COH Papers

COH Papers

The Homeless Hub Paper Series is a Canadian Observatory on Homelessness initiative to highlight the work of top Canadian researchers on homelessness. The goal of the Paper Series is to take homelessness research and relevant policy findings to new audiences. Reports in this Paper Series constitute secondary research, involving summary, collation and/or synthesis of existing research.

If you would like to contribute to the Paper Series, we invite you to contact us at: thehub@edu.yorku.ca


Publication Date: 2014
Canada is nearing an important crossroads in our response to homelessness. Since homelessness emerged as a significant problem – in fact, as a crisis – in the 1990s, with the withdrawal of the federal government’s investment in affordable housing, communities have struggled to respond. Declining wages (even minimum wage has not kept up with inflation in any jurisdiction in Canada), reduced benefit levels–including pensions and social...
Publication Date: 2013
In an era of growing interest in developing solutions to homelessness, it is increasingly important to know what works, why it works and for whom it works. While there is a growing body of academic research on the causes and conditions of homelessness, there is very little research that describes effective interventions in a practical way that helps communities learn from and adapt these initiatives to local contexts. Many communities...
Publication Date: 2012
This report summarizes what we know about the cost of addressing homelessness by looking at key literature from Canada and the United States. What becomes clear is that the status quo is actually really expensive. It may seem counter intuitive to suggest that it is cheaper and more cost effective to provide people who experience homelessness with the housing and supports they need, rather than simply provide them with emergency...
Publication Date: 2012
The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of research on interventions that aim to end or reduce homelessness. Our specific goals were to gain an understanding of the different populations for whom interventions have been tested and the type of interventions evaluated, as well as to create an inventory of the indicators used to assess the effectiveness of interventions. We provide an overview of the methodology used to gather...
Publication Date: 2016
Mass homelessness in Canada emerged in the 1980s, following a massive disinvestment in affordable housing, structural shifts in the economy and reduced spending on social supports. Since then, stakeholders across the country have tried and tested solutions to address the issue. These responses, largely based on the provision of emergency services, have prevented meaningful progress. Fortunately, there are many signs that we are...
Publication Date: 2016
“Youth homelessness” refers to the situation and experience of young people between the ages of 13 and 24 who are living independently of parents and/or caregivers, but do not have the means or ability to acquire a stable, safe or consistent residence.Youth homelessness is a complex social issue because as a society we have failed to provide young people and their families with the necessary and adequate supports that will enable them...

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