Research Summaries

Research Summaries

Publication Date: 2013
Adolescence is an important developmental period associated with a need for increased nutritional requirements to foster growth and development. Chronically poor nutrition during adolescence can have negative health impacts over the lifespan and is associated with an increased risk of infections. Poor nutrition can also worsen conditions such as depression, substance abuse and sexually transmitted diseases. Homeless youth face extreme...
Publication Date: 2013
Motherhood during adolescence carries its own set of challenges for those who are homeless including physical and mental health problems, risk of abuse, and suicidal behaviour. Teen pregnancy also carries higher risks for the newborns such as birth complications, and physical, neurological, and nutritional problems. Very little attention has been directed toward understanding the particular needs of homeless mothers. They are...
Publication Date: 2013
There is an abundance of research on homeless youth that looks at the causes and consequences of homelessness. Findings have been quite consistent in revealing that youth become homeless as a result of familial conflict, abuse and trauma, poverty, addictions and mental health concerns, and involvement in the child welfare system. Less is known about how youth are able to exit street life, leaving the picture incomplete. It is equally...
Publication Date: 2013
Food and proper nutrition are critical for a functioning society and a healthy work force.  A healthy labour force leads to higher life expectancy, higher labour productivity, lower health costs, and an overall higher standard of wellbeing.  Food prices, in Ontario, have been increasing at a faster rate than social assistance benefits, forcing recipients to spend a greater portion of their allowance on food. Today, many Ontarians face...
Publication Date: 2013
Studies have shown that at least half of the homeless population suffers from mental health issues, almost half of homeless people have substance use issues, and inmates who have a mental health problem are twice as likely as those without to have been homeless in the year before incarceration. Taken together, these factors make it extremely difficult for homeless persons with multiple needs to maintain housing. Housing services for...
Publication Date: 2013
Changes in political, social, and economic practices over the past few decades (referred to in this chapter as neoliberalism) have shaped the way government and society at large view and address youth homelessness. These practices include reduced social support, increased individual accountability, particularly in regards to maintaining employment and managing personal finances, and greater reliance on the private sector to provide...

Pages