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RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
This project was funded in part by the Government of Canada’s Homelessness Partnering Strategy (HPS). The City of Thompson is the Community Entity (CE) designated by the HPS to report annually on the amount received. The 2014-2019 Community Plan of the Thompson Community Advisory Board (CAB) included the completion of Point in Time (PiT) Homeless Counts in 2015 and 2016 (Thompson Community Advisory Board for Homelessness, 2014). In 2016 the HPS...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Substance use disorders are common among persons experiencing homelessness, and research has identified social networks as important correlates of substance use in this population. Permanent supportive housing (PSH), particularly Housing First, which uses a harm reduction model not requiring substance abstinence, is a key solution for ending homelessness. However, conflicting evidence exists regarding the associations between moving into PSH...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Niagara Counts 2018, Niagara’s second homelessness Point-in-Time (PiT) Count, was conducted in late March 2018. A PiT Count is intended to provide a snapshot of homelessness at a single point in time through a homeless enumeration and an accompanying survey (i.e. collected information on the demographics, experience, and services needs of Niagara’s self-identified homeless population).

Niagara’s PiT Count found 625 people to be...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Family homelessness is a growing problem in North America with most of these families headed by single women. Homeless women also experience high rates of pregnancy and addiction (drugs and alcohol). Housing interventions have been identified as key to addressing the complex needs of pregnant/early parenting, homeless women with addictions. The aim of this systematic review is to determine what housing models and programs for this population...

JOURNAL NAME: Youth and Society Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

The transition to adulthood is an underresearched topic for cross-systems youth, defined as young people who have experienced homelessness, child welfare system involvement, and educational challenges. This qualitative study explored processes of resilience in the transition to adulthood for cross-systems youth aged 18 to 24 (n = 20). Analysis of in-depth interviews using a grounded theory open coding process revealed two thematic concepts,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Families who use emergency shelters are more likely than poor, housed families to experience separations between children and their custodial parents (Cowal et al., 2002). Family composition may change over time. For example, a parent may send his or her children to live in what he or she perceives to be a safer environment with relatives or family friends rather than subjecting children to the experience of a shelter. In other cases, child...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

The PiT Count took place throughout the Victoria Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), commonly referred to as Greater Victoria. This report uses those two terms interchangeably. There are 13 municipalities and one electoral area that make up the Greater Victoria region. Contact was made with enforcement officials in jurisdictions throughout the region. This year, Sooke actively participated in the PiT Count, with three survey locations and an...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013

In Canada, both women and children are the primary victims of human trafficking and are trafficked largely for sexual exploitation. It has been estimated that approximately 800 people are trafficked into Canada annually and another 1,200 to 1,500 are trafficked through Canada. Some social service organizations have estimated that as many as 16,000 Canadians are trafficked annually. While we do not know how many of these are children, it has...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Foreign-born families face challenges following migration to Canada that may impact their well-being and lead them to homelessness. Yet, there is limited research on the experience of homelessness in this population. The purpose of this paper is to examine the health of foreign-born families staying in the emergency shelter system in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and compare their experiences to Canadian-born homeless families who are also living...

JOURNAL NAME: Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018


Runaway and homeless youth (RHY) are dependent on the specialized settings that locate, engage, and serve them. Yet, little research has focused on the features of effective settings for RHY. The present qualitative study, grounded in the Youth Program Quality Assessment model, explored characteristics of higher quality organizations for RHY and gaps that remain from staff and RHY perspectives. A total of 29 diverse...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Between October 30, 2017, and March 31, 2018, government connected with people living in poverty and their friends, families and advocates, as well as community organizations, service providers, local governments, Indigenous communities, businesses, industry associations and unions. This report reflects the voices of people from B.C. who participated in the poverty reduction consultation. They brought forward a wide range of experiences, ideas...
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

In February 2017, the Government of Canada announced Everyone Counts 2018, the second HPS Coordinated Pointin-Time Count, to be held between March and April 2018. This Count offers a snapshot of homelessness in each city. Participating communities used a common set of survey questions to improve the understanding of homelessness across Canada.

7 Cities already coordinates biennial Point-in-Time Counts in order to provide a current...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

For nearly 30 years, Campaign 2000 has documented the failure of good intentions to end poverty. In the lead up to Canada’s first federal Poverty Reduction Strategy, Campaign 2000 reveals a disturbing picture of the magnitude of child poverty in every federal riding. The latest data paint a stark portrait of inequality in Canada with high- and low-income families living in close proximity while divided by wide social and economic gaps that...

JOURNAL NAME: Australasian Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

The objective of this study was to determine whether a ‘housing first’ permanent supported accommodation was effective in improving housing stability, continuity of care and reducing mental health admissions for persons experiencing chronic homelessness with psychosis. Conclusions: The accommodation of chronic homeless persons with psychosis in a ‘housing first’ permanent supported accommodation lead to increased housing stability and...

JOURNAL NAME: Qualitative Health Research 
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

In this study, we used ethnographic methods and a risk environment framework to consider how contextual factors produce or reduce risk for substance use with a sample of 27 adults who recently moved into permanent supportive housing (PSH). Most apparent was how the social and physical environments interacted, because most participants focused on how having an apartment had dramatically changed their lives and how they interact with others....

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Throughout the United States, 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men have been victims of severe physical violence by an intimate partner, with women disproportionally more likely to experience fear, concern for their safety, injury, and need for medical care and housing services (Black, Basile, Breiding, Smith, Walters, Merrick, & Stevens, 2011). Research suggests that domestic violence (DV) is a leading cause of homelessness for women and children...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Chronic homelessness is a highly complex social problem affecting communities around the country. The scope of the problem is substantial, with an estimated nearly 87,000 individuals experiencing chronic homelessness in 2017. The report addresses a fundamental question: To what extent have permanent supportive housing programs improved health outcomes and affected health care costs in people experiencing homelessness? The report also...

RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Provinces and territories deliver and cost-match federal funds from the National Housing Strategy through bilateral agreements with Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. These agreements align with the new vision for housing under the National Housing Strategy, and they are more flexible and in line with expected outcomes. Presented below are the new bilateral agreements that have been signed with the provinces and territories.

JOURNAL NAME: Lancet Oncology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Annually, 100 million people experience homelessness worldwide. Most adults that are struggling with homelessness are living to age 50 years or older and need age-appropriate screening for cancer. Cancer-related death in homeless adults is twice as high as the average in the adult population in the USA. However, few studies have examined the rates of and barriers to cancer screening in homeless people. This Review explores cancer-related...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

A largely unexplored complexity in the lives of youth who have experienced homeless is the presence of intellectual, developmental and/or learning disabilities. Although emerging research shows that youth with cognitive disabilities are more likely to become homeless and that rates of cognitive disabilities are higher among the homeless population than the population in general, exploring the intersection of disability and homelessness for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Blog
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Communities across Canada are faced with the growing crisis of youth homelessness. Many organizations are operating in isolation of a larger network. This National Map is a dynamic resource that will enable organizations to connect. Each organization on this map have completed a survey that gives a brief overview of their programs and services. The organizational summaries are searchable by: city/town, population size, program/service,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

The Winnipeg Street Census 2018 marks the second attempt to gain a comprehensive view of homelessness in Winnipeg. In order to end homelessness we need to understand it. The Street Census is not an attempt to count the total number of people experiencing homelessness but provide a snapshot of who is experiencing homelessness, some of the reasons for it and barriers to exiting it. Between April 17 and 18, we surveyed approximately 1500...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Information on homelessness is essential to understand the nature and extent of homelessness in the City and County of Peterborough, the needs of individuals and families experiencing homelessness, to plan services, and measure progress towards ending homelessness. The 2018 Homelessness Enumeration Report provides a profile of homelessness in our community based on the homelessness count and surveys conducted in the City and County of...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

This study examined the reliability and validity of the Vulnerability Index-Service Prioritization Decision Assistance Tool (VI-SPDAT), a widely-used assessment of the health and social vulnerabilities and housing needs of individuals experiencing homelessness. Homeless Management Information System data were obtained for 1495 individuals who were administered the VI-SPDAT between 2014 and 2016. Subsamples were selected for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Vancouver Street View is an interactive site where you can see how homelessness has increased in the Greater Vancouver Area. The technology allows users to toggle between Google Street View images taken in the...

JOURNAL NAME: The Lancet Oncology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Annually, 100 million people experience homelessness worldwide. Most adults that are struggling with homelessness are living to age 50 years or older and need age-appropriate screening for cancer. Cancer-related death in homeless adults is twice as high as the average in the adult population in the USA. However, few studies have examined the rates of and barriers to ...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Children and youth who experience homelessness and child welfare involvement may experience high mobility, disruption of relationships with family and peer networks, and social stigma, all of which can have a negative impact on educational success for these youth. In this study, we explored the perspective of youth who were involved...

JOURNAL NAME: Maternal and Child Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

In the United States, families with children characterize the fastest growing portion of the homeless population. Parenting for families experiencing homelessness presents unique challenges since families facing homelessness are disproportionately more likely to experience a myriad of interpersonal and contextual stressors that heighten the risk of parents engaging in suboptimal parenting approaches. 

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JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Drop-in centers for homeless youth take a low barrier approach to addressing both their basic needs (e.g., food, hygiene, clothing) and higher level needs (e.g., substance use treatment, mental health care, HIV/STD-related programs)....

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

During Congress 2018 in April, CHRA hosted an International Forum for which a number of Canadian and international housing experts came together to discuss common issues in social and affordable housing. From that Forum, CHRA has produced a summary report providing an overview of the current state of housing – including broader market housing challenges, jurisdictional reflections, and homelessness – in Canada, the United States and the...

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