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RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 1991, thousands of South Sudanese boys walked into Kenya. Having fled war in their own countries, about 20 thousand of these "lost boys" first tried taking refuge in Ethiopia. With no real options to stay, many were killed on their walk back to South Sudan or while attempting to swim the crocodile infested River Gilo, before entering Kenya. Between 7 thousand and 10 thousand were estimated to have made it alive to Kenya at that time, with...

ORGANIZATION: York Region
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

As the Region has grown and housing costs have increased, the number of households experiencing homelessness in the Region has also increased. Despite the fact that most homeless residents do not use emergency housing (shelters) there has been a steady increase in households using emergency housing, which has been mitigated by more recent Regional innovation. At the same time, a growing number of households in York Region are at risk of...

ORGANIZATION: Strategies and Partnerships Branch, Community and Health Services Department, the Regional Municipality of York
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

This information sheet highlights low income trends in York Region from 2000 to 2012 using Statistics Canada’s Small Area and Administrative Data. This is data generated from income tax returns to provide information on income and some demographic indicators (age and family type) for residents across Canada – including York Region.

ORGANIZATION: York Region
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

The Regional Municipality of York partners with the Federal Government along with other municipalities across Canada to collect emergency housing data through the Homelessness Individuals and Families Information System (HIFIS). This information helps to address resident needs and focus current and future resources. This data also contributes to a profile of homelessness in Canada. Data summarized in this fact sheet has been provided by York...

ORGANIZATION: The Regional Municipality of York and United Way Toronto & York Region
RESOURCE TYPE: Homeless Count
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Safe, affordable, housing is a foundation for people’s well-being. A home gives people the stability and emotional security to live, work and raise their families. This, in turn, builds strong and inclusive neighbourhoods and long-term social and economic growth for the region. Despite an important focus on housing affordability and progress in York Region on homelessness initiatives in recent years, demographic growth, economic trends and a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study seeks to identify a shortlist of key mechanisms of policy capacity that can support Canadian public sector organizations to deliver policy and program innovation and excellence in an increasingly complex context. A mixed-methods approach is used in this applied research study to analyze three Canadian public sector case studies’ adoption of innovative initiatives and understand the key aspects of each jurisdiction’s policy capacity...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Faced with growing visibly homeless populations, urban areas have adopted laws and policies targeting the activities poor people do in public spaces. This book provides an easy-to-read and empirically-grounded analysis of how homeless persons experience various policing efforts. The author uses field interviews with homeless adults in a major Canadian city to challenge broken windows policing, anti-panhandling bylaws, informal police...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2012

This study explores two asset-building approaches that social housing providers in BC could use to help their tenants move out of poverty and become more self-suficient. The two approaches are: the Family Self-Suficiency (FSS) program developed in the United States and a program of Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). These approaches are used widely in the United States and are supported by government funding.

This study addresses...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness; A Way Home Canada; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

With the release of Without a Home: The National Youth Homelessness Survey (2016), we now have national data on youth homelessness for the first time in Canada. The mental health findings of this report are startling:

85.4% of homeless youth were experiencing a mental health crisis 42% of homeless youth reported at least one suicide attempt 35.2% of homeless youth reported having at...
ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) is urging the federal government to table a budget that makes good on its promises to reduce income inequality and drive inclusive growth.

A strong federal government role in creating affordable housing is vital for multiple reasons. First, low-income households (particularly households relying on social assistance) simply can’t afford the monthly rent required of most types of housing...

ORGANIZATION: Texas Network of Youth Services (TNOYS)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Texas public school districts identified 113,063 students who experienced homelessness during the 2014-2015 school year (approximately 2% of public school students in the state), including 12,1011 unaccompanied homeless students.11 This is an increase from the number of homeless students identified and reported by Texas school districts in previous years, partially due to improved data collection and reporting methods for homeless students.12...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness not only causes poor outcomes for the families and individuals affected; it is costly to communities, states, and taxpayers. Children experiencing homelessness are particularly vulnerable to negative outcomes, and more likely to become homeless as adults. The homeless population is diverse, and multiple, interacting structural and individual factors may lead to homelessness. Rigorous research suggests that access to affordable...

ORGANIZATION: Wisconsin HOPE Lab
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

Food and housing insecurity among the nation’s community college students threatens their health and wellbeing, along with their academic achievements. Addressing these basic needs is critical to ensuring that more students not only start college, but also have the opportunity to complete degrees.

This report presents findings from the largest survey ever conducted of basic needs insecurity among college students. In...

ORGANIZATION: Wilfrid Laurier University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the summer of 2014, the Region of Waterloo received funding towards rent assistance that would help to house 40 individuals experiencing persistent homelessness in the community. The Region was interested in evaluating the impacts of the addition of rent assistance to its STEP Home (Support to End Persistent Homelessness) program in order to guide the future direction of these services. Results from the study indicate that (1) rent...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This is the first national Australian longitudinal study investigating the economic, personal and social costs of youth homelessness over time across a broad range of locations.

Too many young Australians are without any form of safe and secure accommodation. It is estimated that approximately 44,000 Australians under the age of 25 are homeless, but the actual number is likely to be higher. Homeless young people comprise some 42 per...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract BACKGROUND:

Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population.

METHODS:

Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Policy Debate
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article estimates the impact of local housing and labor market conditions on area homelessness using the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD’s) annual point-in-time counts of homelessness from 2007 to 2014. In cross-sectional models, the median rent, the share of households in rental housing, and the poverty rate have strong positive impacts on homelessness. Once area-fixed effects are included, only the median rent...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Service Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Survival sex is associated with many health problems, including increased substance use and HIV risk. Current research on survival sex among homeless individuals has given little attention to the unique effects of how length and number of homeless episodes influence engagement in survival sex. Using secondary data analysis from the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS) (N = 783), the authors examined the relationship of days...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Children’s development between birth and age 5 is one of the most critical and exciting periods in a person’s lifespan. From the explosions in language and motor abilities, to the expansion of cognitive skills and higher level functioning, this timespan encompasses some of the earliest developmental necessities for further growth. Unfortunately, almost half of the nation’s children have experienced at least one type of childhood trauma during...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Psychology Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Youth runaway behavior and homelessness (RHY) in the U.S. is increasingly common, with prevalence estimated at 1–1.7 million youth. RHY have multiple, overlapping problems often including poor physical and mental health, frequent street victimization, and histories of physical and sexual abuse. Further, current street victimization interacts with childhood abuse to produce complex, unique presentations of traumatic symptoms and...

JOURNAL NAME: OPEN TUYU
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Military veterans are at an increased risk for homelessness. Of the United States population, 10% are veterans. Of the homeless adult population, veterans account for 16%, which equates to approximately 66,000 on any given night. Typically, homeless veterans who served during the Vietnam era, are older and report physical and psychological problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, and alcohol or drug dependencies. Challenges that affect their...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Among a sample of individuals identifying as homeless (N′ = 275), this study modeled the relationship between the psychological well-being variables of hope, life satisfaction, positive emotions, and health related quality of life (HRQoL). Specifically, covariance based structural equation modeling (CB-SEM) was used to test a prior theory that life satisfaction serves as an antecedent of HRQoL with hope and positive emotions as mediators....

JOURNAL NAME: CMAJ
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

After dinner in the basement hall of St. Patrick’s Church in central Toronto, volunteers with Out of the Cold begin clearing the concrete floor so sleeping mats can be laid out. Some 80 or so homeless people will be staying overnight.

One of them is 54-year-old Angela, who lost her home six years ago during a period of severe mental instability. She pushes back her dinner plate wearily and reaches for her cane. It’s been snowing...

JOURNAL NAME: International Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study in the state of New South Wales, Australia, explored what Specialist Homelessness Services are currently implementing in regard to consumer participation, what is working and what barriers to consumer participation have been encountered by both service users and providers. Three staff members, one consumer volunteer and 10 homeless persons from three services were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis....

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness has been a serious social problem in the United States dating back to the Great Depression and continuing through every economic downturn. Increases have been related to poor public policy. Although federal, state, and local funding have been allocated for emergency homeless shelters, these shelters have only met the needs of a small percentage of the homeless in the United States. This study evaluated perspective of homeless...

ORGANIZATION: Alcohol Research UK
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

Approximately 10% of the population in the UK are estimated to have been homeless at some point in their lifetime (Crisis 2014) and there were 2,744 rough sleepers identified in England in 2014 (Department for Communities and Local Government 2015). Alcohol misuse is both a cause and effect of homelessness (Shelter 2007) and is considered to be a major health risks amongst the homeless (Crisis 2002). This research used life...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of a System Planning Framework is to paint a picture of a strategic and inclusive system that meets the needs of anyone experiencing homelessness. In this picture, all people in the Homeless-Serving System of Care, including agency staff, government representatives, or mainstream partners, understand where they fit as part of something bigger. Calgary Homeless Foundation aims to inspire a vision of an interconnected response,...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Picture a responsive, adaptive, Homeless-Serving System of Care, where all of us have a part to play in helping people find their way home. In this picture, all people in the system, including agency staff, government representatives and mainstream partners understand where they fit, as part of something bigger.

The System Planning Framework’s purpose is to guide the painting of this picture. A strategic and inclusive system that meets...

JOURNAL NAME: European Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is the most visible indicator for social marginalization and vulnerability. It is a risk factor for subsequent health threats and especially individuals with a history of trauma, substance use and severe persistent mental illness are at high risk to loose their homes, jobs and social networks.

The Canadian At Home/Chez Soi study aimed to better understand the entanglement of homelessness and mental illness and possible...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric Services in Advance
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objectives:

This study aimed to identify challenges and facilitators of sustaining a Housing First intervention at the conclusion of a research demonstration project in Toronto.

Methods:

This qualitative study included key informant interviews with organizational leaders (N=13) and focus groups with service team members (N=14) and program participants (N=9) of the At Home/Chez Soi Research Demonstration Project. Thematic analysis was...

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