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RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

How a social enterprise uses football and digital media to bring the problems and perceptions of homelessness into play.

Homelessness—one of the world’s most intractable, wicked problems, which is compounded by poor awareness and great stigma—affects millions of people worldwide. Combining an event involving a globally recognised sport—football (soccer)—and an array of digital media tools and techniques, the Homeless World Cup (HWC)...

JOURNAL NAME: Health & Place
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study examines aspects of neighbourhood social environments (namely, neighbourhood safety, cohesion and connection) and child-specific built environment attributes in relation to children's independent mobility. The results suggest that children aged 8–13 years with parents who perceive their neighbourhood as more cohesive and more connected, and are located closer to school, engaged in higher levels of independently mobile trips....

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study identifies differences between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women engaged in street prostitution in Sudbury, Ontario using an Indigenous Research Paradigm. A sample of twelve women engaged in street prostitution were interviewed using the Prostitution Questionnaire developed by Dr. Melissa Farley of Prostitution Research & Education. Additional questions of regional and cultural relevance were added. A comparison group of nine...

JOURNAL NAME: Frontiers in Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a social, economic, and political crisis in the United States. In particular, the US–Mexico Border region has seen a surge of homelessness, specifically among veterans, women victims of intimate partner violence, and immigrants. In 2014, 12 persons in El Paso, TX, with experience of being homeless used the photovoice methodology to participate in a project titled, “The Voices and Images of the Residents of the Opportunity...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Life would become even harder for thousands of Oregon’s poorest children if lawmakers fail to fill a budget gap. The legislature’s budget writers have proposed a list of cuts to Oregon’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program that they are prepared to make in the absence of new revenue.

TANF helps families that have fallen on hard times avoid homelessness and get back on their feet. Many are single women and children...

JOURNAL NAME: CHEST Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Whereas high risk groups such as asylum seekers are systematically screened for tuberculosis (TB) upon entry in Switzerland, this strategy does not apply to homeless despite a potentially elevated risk of TB. Geneva City Social Services operate shelters for homeless each winter. Shelters are underground facilities with 10 to 20-bed rooms. Every year, ≈ 1000 persons are accommodated. Geneva Health and Social Authorities implemented a...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Active substance use and unstable housing are both associated with increased emergency department (ED) utilization. This study examined ED health care costs among a cohort of substance using and/or homeless adults following an index ED visit, relative to a control ED population. 

Methods

Consecutive patients presenting to an inner-city ED between August 2010 and November 2011 who reported unstable housing and/or who had a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In almost all communities in North America, the number of youth experiencing homelessness exceeds the capacity of housing resources available to youth. This situation leaves communities with the terrible predicament of trying to decide whom to prioritize for the precious few housing spots available at any given time. For adults, this same dynamic exists and many communities have turned to vulnerability assessment tools to help them make these...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

To analyze patient perspectives on the role of housing in their potentially preventable hospitalization.

Methods

Individuals admitted with cardiovascular-or diabetes-related diagnoses (n = 90) in a major medical center in Hawai'i completed an in-person interview eliciting patient perspectives on key factors leading to hospitalization. Using the framework approach, two independent coders identified themes. This study focused...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To combat the associated risk of food deserts in low-income neighborhoods and stimulate reinvest in the community, the City of Binghamton should establish a food cooperative in the North Side to ensure access to affordable and nutritious food.

Binghamton, NY has a poverty rate of 33.9 percent and two designated food deserts: The most prominent being the North Side. The USDA defines a food desert as an area in a low-income community...

JOURNAL NAME: Building and Environment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In comparison to building energy performance, assessment of the impact of energy upgrades on indoor air quality and occupant comfort has received little attention.

Concentrations of indoor air pollutants in fifteen, three bed semi-detached co-operative social dwellings were monitored before and after an energy upgrade during the winter periods of 2015 and 2016. The fifteen dwellings consisted of seven cavity wall (CW) dwellings and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

On October 14th about 40 Saskatonians, most with the lived experience of housing insecurity, provided many suggestions for our 1st National Housing Strategy. This is a summary but not a complete list, starting with the most commonly heard comments where possible.

JOURNAL NAME: The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

Homelessness has been identified as an important risk factor for suicide death, but there is limited research characterising homeless people who die by suicide. The goal of this study is to identify personal, clinical, and suicide method-related factors that distinguish homeless and precariously housed people who die from suicide from those who are not homeless at the time of suicide.

Methods

Coroner records were reviewed for...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Housing & Renewal Association 2014
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

CHRA's 49th National Congress on Housing and Homelessness brought together Canadian and international practitioners, policy makers, front line workers, government officials, and key stakeholders from across the affordable housing and homelessness sector for three days of professional development and engagement. The program included workshops, Keynotes, Mobile Tours, social events and more.

Presentations from the Congress workshops are...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This thesis attempts to answer a research question: Does homelessness contribute to the readmission of acute psychiatric admission with those diagnosed with schizophrenia? A quantitative, retrospective study was conducted using a sample of one hundred and thirty-six patients who were admitted to an acute care hospital in Texas between the dates of January 01, 2015 through December 31, 2016. Data were collected from existing patient records of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The aim of this paper is to analyse to what extent the previous status of children in poverty affects current child poverty, even when we control for observed and unobserved individual heterogeneity and treat the initial condition problem. On the basis of Wooldridge’s (2005) methodology, we estimate a dynamic random effects probit model considering three levels due to the hierarchical structure of our data: observations for each year (level 1...

JOURNAL NAME: Coastal Engineering Proceedings
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

An agent-based model (ABM) is developed to explore the effects of storms and sea level rise (SLR) on soft-engineered coastal management actions and households’ housing decisions at the coastal town of Nags Head in North Carolina, USA. The ABM links the behavior of household agents (individual homeowners) and town agents (coastal managers) with morphological coastal evolution caused by long-term erosion, sea level rise, and storms. Storm...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Through most of history cities have grown slowly, organically following the contours formed by the intersection of geography and commerce - with occasional guidance from master planners - to create resilient and equitable forms. But the industrial age begat zoning, new forms of taxation, and hastened infrastructure investments, all of which upended centuries of measured and incremental growth. Codified separation of distinct land uses...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Regent Park Redux evaluates one of the biggest experiments in public housing redevelopment from the tenant perspective. Built in the 1940s, Toronto’s Regent Park has experienced common large-scale public housing problems. Instead of simply tearing down old buildings and scattering inhabitants, the city’s housing authority came up with a plan for radical transformation.
In partnership with a private developer, the Toronto Community...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of the project was to fund a medical respite program for homeless adults discharged from hospitals; too stabilized to remain in a hospital, and with recuperative needs too severe to remain on streets, or in a traditional shelter. This program will collaborate with other programs at the Weingart Center Association and local service providers to support homeless individuals. The Weingart Center Association, the hosting agency of...

JOURNAL NAME: Harm Reduction Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

The health of people who use drugs (PWUD) is characterized by multimorbidity and chronicity of health conditions, necessitating an understanding of their health care utilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions among a cohort of PWUD.

Methods

We used a retrospective observational design between 2012 and 2013. The population was a marginalized cohort of PWUD...

JOURNAL NAME: Obstetrics & Gynaecology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

The FDA recently announced actions to provide information about the risks of using the Essure device, requiring a mandatory postmarket study to determine its heightened risks. In this study, we aim to look at our experience with the Essure device and analyze its outcomes and complications, focusing on pelvic pain and the risks associated with re-operation.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 319 patient...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This toolkit is designed to help communities plan and implement accurate Point-in-Time Counts in Canada. The content is aligned with the requirements of the 2018 Coordinated Count, as described in the Government of Canada’s Homelessness Partnering Strategy.

The toolkit complements Everyone...

ORGANIZATION: Greater Moncton Homelessness Steering Committee
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Moncton shelters saw an overall drop in the number of individuals accessing their services in 2016 with 759 different individuals booking in to beds; a drop of 7%. This is good news for the region, however, even though there are less overall users within the shelter system, Moncton shelters are seeing people stay longer when they do come. The average length of stay per admission increased to 6.07 days in 2016 from 5.55 days in 2015. When...

JOURNAL NAME: The Lancet HIV
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment.

Methods

Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence...

JOURNAL NAME: Harm Reduction Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Syringe sharing is a high-risk practice associated with the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV and HCV. While youth who contend with housing instability are known to be more likely to engage in high-risk substance use, the potential relationship between being evicted from housing and syringe sharing has not been examined. This study assessed whether residential eviction was associated with syringe sharing among street...

JOURNAL NAME: Trauma, Violence, & Abuse
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless individuals are at higher risk of criminal justice involvement (CJI) and victimization compared to their housed counterparts. Exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM; e.g., abuse, neglect) is one of the most significant predictors of CJI and victimization among homeless populations. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize current knowledge regarding the relationship between CM and CJI and victimization among homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Family relationships are known to play a significant role in helping persons with mental health issues exit homelessness. This study aims to identify the independent quality of life factors that correlate with quality of family relationships. A cross-sectional design was used involving individuals enrolled in the At Home initiative for homeless persons with mental illness in five cities across Canada (N = 2,255). Linear regression analysis...

PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Media Folder: Media Root

It's not always their fault, but...

The appropriate response is, usually silence.

There's a lot more to the picture, than we tend to actually see.
Like, there's a lot more to the river, behind a high mountain peak.
And there's a lot more to the puzzle, but we...

JOURNAL NAME: Arthroplasty Today
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a homeless patient is generally considered contraindicated. Here, we report our known medical and social (housing and employment) results of homeless veterans who had TJA. Thirty-seven TJAs were performed on 33 homeless patients (31 men) at our hospital between November 2000 and March 2014. This was 1.2% of all TJAs. Average age was 54 years. Average hospital stay was 4.1 days. There were no major inpatient...

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