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ORGANIZATION: Wilfrid Laurier University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the summer of 2014, the Region of Waterloo received funding towards rent assistance that would help to house 40 individuals experiencing persistent homelessness in the community. The Region was interested in evaluating the impacts of the addition of rent assistance to its STEP Home (Support to End Persistent Homelessness) program in order to guide the future direction of these services. Results from the study indicate that (1) rent...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This is the first national Australian longitudinal study investigating the economic, personal and social costs of youth homelessness over time across a broad range of locations.

Too many young Australians are without any form of safe and secure accommodation. It is estimated that approximately 44,000 Australians under the age of 25 are homeless, but the actual number is likely to be higher. Homeless young people comprise some 42 per...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract BACKGROUND:

Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population.

METHODS:

Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Policy Debate
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article estimates the impact of local housing and labor market conditions on area homelessness using the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD’s) annual point-in-time counts of homelessness from 2007 to 2014. In cross-sectional models, the median rent, the share of households in rental housing, and the poverty rate have strong positive impacts on homelessness. Once area-fixed effects are included, only the median rent...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Service Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Survival sex is associated with many health problems, including increased substance use and HIV risk. Current research on survival sex among homeless individuals has given little attention to the unique effects of how length and number of homeless episodes influence engagement in survival sex. Using secondary data analysis from the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS) (N = 783), the authors examined the relationship of days...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Children’s development between birth and age 5 is one of the most critical and exciting periods in a person’s lifespan. From the explosions in language and motor abilities, to the expansion of cognitive skills and higher level functioning, this timespan encompasses some of the earliest developmental necessities for further growth. Unfortunately, almost half of the nation’s children have experienced at least one type of childhood trauma during...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Psychology Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Youth runaway behavior and homelessness (RHY) in the U.S. is increasingly common, with prevalence estimated at 1–1.7 million youth. RHY have multiple, overlapping problems often including poor physical and mental health, frequent street victimization, and histories of physical and sexual abuse. Further, current street victimization interacts with childhood abuse to produce complex, unique presentations of traumatic symptoms and...

JOURNAL NAME: OPEN TUYU
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Military veterans are at an increased risk for homelessness. Of the United States population, 10% are veterans. Of the homeless adult population, veterans account for 16%, which equates to approximately 66,000 on any given night. Typically, homeless veterans who served during the Vietnam era, are older and report physical and psychological problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, and alcohol or drug dependencies. Challenges that affect their...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Among a sample of individuals identifying as homeless (N′ = 275), this study modeled the relationship between the psychological well-being variables of hope, life satisfaction, positive emotions, and health related quality of life (HRQoL). Specifically, covariance based structural equation modeling (CB-SEM) was used to test a prior theory that life satisfaction serves as an antecedent of HRQoL with hope and positive emotions as mediators....

JOURNAL NAME: CMAJ
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

After dinner in the basement hall of St. Patrick’s Church in central Toronto, volunteers with Out of the Cold begin clearing the concrete floor so sleeping mats can be laid out. Some 80 or so homeless people will be staying overnight.

One of them is 54-year-old Angela, who lost her home six years ago during a period of severe mental instability. She pushes back her dinner plate wearily and reaches for her cane. It’s been snowing...

JOURNAL NAME: International Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study in the state of New South Wales, Australia, explored what Specialist Homelessness Services are currently implementing in regard to consumer participation, what is working and what barriers to consumer participation have been encountered by both service users and providers. Three staff members, one consumer volunteer and 10 homeless persons from three services were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis....

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness has been a serious social problem in the United States dating back to the Great Depression and continuing through every economic downturn. Increases have been related to poor public policy. Although federal, state, and local funding have been allocated for emergency homeless shelters, these shelters have only met the needs of a small percentage of the homeless in the United States. This study evaluated perspective of homeless...

ORGANIZATION: Alcohol Research UK
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

Approximately 10% of the population in the UK are estimated to have been homeless at some point in their lifetime (Crisis 2014) and there were 2,744 rough sleepers identified in England in 2014 (Department for Communities and Local Government 2015). Alcohol misuse is both a cause and effect of homelessness (Shelter 2007) and is considered to be a major health risks amongst the homeless (Crisis 2002). This research used life...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of a System Planning Framework is to paint a picture of a strategic and inclusive system that meets the needs of anyone experiencing homelessness. In this picture, all people in the Homeless-Serving System of Care, including agency staff, government representatives, or mainstream partners, understand where they fit as part of something bigger. Calgary Homeless Foundation aims to inspire a vision of an interconnected response,...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Picture a responsive, adaptive, Homeless-Serving System of Care, where all of us have a part to play in helping people find their way home. In this picture, all people in the system, including agency staff, government representatives and mainstream partners understand where they fit, as part of something bigger.

The System Planning Framework’s purpose is to guide the painting of this picture. A strategic and inclusive system that meets...

JOURNAL NAME: European Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is the most visible indicator for social marginalization and vulnerability. It is a risk factor for subsequent health threats and especially individuals with a history of trauma, substance use and severe persistent mental illness are at high risk to loose their homes, jobs and social networks.

The Canadian At Home/Chez Soi study aimed to better understand the entanglement of homelessness and mental illness and possible...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric Services in Advance
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objectives:

This study aimed to identify challenges and facilitators of sustaining a Housing First intervention at the conclusion of a research demonstration project in Toronto.

Methods:

This qualitative study included key informant interviews with organizational leaders (N=13) and focus groups with service team members (N=14) and program participants (N=9) of the At Home/Chez Soi Research Demonstration Project. Thematic analysis was...

JOURNAL NAME: Can J Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which Canadian adults’ food preparation and cooking skills and use of home or community gardens relate to their household food insecurity status; and to compare the food shopping and cooking behaviours of adults in food-secure and food-insecure households.

METHODS: Data were drawn from two Rapid Response Modules appended to the Canadian Community Health Survey in 2012 and 2013. The analytic...

ORGANIZATION: PROOF: Food Insecurity Policy Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This infographic looks at some of the facts behind food insecurity in Canada.

For more information about this research, see:

Huisken, A., Orr, S. K., & Tarasuk, V. (2017)....

JOURNAL NAME: Energy Procedia
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Retro-Tek research project investigates the potential of existing buildings in the UK contributing towards the EU 2050 CO2 target, through a sustainable retrofit programme aimed specifically at empty homes. It proposes a novel design and procurement methodology to bring empty homes back into use, integrate sustainable technologies and materials and offer them back to the market. Along with the obvious environmental sustainability benefits...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Am J Orthopsychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Supportive housing has become the dominant model in the United States to provide housing to the chronically homeless and to improve their housing stability and health. Most supportive housing programs follow a "housing first" paradigm modeled after the Pathways to Housing program in New York City. However, components of housing first supportive housing models were poorly defined, and supportive models have varied considerably in their...

JOURNAL NAME: Nursing Standard
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Most of students’ pre-registration training takes place in the hospital environment. This, combined with the common misconception that nurses who work in the community are not ‘proper nurses’, may result in students and newly qualified nurses underestimating the field’s complexity.

ORGANIZATION: UNT Health Science Center
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background:

Latent TB infection (LTBI) is disproportionately prevalent among certain US populations, including homeless persons.Diabetes mellitus (DM) is also more common among those with LTBI and suggests higher risk for development of TB disease.A significant association between LTBI and self-reported DM in homeless populations would support self-report as potentially useful to ascertain this important risk.

Objectives:

To evaluate...

JOURNAL NAME: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Youth experiencing homelessness have elevated rates of mental illness and substance use compared to the general population. However, the extent to which underlying mental health issues may contribute to substance use as a way to manage symptoms and whether mental health treatment may reduce risk for substance use is unclear. This paper investigated these relations in a community sample of homeless youth.

Methods

Youth ages...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The State of Hawai‘i, like many other areas across the United States, has large numbers of individuals and families experiencing homelessness, many of whom seek support through statewide shelters and services. This study explored the diversity of ways in which individuals and families moved through Hawai‘i’s homeless service system. Using administrative data, a cohort of new service users was tracked across time to trace the developmental...

ORGANIZATION: The Centre for Social Justice
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

Homelessness is a devastating experience. It can trigger and exacerbate problems, from substance misuse to mental health conditions, and destabilise families and support networks. And the effects can last a lifetime; children who experience homelessness are much more likely to experience homelessness as adults. This cycle must be broken.

But over the last six years, the number of people experiencing homelessness in...

ORGANIZATION: SchoolHouse Connection
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over 95 percent of the jobs created since 2010 have gone to college-educated workers, and by 2020, 65 percent of all jobs will require education beyond high school. Thus, for youth experiencing homelessness, post-secondary education is critical for improving life outcomes, including reducing the risk of continued homelessness as adults. As indicated by the title of this report – a quote from a young adult who experienced homelessness in high...

ORGANIZATION: Baylor Institute for Studies of Religion
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary:

It has been argued that poverty, social-class disparities, and poor social conditions are the world’s most pervasive public health problem and thus responsible for an enormous toll in health-related su ering. Poverty leads to disparities in morbidity, mortality, and disability, in terms of both physical and mental health. And poverty is directly linked to homelessness.

The report was undertaken to provide an initial...

ORGANIZATION: Metro Vancouver
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Metro Vancouver’s economy is experiencing unprecedented growth, while rates of working poverty and homelessness remain among Canada’s highest. 60,000 households in the region currently spend more than half of their income on shelter. An estimated 4,000 people in the region have an immediate need for housing, and are currently living on the streets, in their cars, in homeless camps, parks and forests, or in a temporary shelter....

ORGANIZATION: Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

In New York City, one out of every eight public school students has been homeless at some point in the past five years. One in four (26%) of these students is in high school. In More Than a Place To Sleep: Understanding the Health and Well-Being of Homeless High School Students, we begin to explore differences in risk behaviors and health outcomes between homeless high school students and their housed classmates. Homeless...

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