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JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Affective Disorders
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015
Background:

Homeless individuals are an extremely vulnerable and underserved population characterized by overlapping problems of mental illness and substance use. Given the fact that mood disorders are frequently associated with substance use disorders, we wanted to further highlight the role of excitement in substance abuse. Patterns of substance abuse among homeless suffering from unipolar and bipolar depression were compared. The “self-...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Objectives:

The developing literature on supported employment for people who have a mental illness and recent history of homelessness has yet to explore the relationship between clients and their employment specialists. The objective of the present article is to explore and understand the way in which service users experience supported employment services and how these experiences differ from those receiving usual services.

Method:

...

JOURNAL NAME: BMJ Open
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014
Objectives:

This study draws on baseline data from the At Home/Chez Soi demonstration project to examine the association between parenting status and mental health among homeless women and whether the association varies by duration of homelessness. Setting: Structured interviews were conducted with participants in five cities across Canada including Moncton, Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver and Winnipeg.

Participants:

Eligibility criteria...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Objectives:

This study aims to examine the rates of self-reported contacts with the criminal justice system among homeless adults with mental illness, to identify the characteristics of participants who have had contacts with the criminal justice system, to report the dimensional structure of criminal justice system involvement in this sample, and to identify typologies of justice-involved participants.

Methods:

Self-report data on...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

This paper describes the implementation of Housing First in a small Canadian city. Given that the majority of Housing First research has been conducted in large American cities, providing a Canadian context in a small city contributes significant insights for similarly sized areas. The main objectives were to determine the adaptations made to the Housing First model and the contextual realities that affected implementation. Data were...

JOURNAL NAME: Mental Health Review Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2012
Purpose: This paper aims to examine the progress of the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) over the first five years of its existence toward stated goals while existing outside the constitutional framework of health care funding. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is a review of the outputs of the MHCC with emphasis on its first-ever mental health strategy for Canada, knowledge exchange network, anti-stigma initiatives, randomized...
ORGANIZATION: American Public Health Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013
Objective:  The At Home/Chez Soi randomized controlled trial examines the effectiveness of a less resource-intensive Housing First intervention using Intensive Case Management (HF-ICM) for homeless individuals with mental illness and moderate levels of unmet mental health needs.  Method:  Homeless individuals with mental illness (N=1198) in four Canadian cities (Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto and Montreal) were randomized to HF-ICM or treatment-...
JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

The At Home / Chez Soi project, funded by Health Canada through the Mental Health Commission of Canada, involves evaluating the implementation and effectiveness of the Housing First (HF) approach, a complex community-based intervention that addresses homelessness in people with severe and persistent mental illness. This paper examines the perspectives of community partners on the implementation of HF in Moncton, New Brunswick. Engagement...

ORGANIZATION: The Institute of Urban Studies In-Brief Series
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2010

The Lived Experience Circle (LEC) was formed in 2010 as an advisory group to the Winnipeg site of the At Home/Chez Soi study. At Home/Chez Soi is a study on homelessness and mental illness, and is the largest of its kind ever undertaken world-wide. In 2009 the Federal government allocated $110 million to the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC), to conduct this fiveyear study on mentally ill homeless persons in five cities in Canada:...

JOURNAL NAME: Intersectionalities: A Global Journal of Social Work Analysis, Research, Polity, and Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

The Mental Health Commission of Canada’s At Home/Chez Soi project has taken a housing-first approach, providing approximately half of the project participants with housing as well as services that are tailored to meet their needs, while the other half have access to the regular supports that are available in their community. At Home/Chez Soi worked specifically with people with experiences of homelessness and mental health. The People With...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Studies
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Existing research demonstrates that mean health care costs incurred by those experiencing homelessness are high. However, high mean health care costs mask the fact that a sizeable number of people experiencing homelessness incur low costs and that very high costs are driven by a minority of the homeless population. This paper examines health care costs estimated from two Australian surveys of those experiencing homelessness undertaken by the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Objective

The median age of single homeless adults is over 50, yet little is known about their emergency department ( ED ) use. We describe use of and factors associated with ED use in a sample of homeless adults 50 and older.

Methods

We recruited 350 participants who were homeless and 50 or older in Oakland, California. We interviewed participants about residential history in the prior 6 months, health status, health‐...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Affairs
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study investigates how homeless people in downtown Atlanta access and use cell phones, internet, and email. The findings include the following: (1) over 60% of homeless people in this study owned a cell phone, used the internet, or had email access; (2) number of times homelessness was related to cell phone ownership and frequency of use; (3) age group was related to computer knowledge, internet frequency, and having an email account;...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Science and Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013

An interesting question concerns how large-scale (mental) health services policy initiatives come into being, and the role of evidence within the decision-making process behind their origins. This paper illustrates the process by which motivation to address homelessness, in the context of the upcoming 2010 Vancouver Olympics, was leveraged into a pan-Canadian project including sites in Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal and Moncton, New...

JOURNAL NAME: PLoS ONE
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Research suggests that individuals experiencing homelessness have high rates of overweight and obesity. Unhealthy weights and homelessness are both associated with increased risk of poor health and mortality. Using longitudinal data from 575 participants at the Toronto site of the At Home/Chez Soi randomized controlled trial, we investigate the impact of receiving a Housing First intervention on the Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist...

JOURNAL NAME: AIMS Medical Science
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose:

Homeless adults have a higher prevalence of smoking compared to the general population. Most tobacco cessation efforts have focused on the general population, with limited attention paid to this vulnerable population. In this study, homeless adults as well as shelter staff were interviewed to understand their attitudes and beliefs about smoking and smoking cessation, and receptiveness to smoking cessation interventions.

Methods...
RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Annually, about 3.5 million Americans of all ages, ethnicities, and professions experience homelessness (National Coalition for the Homeless [NCH], 2009c). About one-third of the total homeless population is comprised of families, and families with children are among the fastest growing segments of the population (NCH, 2009b). It is reported that homelessness is typically a recurrent experience that results in children’s educational,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a critical issue facing societies around the world. The scale of human suffering around homelessness stretches beyond shelter insecurity to include hunger and malnutrition, lack of healthcare, greatly increased crime victimization, deprivation from job markets, and embarrassingly visible marginality within society. Using data from a small, longitudinal study of undergraduate students at a medium-sized Catholic university in...

JOURNAL NAME: Australasian Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objectives

People who are homeless have high mortality and morbidity, including from metabolic disorder. The aim of this study was to report on the characteristics and progress of the metabolic health of people attending a metabolic clinic at a homeless men’s shelter.

Methods

Homeless men attending the clinic were assessed by measuring their weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipids,...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While many homeless youth use cell phones to stay socially connected, and maintaining positive social ties can contribute to pathways out of homelessness, little is known about how using cell phones for data collection can improve these young people's lives. We conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with 150 homeless youth as well as provided them with a cell phone for 30 days to gather daily data using short message service (SMS)...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objectives

Our objective was to describe and determine the factors contributing to a recent drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) outbreak in Georgia.

Methods

We defined an outbreak case as TB diagnosed from March 2008 through December 2015 in a person residing in Georgia at the time of diagnosis and for whom (1) the genotype of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolate was consistent with the outbreak strain or (2) TB was diagnosed clinically...

ORGANIZATION: National Youth At Risk Conference
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Prior to the mid-1980s, homelessness was not deemed a federal issue. However, proponents for such legislation eventually created laws and programs that catered to people who were homeless (Mckinney-vento act, 2006).

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (MVA) has become a key factor to creating and implementing change in the lives of all homeless persons; and although it was designed to address the issues associated with...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
OBJECTIVES: 

The objective of the study is to characterize the associations between a history of incarceration and subsequent housing stability over a two-year follow-up period among a sample of homeless and vulnerably housed individuals.

METHODS: 

The study was a prospective cohort study of homeless and vulnerably housed adults in three Canadian cities. Between 2009 and 2012, data were collected using structured, in-person interviews...

JOURNAL NAME: The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective:

This study attempted to determine if Housing First (HF) decreased suicidal ideation and attempts compared to treatment as usual (TAU) amongst homeless persons with mental disorders, a population with a demonstrably high risk of suicidal behaviour.

Method:

The At Home/Chez Soi project is an unblinded, randomised control trial conducted across 5 Canadian cities (Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, Moncton) from...

ORGANIZATION: Lemos & Crane
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Little research has been conducted on the attitudes towards money of homeless or vulnerable people, nor about their behaviour in handling money. This research conducted by Lemos&Crane in collaboration with Thames Reach with support from Esmée Fairbairn Foundation seeks to begin to fill that gap.

The story told in this report is not about the importance of having money per se. This report reflects the meaning of money in the eyes of...

ORGANIZATION: Lemos & Crane
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Lost and Found, published in April 2013, is the first ever study of homeless people’s attitude to faith involving in-depth interviews with over 70 people. 

The feedback received  from service providers in particular has revealed significant demand and interest to explore more fully with homeless and vulnerable people their faith and spirituality – this has been expressed by both ‘secular’ and ‘faith-based’ organisations. Above all,...

ORGANIZATION: Lemos & Crane
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This groundbreaking and influential study, first published in 2006 and now reissued with a new preface, redefines the concepts and context for supporting homeless and other vulnerable people. Steadying the Ladder demonstrates the value strengthening positive identity, creating and re-creating lasting and loving partnerships and building and re-building relationships with family and friends. The book describes the connections between these...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Technologies in Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Rapidly shifting technologies are challenging assumptions about access to the Internet as communities viewed as “marginalized” are finding their way to social networking sites and other forms of online connection. This article draws from a 2014 survey of 135 street-involved youth aged fifteen to twenty-four in three British Columbia, Canada communities and shows that their use of digital technology and social networking sites is approaching...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This research seeks to understand goals and the gender differences in goals among men and women who are transitioning into permanent supportive housing. Men and women experience homelessness differently. Data collected for this study come from a longitudinal investigation of HIV risk behavior and social networks among women and men transitioning from homelessness to permanent supportive housing. As part of this study, 421 baseline interviews...

ORGANIZATION: FEANTSA
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

Violence against women is a brutal manifestation of gender inequality and a serious violation of human rights. One in three women in the EU has experienced physical and/or sexual violence was after the age of 15. 1 Increasing attention is paid both at national and European level to violence against women. It is certainly an issue that is not only on the political agenda, but is also being tackled through legislative means: important...

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