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JOURNAL NAME: Professional School Counseling
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This qualitative study explored the experiences of 23 school counselors in addressing the needs of students experiencing homelessness. Phenomenological analysis revealed two overarching themes: (a) school counselors as the first line of support and (b) the desire to help while feeling helpless. Findings suggest that participants feel underprepared to support the needs of students experiencing homelessness. They face challenges identifying...

JOURNAL NAME: Cureus
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Learners in the emergency department (ED) frequently encounter individuals who are homeless. We sought to evaluate the effect of an inner city emergency medicine rotation at the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH) on the attitudes of medical students and residents towards this population.

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Both loneliness and a lack of social integration are associated with serious physical and psychological health issues. One population highly susceptible to social isolation and loneliness are individuals who are homeless, who also experience high rates of mental disorder and relationship breakdown. Despite this, little research has explored how social networks, isolation and loneliness are experienced for those with a history of homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Health Education & Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The homeless represent an extremely disadvantaged population that fare worse than minority groups in access to preventive services and health, and minority groups fare worse than Whites. Early detection screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) saves lives, but empirical data about CRC screening practices among homeless Blacks and Whites are limited. Psychosocial risk factors may serve as a barrier to CRC screening completion among homeless Black...

JOURNAL NAME: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Since the homeless are at greater risk of encountering health problems than the general population, the reasons for and incidence of their presentations to emergency departments also vary. The purpose of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish homeless patients who brought to the emergency department by ...

JOURNAL NAME: MMU Psychology Journal (Dissertations)
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Previous research into youth homelessness has primarily focused on specific aspects within one’s homeless experience. This study offers exclusive access to four young adults who experienced homelessness as adolescents. Exploration of their retrospective experiences has the potential to inform professionals of the key influences involved in helping one exit homelessness successfully. Participants were recruited through opportunity sampling,...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Purpose: To assess whether the current food security measurement tool used in Canada, the Canadian Community Health Survey, is appropriate for use with homeless adults.

Methods: The Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM), a validated measurement tool utilized for determining the food security status of Canadian households, was used with a group of homeless men (n = 40). In-depth interviews were also conducted with...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this study was to develop and pretest a human trafficking screening tool (HTST) to capture the victimization experiences of young people involved in the child welfare (CW) and runaway and homeless youth (RHY) systems, as practitioners in these systems lacked such a consensus screening tool. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) contracted with the Urban Institute to develop this tool in response to the 2014...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Christian Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Caring for vulnerable and marginalized populations is a central tenet of professional nursing, and of Christian service. Due to the scope and complexities of problems associated with homelessness, nurses may feel overwhelmed and ill-equipped to serve homeless individuals. Strategies for ending homelessness largely include resource-intensive, publically supported housing and comprehensive physical and mental health services. The role of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Every March, the Ontario Association of Food Banks (OAFB) network of members and agencies participates in Food Banks Canada’s National Hunger Count Survey.  The Ontario Association of Food Banks uses this data, which is provided by the food bank network, to analyze yearly trends related to food insecurity and the food bank use. The annual Hunger Report is released each December, and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Does the posture of people experiencing homelessness affect our judgments about them? Is our perception of their capability or approachability affected by whether they are standing or sitting? To investigate this question experimentally, photographs featuring 5 men and 5 women in 5 different posture positions (standing, leaning, squatting, sitting, and laying) were presented to 50 participants in an online survey. Participants rated the...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Sciences
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In response to growing concerns about the rising number of runaway and homeless youth (RHY) in the U.S., researchers have sought to improve the scientific understanding of health and mental health needs, as well as the social resources available to these youths. In this paper, we examine the relationship between personal support network resources and the mental health status of a sample of RHY (N = 693) surveyed in metro-Atlanta, Georgia. The...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Could an AI decision aid improve housing systems that assist homeless youth? There are nearly 2 million homeless youth in the United States each year. Coordinated entry systems are being used to provide homeless youth with housing assistance across the nation. Despite these efforts, the number of homeless youth still living on the street remains very high. Motivated by this fact, we initiate a first study to create AI decision aids for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

On any one night, there are 105,000 people experiencing homelessness in Australia with many more living in insecure housing, one step away from being homeless. As part of the 2017 election campaign promise to reduce inefficiencies in the public sector, the Western Australian Labor Party announced the amalgamation of the new Department of Community Services. The ergonomics of this timely reassessment of the machinery of government provides a...

JOURNAL NAME: Gender Panic, Gender Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The following ethnographic study was conducted to better understand the site-specific, qualitative impact of organizational, taken-for-granted assumptions and practices regarding gender and family life in the reproduction of on-the-ground gender inequality. More specifically, this case study considers the consequences of organizational assumptions consistent with Bem’s (1993) three “lenses of gender” – androcentrism, essentialism, and...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Field Methods
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Conducting intervention studies with homeless populations can be difficult, particularly in terms of retaining participants across multiple sessions and locating them for subsequent follow-up assessments. Homeless youth are even more challenging to engage due to substance use, mental health problems, wariness of authority figures, and frequent relocations. This article describes methods used to successfully recruit a sample of 200 homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To assess chronic healthcare conditions among homeless veterans identifies as having a catastrophic disability (>50% impairment).

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017


Research Objectives

To investigate the prevalence of disability and PTSD among Veterans identified as homeless or at risk of homelessness.


Design

This was a retrospective study using administrative data from two large VA’s locates in a large metropolitan area supplemented with utilization data provided by Chicago Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (CHITREC).

To investigate...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Youth aging out the child welfare system are being transitioned out of the child welfare system with few interventions in place to support their move to independence. In...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study examines how Americans view the homeless, and how their perceptions are influenced by the race and gender of homeless individuals. It seeks to replicate and extend the research of Phelan, Link, Moore, and Stueve, and uses their findings as a point of departure. Phelan et al. established twenty years ago that the homeless label imposes a stigma, which induces the public to distance themselves from those to whom it is applied....

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this project is to explore the services needed by elders who first became homeless in later life. The U.S. Census Bureau projects the elderly homeless population will increase by 33 percent by 2020. Compared with younger counterparts, older homeless people are more isolated and refuse to use traditional services. Findings from surveys, observations and interviews suggest mobile outreach is an efficient strategy to reach out to...

JOURNAL NAME: Addictive Behaviors Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, ...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable,...

JOURNAL NAME: Humanomics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper aims to study the specific factors causing suburban-dwelling elderly American women to patronize different soup kitchens in Pennsylvania and investigate how non-profit and government agencies could better meet the needs of this food-insecure population, to fill a significant gap in the growing literature on food insecurity in high-income countries.

JOURNAL NAME: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Health solutions for the poor
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study was conducted in Atlanta, GA, during an ongoing outbreak of drug-resistant TB among PEH that began in 2008.7 Atlanta has a population of about 5.7 million, with a homeless population estimated at 4317 in 2015.9,10 The metropolitan area is primarily located in Fulton County, where there was an average of 55 cases of TB per year from 2008 to 2015, and 36% of TB cases occurred among PEH.7 The county’s public health response to the...

JOURNAL NAME: Research on Social Work Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective: To test the effectiveness of Houvast: a strengths-based intervention for homeless young adults. Method: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted with 10 Dutch shelter facilities randomly allocated to an intervention and a control group. Homeless young adults were interviewed when entering the facility and when care ended. Repeated-measures analyses and logistic regression analyses were conducted by the principle of...
JOURNAL NAME: Contraception
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

 In this cross-sectional study, 54 homeless women in Chicago who were at risk of unintended pregnancy were surveyed via structured in-person interviews regarding their pregnancy intentions, contraceptive preferences and barriers to obtaining effective contraception.

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This chapter explores and synthesises what welfare agencies perceive to be the main consequences of austerity on their day-to-day operations. Issues that concern financial barriers (unemployment benefits and uninsured persons), organisational deficiencies (strict shelter admission regulations and/or lack of expertise), or cultural constraints (stigmatisation and discrimination in public health services) are placed within a broader perspective...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Estimates and maps of different forms of homelessness and poverty in Athens are produced by using FEANTSA’sETHOS typology and Hopper’s classification of visible and invisible homelessness. Findings suggest a significant increase of (visible) homelessness mostly concerning people in various shelters and recently arrived immigrants, while roofless street persons are less numerous than expected. Existing provisions cannot address the dramatic...

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