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RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To address growing housing instability in college students, institutions of higher education in the state of Michigan should develop assistance programs that provide academic support, mentoring services, and housing aid.

When data was last collected in 2013, 58,000 college students identified as homeless on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), an increase of 75 percent over the previous 3 years, and experts estimate...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the past 20 years the use of the at-risk-of-poverty threshold has become increasingly widespread. However, as is well known, the indicator builds on a number of assumptions and simplifications that have given rise to several criticisms. In this paper we illustrate how reference budgets can help to ‘contextualise’ the weaknesses of the at-risk-of poverty threshold by generating more insight into the kind of living standard that can be...

JOURNAL NAME: Pediatrics.
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background and Objective

Child maltreatment remains a problem in the United States, and individual poverty is a recognized risk factor for abuse. Children in impoverished communities are at risk for negative health outcomes, but the relationship of community poverty to child abuse fatalities is not known. Our objective was to evaluate the association between county poverty concentration and rates of fatal child abuse.

Methods

This was...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2015, for the second year in a row, child poverty rates declined in the United States. However, familiar patterns in levels and characteristics of child poverty persist: more than one in five children are poor; children of color are at disproportionate risk for poverty; and rates are highest in the South and West and in rural areas and cities. This brief uses data from the American Community Survey to investigate patterns of child poverty...

RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

150,000-300,000 people experience homelessness in a given year in Canada. On a single night, 1400 people experience homelessness in Victoria. Homelessness is a result of structural factors such as poverty and high housing costs, systemic factors such as aging out of care and individual situations. In Victoria, housing is unaffordable and unavailable. People experiencing homelessness have poor health and die prematurely due to lack of the...

JOURNAL NAME: Pediatrics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this issue of Pediatrics, Farrell et al. describe research linking poverty with child maltreatment fatalities. The American Academy of Pediatrics has addressed the overall issue of the effects of poverty in a recent policy statement. An increasing number of reports linking ecology with outcomes for both adults and children have been published describing risk factors for overall health, brain health, and lifetime health trajectories. Given...

JOURNAL NAME: Richmond Public Interest Law Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Criminal records for veterans returning home after military service, particularly those related to service-related injuries, often pose difficult barriers for those returning to civilian life. Even if records have been expunged – as some states allow specifically for veterans – potential employers and other authorities may come across criminal records, resulting in reduced opportunities for wounded warriors. This Article presents the litany...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

How are disordered eating and substance abuse embodied, experienced, and articulated within a context of multi-dimensional marginalization? Existing studies that address this question emphasize medical influences and gather clinical samples, thereby overlooking those for whom structural constraints such as poverty make accessing costly and timeintensive treatment unrealistic. In this study, I fill methodological and empirical gaps in the...

JOURNAL NAME: InternatIonal Archives of MedIcIne
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

The Tuberculosis (TB) keeps being a big public health problem in the world, having the poverty, the bad life condition, the bad income distribution, the social iniquity and the disability on the health system as a substrate to its maintenance. 

Objective

To identify the scientific knowledge produced under the access to the health service of the homeless person sick by TB. 

Method

Integrative literature review...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, created by the 1996 welfare law, provides a temporary safety net to few poor families — including those with no other means to meet basic needs — and its reach has shrunk considerably over time.1 In 2015, for every 100 families in poverty, only 23 received cash assistance from TANF — down from 68 families when TANF was first enacted. This “TANF-to-poverty ratio” (TPR) reached its...

ORGANIZATION: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Limited
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This AHURI Inquiry into the funding and delivery of programs to reduce homelessness in Australia provides the first comprehensive examination and assessment of the funding of Specialist Homelessness Services (SHSs) and other services assisting those experiencing homelessness.

• Government funding is the dominant form of funding, accounting for 84.6 per cent of funding provided to SHSs (those receiving funding from dedicated government...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This fact sheet outlines the benefits of art-making for youth who are homeless, how the arts can be used to addess the causes and effects of youth homelessness, and provides tips for creating an impactful arts program.

From the Research Matters Blog

This fact sheet is based on Kaitlin Schwan's blog post, Can...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Human trafficking — the exploitation of a person’s labor through force, fraud, or coercion — is a crime whose victims tend to be society’s most vulnerable. People who are homeless, lack a support system, or are desperate for work are susceptible to the promises of people who would exploit them for labor and for sex. Recently, homeless youth providers in the United States and Canada have become aware that their clients are particularly at risk...

JOURNAL NAME: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Homeless individuals with mental illness are challenging to recruit and retain in longitudinal research studies. The present study uses information from the Vancouver site of a Canadian multi-city longitudinal randomized controlled trial on housing first interventions for homeless individuals. We were able to recruit 500 participants and retain large number of homeless individuals with mental illness; 92% of the participants...

ORGANIZATION: Eva’s Initiatives for Homeless Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Eva’s Education Program was created in 2014 to respond to the stated needs and desires of young people served by Eva’s. They recognized the importance of better education to improved employment, housing, and quality of life outcomes.

Housed at Eva’s Phoenix transitional housing and employment training facility, the Education Program facilitates reintegration of homeless youth with academic programs and assists them to plan toward their...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

We approached the creation of this book, much like we approach our everyday work, committed with a full heart. This is a project of love and hope. We put this book out into the world with the hope that it may help create a necessary shift, so that all young people have a safe place to call home, and that together we may work to end LGBTQ2S youth homelessness.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Coming out is hard for everyone. Sometimes there is no way of knowing how homophobic or transphobic your parents or family will be: sometimes we are unpleasantly surprised. Attached are two separate yet similar stories, at once unique and not unique, that may give you a felt sense of the myriad of LGBTQ2S youth experiences. We ask you to consider these stories as an entry point to this book.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Biphobia

Feelings of rage, hate and disapproval toward bisexuality and bisexual people. Biphobia can be manifested in numerous ways, such as verbally, emotionally and through physical attacks.

Cisgender

When a person’s gender identity matches with their body and sex assigned at birth.

Cissexism

The belief that transgender people are inherently inferior...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Creative pieces spoken by queer and trans youth experiencing homelessness, arranged by Jama Shelton and a piece by Alex Abramovich are found in this section.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

So many LGBTQ2S young people who have experienced homelessness are finding ways to carve out safe and meaningful lives, despite the barriers placed before them. They are survivors, creators and educators. They are thoughtful and strong. In this section are the stories of two such young people. Imagine what would be possible if they, and others like them, were affirmed by the individuals in their lives and supported by the institutions in...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The programs featured in this book, and others in Canada and the United States, save the lives of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness. They often work with insufficient funding, sometimes in hostile local and national political climates, to meet the needs of far too many LGBTQ2S young people who are reliant upon them. They are leaders in addressing homophobia, transphobia, heterosexism, cissexism, colonialism, racism, and poverty. They...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Alberta is a western province in Canada with an estimated population of 4,268,929, as of October 1, 2015. It is Canada’s fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada’s three prairie provinces. Alberta’s two largest municipalities, Edmonton and Calgary, make up just under half the province’s total population, with a combined population of 1,999,447. The Edmonton–Calgary corridor is the most urbanized region in the province,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There are many ways to think about what policy can and should achieve, and what its role should be in furthering public interests at the government, community and institutional levels. If the goals of good public policy include justice, the defence of human rights, and the enhancement of inclusion, respect and well-being for individuals and communities, a question to be asked is how does—or, more importantly, how should—policy address the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Peter Cicchino Youth Project (PCYP) at the Urban Justice Center provides legal services, policy advocacy, and case management services aimed at interrupting the cycles of poverty and criminalization that prevent LGBTQ+ street-involved youth and youth experiencing homelessness from living fulfilling lives free from discrimination, abuse and oppression. 

This case study provides an overview of PCYP’s approach to providing holistic,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The legal issues facing youth experiencing homelessness are complicated and multi-faceted. When the legal problems of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness are neither identified nor addressed, the consequences that exacerbate or cause homelessness persist. For illustration, if a young person loses their employment due to discrimination based on sexual orientation, they may be unable to pay their rent. Or if a young person is assaulted by a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The New York City LGBT Community Center (The Center) and the Ali Forney Center (AFC), a provider of housing and supportive services for LGBTQ2S youth in New York City, collaborate on creating and executing a comprehensive work-readiness curriculum called LEAP (Learning, Education, Advancement and Placement). LEAP offers wraparound support with measures geared toward life skills, education and employment for LGBTQ2S young people experiencing...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Previous research reveals high unemployment rates among LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness. This chapter provides an overview of the vocational needs of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness and introduces the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment as one evidence-based solution to help this population gain and maintain competitive employment. The author illustrates the chapter with findings from a pilot...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This case study of the Young Black Gay Men’s Leadership Initiative (YBGLI) will demonstrate how leadership development can equip youth of colour, particularly young Black gay men, with key skills to combat homelessness and live successful lives. The development of these skills is facilitated by other young Black gay men, with skills including advocacy training, professional development, networking, leadership and mentorship opportunities....

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Black Queer Youth (BQY) Initiative is a group for Black, African, Caribbean and multiracial youth, aged 29 and under, who also identify as LGBTQ2S. For over 16 years, BQY has been one of the only spaces exclusively for youth who are both Black and queer-identified in Canada, and has grown from a monthly group facilitated by Black queer community volunteers into a fully-fledged project of the Supporting Our Youth Program at the Sherbourne...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

What’s it like for Black queer youth who identify as gay, bisexual and/or transgender to come of age and transition to adulthood in Canadian urban environments like Toronto? Obtaining stable housing is one of the most important transitions facing young adults, and racialized LGBTQ2S young adults are particularly vulnerable to being unable to successfully obtain this marker of adult status. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the...

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