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JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The relationship between criminal justice involvement and housing among homeless persons with co-occurring disorders was examined. Program participants assisted in moving to stable housing were interviewed at baseline, six months, and discharge. Those who remained homeless at follow-up and discharge had significantly more time in jail in the past month than those who were housed. However, criminal justice involvement was not significantly...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Housing Economics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Between 2007 and 2014 in the United States, national counts of the homeless population decreased as permanent supportive housing (PSH) for the homeless increased. Using a panel dataset from all communities across the country during this period, I investigate the effect of PSH on homeless population sizes. I first estimate the association between PSH beds and homeless counts, controlling for all time-invariant community-...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose:

In 2014, Korea ranked as the first among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries on the prevalence, incidence, and mortality of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). The prevalence of TB among the homeless was 6.4% in the United State and 7.1% in South Korea. The aim of this study is to develop predicting indicators of TB by analyzing homeless people who visit the public hospital emergency department (ED). ...

JOURNAL NAME: Women's Health Issues
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is the leading intervention to end chronic homelessness. Little is known, however, about gender differences, including potential disparities in physical and mental health and social support, that might inform services available through PSH.

Methods

This study included 421 homeless adults, at least 39 years old, English- or Spanish-speaking, who were moving into PSH through 26 different...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

This research examined the sustainability of Canada's At Home/Chez Soi Housing First (HF) programs for homeless persons with mental illness 2 years after the end of the demonstration phase of a large (more than 2000 participants enrolled), five-site, randomized controlled trial. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 142 participants (key informants, HF staff, and persons with lived experience) to understand sustainability...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract  The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the largest provider of hepatitis C virus (HCV) care nationally and provides health care to >200 000 homeless veterans each year. We used the VHA’s Corporate Data Warehouse and HCV Clinical Case Registry to evaluate engagement in the HCV care cascade among homeless and nonhomeless veterans in VHA care in 2015. We estimated that, among 242 740 homeless veterans in care and 5 424 712...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Despite the media's attempt to perpetuate the image of the homeless loner, and the work of some early researchers suggesting homeless persons were isolated from both informal and formal networks of support (e.g., Bahr, 1973; Bogue, 1963; Rossi, 1989), research has clearly demonstrated the opposite (e.g., Irwin, LaGory, Ritchey, & Fitzpatrick, 2008; LaGory, Ritchey, & Fitzpatrick, 1991; Reitzes, Crimmins, Yarbrough, &...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

The current longitudinal study used mixed methods to examine the relationship of housing and neighborhood characteristics and community integration among a population of homeless and vulnerably housed individuals. Participants were recruited at homeless shelters, meal programs, and rooming houses in Ottawa, Canada, and participated in 3 in-person interviews, each approximately 1 year apart. Participants were placed into either a “...

ORGANIZATION: Medicine Hat Poverty Reduction Leadership Group
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The city of Medicine Hat, credited as being the first to end homelessness, is ready for their next challenge, to end poverty in all its forms and ensure wellbeing for all citizens by 2030. The THRIVE Strategy to end poverty, is a collaboration between the group leading the charge, The Poverty Reduction Leadership Group and a substantial number of community members who provided their valuable input and lent their voices to the creation of plan...

ORGANIZATION: Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Early Childhood Development Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Corporation for Supportive Housing (CSH)
RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Supportive housing for families with young children is an ideal environment to increase parent/caregiver understanding of how they can positively impact early learning. Being exposed to a safe, stable, and developmentally appropriate environment while young is important to healthy child development. This new tool contains recommendations for making supportive housing, both scattered site and single site, safe and developmentally appropriate...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the health, housing and social service needs of the hidden homeless. It has been estimated that 80% of all people experiencing homelessness are hidden homeless, and because they remain 'hidden', resources are not allocated to provide this vulnerable population with support.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a descriptive, case series research design.

METHODS: Participants were...

ORGANIZATION: Y-Foundation, The Building and Social Housing Foundation (BSHF)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The rapid rise in homelessness, evident across much of Europe, should give us cause for concern. In a recent Housing Europe report it was suggested that ‘the number of people experiencing homelessness has increased in all [EU] countries under review except for Finland’. Without action, increasing numbers of people will die on the streets or have their life chances severely diminished. If we want to prevent this we can learn from those...

ORGANIZATION: Office of Homeless Youth, A Way Home Washington
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless Youth. These two words do not belong together. And yet, at least 13,000 young people in Washington State are without a safe and stable place to call home. Many have run from dys- functional and sometimes violent homes, been kicked out for their gender identity or sexual orientation, or separated from their family due to poverty, drug and alcohol addiction, or mental health issues. Yet they all have one thing in common – they are our...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Poverty Institute; Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Canadian Poverty Institute and the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness are pleased to announce the launch of the Canadian Poverty Hub. The Poverty Hub will be an online repository of relevant research with respect to the causes and impacts of poverty, as well as policies and best practices in poverty prevention and reduction. The Poverty Hub will be integrated with the existing Homeless Hub to provide a searchable database for...

JOURNAL NAME: Studies in Social Justice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper presents a qualitative analysis of stories of adults who transitioned from being absolutely homeless to becoming housed. Participants’ stories are particularly salient for what they reveal about this transition in the midst of other challenges including substance use, criminalization, and violence, and within a neo-liberal social policy context. Through strategies of narrative analysis, two interconnected processes of becoming...

ORGANIZATION: Choices for Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Choices for Youth's 2015-2016 annual report. 

On average, CFY work with more than 1000 at-risk and homeless youth every year, helping them set and achieve goals for a healthy transition into adulthood.

As we continue to grow and evolve, our reach has extended to identifying and alleviating a range of barriers that youth face in attaining healthy and stable living conditions. We are actively involved in voicing the concerns of...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Honoraria are tokens that acknowledge the time and contributions donated by research participants.

Communities that conduct Point-in-Time Counts offer honoraria to participants, including money, gift cards, granola bars, backpacks, clothing, blankets, and other items detailed in this paper. The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness has previously commented on the use of honoraria in the ...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

British Columbia is the only province or territory in Canada that stubbornly refuses to develop a poverty reduction plan. This is not because BC doesn’t have a poverty problem. In fact, despite being one of Canada’s wealthiest provinces, BC has among the highest poverty rates in the country—13.2 per cent according to the Market Basket Measure (MBM), which we believe most accurately estimates current poverty. This makes BC’s poverty rate the...

ORGANIZATION: Gay and Lesbian Foundation of Australia
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
GALFA LGBTI Homelessness Research Project Stage 1 Report LGBTI Homelessness: Preliminary findings on risks, service needs and use

The pervasiveness of homelessness, both in Australia and abroad, has led to concerted efforts to understand its causes and to develop effective policies and programs that provide short and long-term supportive housing solutions to rebuild lives. Existing research feeding into policy priorities has identified a...

JOURNAL NAME: Georgia Public Health Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background:

During an outbreak of tuberculosis (TB) in the homeless population of metropolitan Atlanta, education of homeless service providers (HSPs) about the implementation of local infection control measures was imperative to limiting the spread of TB and to preventing future outbreaks.

Methods:

By use of educational sessions and teaching posters, two interventions were designed to focus educational efforts from November 2014 to...

JOURNAL NAME: Primary Health Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless people face huge health inequalities. The life expectancy of someone who sleeps rough is 30 years lower than the national average, and there are significant barriers to accessing healthcare. Homeless people are much less likely to be registered with a GP and poor links to primary care leads to higher use of emergency services. To reduce these stark inequalities, a different approach to healthcare is necessary, especially in major...

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Very little is known about the personal goals of homeless people and how these relate to their quality of life (QoL). By using survey data on 407 homeless adults upon entry to the social relief system in 2011, we examined the personal goals of homeless adults and the association between their perceived goal-related self-efficacy and their QoL. A hierarchical regression analysis was used to analyse the association between QoL and goal-related...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Medical Research Methodology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

The Government of Cambodia has committed to supporting family care for vulnerable children, including homeless populations. Collecting baseline data on the numbers and characteristics of homeless adolescents was prioritized to illuminate the scope of the issue, mobilize resources and direct the response.

Methods

Administrative zones across seven cities were purposively selected to cover the main...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Housing instability is associated with costly patterns of health and behavioral health service use. However, little prior research has examined patterns of service use associated with higher costs among those experiencing ongoing housing instability. To address this gap, we compared inpatient and outpatient medical and behavioral health service utilization and costs between veterans experiencing brief and ongoing episodes of housing...

ORGANIZATION: National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This brief is designed for state and local child nutrition program administrators, cafeteria managers, State Coordinators for Homeless Education, and local homeless education liaisons. It explains the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Child Nutrition Division (CND) policies regarding eligibility for free school meals for certain homeless, migrant, runaway, and foster students; addresses frequently asked questions about implementing...

JOURNAL NAME: Western Journal of Nursing Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless service providers (HSPs) are on the frontlines of caring for the most vulnerable populations to help them navigate out of homelessness and access health and social services. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand, from the perspectives of HSPs (N = 19; age range, 27-58 years; SD = 10.37), their account and experiences in working with homeless women (HW), and opportunities for intervention development and integration...

JOURNAL NAME: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective: 

To determine whether two Housing First configurations (scattered site [SS] versus congregated site [CS]) are associated with different health-related outcomes.

Methods: 

This ecological study employed a longitudinal, quantitative design to compare the outcomes from 63 individuals (SS: n=37; CS: n=26) in Sydney, Australia, over 12 months.

Results: 

Both configurations showed similar improvements in quality of life and...

JOURNAL NAME: Organization Studies
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

If I were to say that the architecture in our public spaces is ‘really speaking to us’, you would be forgiven for thinking this is a piece about the aesthetics of our cities. In some ways in fact, it is, but not in any artistic sense. I am not discussing a collection of monuments, town houses or grandiose buildings. Alas, the architecture I talk of is more humble and yet perhaps more sinister. There is a message encoded into it, within our...

JOURNAL NAME: JAMA Pediatrics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Importance  

A systematic compilation of children and youth’s reported reasons for street involvement is lacking. Without empirical data on these reasons, the policies developed or implemented to mitigate street involvement are not responsive to the needs of these children and youth.

Objective  

To systematically analyze the self-reported reasons why children and youth around the world become street-involved and to analyze the...

ORGANIZATION: Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Rooming houses in Halifax have experienced significant loss in recent decades. Up to 90% of the stock (AHANS, 2014) was lost due to social, economic, and regulatory factors. While only 17 licensed rooming houses remain in Halifax, over a hundred illegal rooming houses may exist in the city (Lee, 2016; SHS Consulting, 2015). The illegal rooming houses are often called “quasi” rooming houses by municipal staff and typically house students near...

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