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JOURNAL NAME: Journal of American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Homelessness affects an estimated 1.6 million US youth annually. Compared with housed youth, homeless youth are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors, including inconsistent condom use, multiple sex partners, survival sex, and alcohol/drug use, putting them at increased sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk. However, there is no national estimate of STD prevalence among this population.

Methods

We identified 10...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While there has been work done on homeless populations, and policies regarding homeless shelters, there has been minimal sociological research into the case workers and shelters that work with the homeless to aid them in getting into housing. I studied a day shelter for the homeless in East Tennessee that utilizes a “housing first” method. There I interviewed eleven employees, volunteers, and board members of my chosen shelter, East Tennessee...

JOURNAL NAME: Diversity and Equality in Health and Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of health care providers in an acute care setting delivering care to pregnant women who are experiencing homelessness. In recent years, the number of women experiencing homelessness has significantly increased. In North America, the emerging homeless profile is that of a younger person and more often women. Living in precarious housing situations increases one’s risk for...

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Chronically homeless individuals often have extensive health, mental health and psychosocial needs that pose barriers to obtaining and maintain supportive housing. This study aims to qualitatively explore supportive housing providers’ experiences and challenges with housing chronically homeless individuals and examine opportunities to improve supportive housing systems of care. In 2014, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 65...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Health care for the homeless is a major problem in American communities. Understanding the gaps, barriers and limitations in this system is imperative to providing homeless populations appropriate care. This research aims to understand the gaps in the homeless system of Worcester, Massachusetts through interviews with hospital staff and employees of agencies working with the homeless population. Analysis revealed an extremely divided system...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless college students face many obstacles in higher education. These students are the invisible population on campuses that are sometimes forgotten. Despite facing many challenges and barriers, these students continue to pursue a degree of higher education. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences and obstacles homeless college students face while they word toward a degree. Understanding how successful homeless college...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper presents HEALER, a software agent that recommends sequential intervention plans for use by homeless shelters, who organize these interventions to raise awareness about HIV among
homeless youth. HEALER’s sequential plans (built using knowledge of social networks of homeless youth) choose intervention participants strategically to maximize influence spread, while reasoning about uncertainties in the network. While previous work...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Housing Economics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This study evaluates the community impact of the first four years of Homebase, a homelessness prevention program in New York City. Family shelter entries decreased on average in the neighbourhoods in which Homebase was operating. Homebase effects appear to be heterogeneous, and so different kinds of averages imply different-sized effects. The (geometric) average decrease in shelter entries was about 5% when census tracts are weighted equally...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychological Services
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is committed to preventing and ending homelessness among U.S. veterans, but there have been few estimates of the incidence of veteran homelessness and prospective studies to identify predictors of homelessness. This study examines the 1-year incidence of homelessness among veterans seen in VA specialty mental health clinics and identified sociodemographic and clinical predictors of homelessness. Using a...

ORGANIZATION: District of Nipissing Social services Administration Board (DNSSAB)
RESOURCE TYPE: Homeless Count
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

North Bay PiT Count results presentation delivered on June 21, 2016 to the District of Nipissing Social services Administration Board (with speaking notes).

ORGANIZATION: District of Nipissing Social services Administration Board (DNSSAB)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Homeless Individuals and Families Information System (HIFIS), is a data management tool used by service providers to assist in their daily operations. It also provides information to the community about individuals and families who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and the supports and services they access. In 2015, two service providers used HIFIS Crisis Centre North Bay Four Elms Residence and Low Income People Involvement (LIPI). ...

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Organized by the Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness (CAEH) the 20,000 Homes Campaign is a "national movement of communities working together to permanently house 20,000 of Canada's most vulnerable people experiencing homelessness by July 1, 2018."

In 2014, Waterloo Region was the first community in Canada to join the campaign and pilot a Registry Week. The Waterloo Region Campaign Progress Report (2014-March 2017) identifies...

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Region of Waterloo Housing Services has produced the 2016/17 Housing Stability Data Summary to inform the community of current trends in housing and homelessness in Waterloo Region. The Data Summary includes information for the last three years on emergency shelter use, income, rental housing affordability and...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Policy and Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The youth foyer model was designed to provide a package of support, including accommodation to homeless or at-risk young people, based on participation in education, training and/or employment as a supported transition to independent living and a sustainable livelihood. Commencing in the early 1990s, the UK has developed a large number of foyers while Australia is a relative newcomer to this kind of supportive youth housing. Unlike in the UK...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
JOURNAL NAME: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Excessive alcohol use among the homeless may contribute to their high rates of emergency department use. Survey-based studies have provided some information on the relation between alcohol and emergency department use among the homeless.

Methods

This study used an intensive schedule of random breath collections and self-report assessments to examine the relation between emergency department utilization and alcohol use in...

JOURNAL NAME: Mental Health and Illness in the City
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This chapter describes the Pathways Housing First (PHF) model. This program pioneered the practice of offering choices to individuals with co-occurring psychiatric and addiction diagnoses including the option to move directly from homelessness into a place of their own with supports. Pathways offered housing as a right, not something that must be earned through participating in psychiatric treatment or attaining a period of sobriety....

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a complex social issue that is of increasing concern to most developed nations.

Homelessness is more than not having a house; it is a form of social exclusion and carries significant physical, psychological, and social challenges. The broad aim of the current thesis was to investigate how the psychological and social aspects of the homeless experience can influence outcomes, such as well-being. In particular, the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Blog
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Imagine having to decide between buying a tampon or buying your lunch. For guys this may be an easy answer, but now imagine you are Anne, a lifelong resident of San Francisco, who is informed that her landlord has tripled her rent and is now left without a home, followed by a job layoff. For Anne, this is a decision she now must face every month, for about a week. That constitutes 12 weeks each year where she has to decide between self...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Although research has been sporadic, the available evidence indicates that gender is consistently associated with differentiated trajectories through homelessness in Europe. Women’s pathways through homelessness have been linked to domestic violence, women being ‘protected’ by welfare systems when dependent children are living with them and an apparently greater tendency for women to use and exhaust informal support, rather than homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In their article in the June 2016 edition of this journal, Johnson and Pleace articulate a number of critiques of the Homelessness Outcomes Star (HOS) on grounds ranging from its theoretical underpinnings to the supporting research and guidance for use. However, it is important to note that the authors have themselves not used the tool with service users or received training in the use of the tool. Nor have they carried out any primary...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Microaggressions are brief and often unintentional daily acts that communicate insults or negative messages to marginalized individuals or groups. Most research on microaggressions comes from psychology and higher education and focuses on the interpersonal effects of the target of the microaggression. Additionally, the research focuses predominantly on racial microaggressions. This qualitative study focused on microaggressions targeted at...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A disturbing dilemma in our nation today is the plight of homeless veterans. A systematic review of literature was done on the topic of Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) approaches with homeless veterans. The importance of understanding and using a trauma-informed care model with this at risk population became evident from the review. The project will use a TIC educational module for staff and volunteers to enhance their knowledge to deliver trauma-...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

Runaway and homeless youth (RHY) are among the most vulnerable youth globally. The United Nations Convention on Rights of the Child (UNCRC) states that all children have the right to the highest level of health, and that universal healthcare rights are afforded to RHY and all children. Social determinants of health are universal factors that frame the experiences of RHY as facilitators or barriers for accessing healthcare. The purpose...

ORGANIZATION: Hub for Urban Initiatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

“Did you become homeless for the first time during the past 12 months?” was a question added to the 2017 homeless count and survey instrument for unsheltered adults and unaccompanied children under age 18 for the Southern California counties of San Bernardino and Ventura.

Urban Initiatives helped design the count and survey instrument for both counties. The instrument included the questions necessary to meet the total population and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Research regarding the homeless and their interactions with law enforcement is sparse. The current study examines the perceptions homeless men and women have of police officers in the Fargo-Moorhead area. Data for this study was collected via fifty-one semi-structured interviews with guests at three homeless shelters in the Fargo-Moorhead area. Roughly half of those interviewed have a positive opinion of police officers. The results...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Vulnerable populations in the United States experience disparities in access to advance care planning and may have significant unmet healthcare needs at the end of life, including unrelieved suffering. People who are homeless have increased morbidity and mortality risks, yet lack opportunities to discuss end-of-life preferences. A Doctor of Nursing Practice project consisted of designing, implementing, and evaluating an educational...

JOURNAL NAME: Family & Consumer Sciences Research Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the last few years, tiny houses have been promoted as a new, eco-friendly housing solution to combat the current waste of the housing industry. This article provides a review of the current literature regarding tiny houses and an examination of tiny house communities through the lens of the three-pronged approach to sustainability. This approach encompasses environmental, social, and economic considerations to provide a holistic...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless and at-risk homeless women spend time in homeless centers where their time, behaviors, relationships and bodily functions are dictated by the institutions. This study looks at how women relate to their peers and staff in the homeless center as well as how they relate to menstruation. By both conducting participant observation and interviews at a homeless drop- in center, I aim to understand homeless women’s experiences in the shelter...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Drug Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Vancouver is an international leader in implementing interventions to reduce harms related to drug use. However, street-involved young people who use drugs continue to be vulnerable to overdose death, hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and high rates of syringe sharing. To better understand this in the context of the intensive public health response, we examined how young people, who are involved in the ‘street drug scene’, understood,...

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