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JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Background: Homelessness is associated with enormous health inequalities, including shorter life expectancy, higher morbidity and greater usage of acute hospital services. Viewed through the lens of social determinants, homelessness is a key driver of poor health, but homelessness itself results from accumulated adverse social and economic conditions. Indeed, in people who are homeless, the social determinants of homelessness and...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Drug Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract Background

Several studies suggest that U.S. state-level legalization of cannabis for medical purposes may be associated with reductions in opioid use; yet its relationship with stimulant use, particularly in high-risk populations like unstably housed women, has received less attention. The purpose of this study was to estimate independent associations between medical and non-medical use of cannabis and use of stimulants and opioids...

JOURNAL NAME: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017


Abstract Background

Although the initiation of injection drug use has been well characterized among at-risk youth, factors that support or impede cessation of injection drug use have received less attention. We sought to identify socioeconomic factors associated with cessation of injection drug use among street-involved youth.

Methods

From September 2005 to May 2015, data were collected from the...

JOURNAL NAME: Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Summary

Canada is a geographically large, high-income country with a population of approximately 35 million. Canada’s population is ethnically diverse and is growing annually due to strong immigration policies. Canadians enjoy a health system that is based on the principle of universality and is made up of a series of socialized health plans that differ by the province where a person lives. In addition, a person who lives in Canada (e.g.,...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal For Innovative Research In Multidisciplinary Field
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

This study examines the effect of frequent school and home mobility on the academic achievement of homeless children and the possible responses of society, governments, and schools to ensure long-term success and achievement of homeless children. Furthermore, it examines the problem of homeless children in the classroom and describes research-based solutions to address barriers and improve the chances for academic success. In a...

JOURNAL NAME: British Dental Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

The UK charity Crisis originated in 1967 as a response to the increasing numbers of homeless people in London, and the first Crisis at Christmas event for rough sleepers was established in 1971. Since then, Crisis has provided numerous services over the Christmas period to the most vulnerable members of society. One of these is the Crisis at Christmas Dental Service (CCDS) which provides emergency and routine dental care from 23–29...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

This paper examines the issue of poverty among people with serious mental illness (SMI), positioning it as a key issue to be confronted by community mental health systems and practitioners. The paper reviews three perspectives on poverty, considering how each sheds light on poverty among people with SMI, and their implications for action: (a) monetary resources, (b) basic needs, and (c) capabilities. The paper argues that community...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Family Issues
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Homelessness has consequences for families, including risk of deterioration in the health of their members, disruption of family dynamics, and separation of parents and children. This study used qualitative interviews to explore pathways into and perceived consequences of homelessness among 18 families living in an emergency family shelter system in Canada. Findings showed that families’ experiences prior to their homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Homeless youth represent a chronically vulnerable segment of society whose mental health needs, despite their acuity and complexity, are often unmet. This article describes the development and implementation of a pilot mental health group intervention, the Housing Outreach Project–Collaborative Wellness and Mindfulness Group, for young people in their first year of transitioning from homelessness/precarious...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
ABSTRACT

Objective: Emotion regulation and social processes that longitudinally predict depressive symptom change have not yet been investigated as mechanisms of change within a residential treatment context for homeless veterans with substance use issues. 

Methods: A longitudinal data analysis of 186 homeless veterans enrolled in a six-month residential rehabilitation and addiction treatment program was conducted to investigate...

JOURNAL NAME: The Lancet
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Summary Background

Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with ...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

A significant amount of attention has been paid to the experiences of young people who have spent time in foster care. Policies and programs have focused on providing independent living services to youth currently in care and services to those who were formerly in foster care but are living independently. The...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Student-Run Clinics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Background: We evaluated the Reach Out and Read program in a student-run clinic serving homeless women and children. Objectives were to improve documentation of book delivery and provision of anticipatory guidance in electronic health records (EHRs) and determine changes in student managers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards pediatric literacy.
Methods: We evaluated eligible pediatric visits (N=201) and compared the...

JOURNAL NAME: National Drugs Library
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Objectives: To determine the proportion of those that are homeless attending the Mater Misericordiae Hospital's (MUH) psychiatric service, including those presenting to accident and emergency who were homeless, and to compare the homeless group with the non-homeless so as to obtain a profile of this group. Methods: All adults over 16, referred for psychiatric assessment, attending A&E were included, as were those attending outpatient...

JOURNAL NAME: BMJ Open
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Introduction
People who are homeless often experience poor hospital discharge arrangements, reflecting ongoing care and housing needs. Specialist integrated homeless health and care provision (SIHHC) schemes have been developed and implemented to facilitate the safe and timely discharge of homeless patients from hospital. Our study aims to investigate the health outcomes of patients who were homeless and seen by a selection of SIHHC...

JOURNAL NAME: Environmental Criminology: Spatial Analysis and Regional Issues
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

This is a demographical exploration of a wide variety of topics, which are as follows: gender, race, age, employment, substance abuse, mental illness, physical illness, veteran status, government assistance, physical & sexual abuse, hunger, and space. All of these topics were explored in conjuncture to ascertain who the homeless are. To explore this topic, data from LAHSA (Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority)...

JOURNAL NAME: Nursing Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background 

Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting.

Objective 

The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper begins by setting the 2016-2019 Action Plan for Preventing Homelessness in Finland, hereafter the ‘Action Plan’, in the context of the wider Finnish homelessness strategy. Following a summary of the Action Plan, the paper then undertakes a critical analysis of the preventative approach being taken, considering the strengths of the Finnish approach and the challenges that exist in reducing Finnish homelessness. The paper concludes...

JOURNAL NAME: Urban Resource
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Singapore is a country that prides itself on providing cheap affordable public housing for its citizens. Nonetheless, the increased visibility of older people sleeping rough in public spaces has led to a contentious debate in recent years about why they are becoming homeless. The article first examines this debate from the different interpretations offered by the government, the national print media and local internet blogs and forums....

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Housing instability poses a challenge for the positive developmental trajectories of youth. Nevertheless, youth possess the knowledge, fortitude and resiliency to meet the needs and challenges of navigating housing instability. Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) methods coupled with Social Justice Youth Development (SJYD) were utilized with 6 youth experiencing housing instability accessing educational, life skill, and...

JOURNAL NAME: Parity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Not all women who experience housing stress or need homelessness services are (or will identify as) 'escaping domestic violence', but all are affected by being women in a society with entrenched patterns of women being subjected to violence of various kinds. They may also have ongoing impacts from experiences of violence throughout their life-course. Conversely, not all women trying to build lives free of violence need or want...

JOURNAL NAME: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract BACKGROUND:

The number of homeless people in Germany is increasing. Studies from multiple countries have shown that most homeless people suffer from mental illnesses that require treatment. Accurate figures on the prevalence of mental illness among the homeless in Germany can help improve care structures for this vulnerable group.

METHODS:

We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of mental...

JOURNAL NAME: Deutsches Ärzteblatt international
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract BACKGROUND:

The homeless are often in poor health, and their risk of premature death is three to four times that of the general population. This article is intended to provide an overview of the medical care of the homeless in Germany.

METHODS:

We selectively reviewed pertinent scientific and non-scientific publications from the years 2000-2017 that were retrieved from PubMed, from the reports of the German Homeless Aid...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe an intervention with a group of homeless men from the Horn of Africa, service users of the Horn of Africa Health and Wellbeing Project in London. The group was conceived by the second author who noted the presence of significant psychosocial issues for her clients, but equally their reluctance to access mainstream mental health or social care services.

Design/...
JOURNAL NAME: Research on Social Work Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless children are more likely to have social skills deficits relative to same aged peers and may benefit from a social skills intervention. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the Let’s Be Social application with the addition of behavioral skills training (BST) to teach social skills to children who were homeless.

JOURNAL NAME: Housing, Care and Support
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the programmatic effectiveness of a post-incarceration support service, Jail In-Reach, to rapidly and permanently re-house newly released offenders with a documented history of homelessness, substance abuse and mental health disorders.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were obtained from SEARCH Homeless Services using the Adult Texas Recommended...

JOURNAL NAME: Behavioral Sciences
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017


Abstract: 


Background: Cocaine use is highly prevalent among homeless populations, yet little is known about how it is financed. This study examined associations of income sources with cocaine use and financing of drugs in a longitudinal evaluation of a homeless sample. 


Methods: A homeless sample was recruited systematically in St. Louis in 1999–2001 and longitudinally assessed annually over two years using...
JOURNAL NAME: Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
This study investigated the efficacy of a smartphone-based cognitive behavioral intervention for substance use among homeless youth at one shelter in Chicago. Homeless youth demonstrate high rates of psychiatric disorders, but there are significant barriers to mental health services. Previous studies indicate that mobile phones are easily accessible and frequently utilized by homeless youth, so mobile technology is a potential platform for...
JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2016, we detected an outbreak of group A Streptococcus (GAS) invasive infections among the estimated 1000 persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) in Anchorage, Alaska. We characterized the outbreak and implemented a mass antibiotic intervention at homeless service facilities.

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is associated with many risks such as increased morbidity, mortality and increased use of health services. However, there are few long-term follow-up studies on homeless. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognosis of homeless shelter users in terms of morbidity and housing outcomes and to identify factors that predict being independently housed 10 years later.

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