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ORGANIZATION: Choices for Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Choices for Youth's 2015-2016 annual report. 

On average, CFY work with more than 1000 at-risk and homeless youth every year, helping them set and achieve goals for a healthy transition into adulthood.

As we continue to grow and evolve, our reach has extended to identifying and alleviating a range of barriers that youth face in attaining healthy and stable living conditions. We are actively involved in voicing the concerns of...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Honoraria are tokens that acknowledge the time and contributions donated by research participants.

Communities that conduct Point-in-Time Counts offer honoraria to participants, including money, gift cards, granola bars, backpacks, clothing, blankets, and other items detailed in this paper. The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness has previously commented on the use of honoraria in the ...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

British Columbia is the only province or territory in Canada that stubbornly refuses to develop a poverty reduction plan. This is not because BC doesn’t have a poverty problem. In fact, despite being one of Canada’s wealthiest provinces, BC has among the highest poverty rates in the country—13.2 per cent according to the Market Basket Measure (MBM), which we believe most accurately estimates current poverty. This makes BC’s poverty rate the...

ORGANIZATION: Gay and Lesbian Foundation of Australia
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
GALFA LGBTI Homelessness Research Project Stage 1 Report LGBTI Homelessness: Preliminary findings on risks, service needs and use

The pervasiveness of homelessness, both in Australia and abroad, has led to concerted efforts to understand its causes and to develop effective policies and programs that provide short and long-term supportive housing solutions to rebuild lives. Existing research feeding into policy priorities has identified a...

JOURNAL NAME: Georgia Public Health Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background:

During an outbreak of tuberculosis (TB) in the homeless population of metropolitan Atlanta, education of homeless service providers (HSPs) about the implementation of local infection control measures was imperative to limiting the spread of TB and to preventing future outbreaks.

Methods:

By use of educational sessions and teaching posters, two interventions were designed to focus educational efforts from November 2014 to...

JOURNAL NAME: Primary Health Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless people face huge health inequalities. The life expectancy of someone who sleeps rough is 30 years lower than the national average, and there are significant barriers to accessing healthcare. Homeless people are much less likely to be registered with a GP and poor links to primary care leads to higher use of emergency services. To reduce these stark inequalities, a different approach to healthcare is necessary, especially in major...

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Very little is known about the personal goals of homeless people and how these relate to their quality of life (QoL). By using survey data on 407 homeless adults upon entry to the social relief system in 2011, we examined the personal goals of homeless adults and the association between their perceived goal-related self-efficacy and their QoL. A hierarchical regression analysis was used to analyse the association between QoL and goal-related...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Medical Research Methodology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

The Government of Cambodia has committed to supporting family care for vulnerable children, including homeless populations. Collecting baseline data on the numbers and characteristics of homeless adolescents was prioritized to illuminate the scope of the issue, mobilize resources and direct the response.

Methods

Administrative zones across seven cities were purposively selected to cover the main...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Housing instability is associated with costly patterns of health and behavioral health service use. However, little prior research has examined patterns of service use associated with higher costs among those experiencing ongoing housing instability. To address this gap, we compared inpatient and outpatient medical and behavioral health service utilization and costs between veterans experiencing brief and ongoing episodes of housing...

ORGANIZATION: National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This brief is designed for state and local child nutrition program administrators, cafeteria managers, State Coordinators for Homeless Education, and local homeless education liaisons. It explains the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Child Nutrition Division (CND) policies regarding eligibility for free school meals for certain homeless, migrant, runaway, and foster students; addresses frequently asked questions about implementing...

JOURNAL NAME: Western Journal of Nursing Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless service providers (HSPs) are on the frontlines of caring for the most vulnerable populations to help them navigate out of homelessness and access health and social services. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand, from the perspectives of HSPs (N = 19; age range, 27-58 years; SD = 10.37), their account and experiences in working with homeless women (HW), and opportunities for intervention development and integration...

JOURNAL NAME: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective: 

To determine whether two Housing First configurations (scattered site [SS] versus congregated site [CS]) are associated with different health-related outcomes.

Methods: 

This ecological study employed a longitudinal, quantitative design to compare the outcomes from 63 individuals (SS: n=37; CS: n=26) in Sydney, Australia, over 12 months.

Results: 

Both configurations showed similar improvements in quality of life and...

JOURNAL NAME: Organization Studies
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

If I were to say that the architecture in our public spaces is ‘really speaking to us’, you would be forgiven for thinking this is a piece about the aesthetics of our cities. In some ways in fact, it is, but not in any artistic sense. I am not discussing a collection of monuments, town houses or grandiose buildings. Alas, the architecture I talk of is more humble and yet perhaps more sinister. There is a message encoded into it, within our...

JOURNAL NAME: JAMA Pediatrics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Importance  

A systematic compilation of children and youth’s reported reasons for street involvement is lacking. Without empirical data on these reasons, the policies developed or implemented to mitigate street involvement are not responsive to the needs of these children and youth.

Objective  

To systematically analyze the self-reported reasons why children and youth around the world become street-involved and to analyze the...

ORGANIZATION: Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Rooming houses in Halifax have experienced significant loss in recent decades. Up to 90% of the stock (AHANS, 2014) was lost due to social, economic, and regulatory factors. While only 17 licensed rooming houses remain in Halifax, over a hundred illegal rooming houses may exist in the city (Lee, 2016; SHS Consulting, 2015). The illegal rooming houses are often called “quasi” rooming houses by municipal staff and typically house students near...

ORGANIZATION: FEANTSA
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The goal of this research was to explore whether the recent humanitarian crisis in the EU has had an impact on homelessness services. The study explores the role played by the homelessness sector in providing accommodation and other basic services for three groups:

Asylum applicants (those who have asked for asylum and are waiting to be assessed) Refugees (in this report, this term is used to cover people granted international protection...
JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Which came first, the chicken or the egg? When analyzing the relationship between poverty and crime, one is faced with similar paradigm. This chapter will bring to light to cyclical nature of poverty as it relates to crime and crime as it relates to poverty. We will also consider some solutions that have been attempted to destigmatize a person whose crime is not violent but is survival or biological.

Is it a crime to be poor? After...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

The purpose of this article is to deepen the understanding of the impact of the social and economic crisis on homeless people in Spain. To this end we present the results of research carried out prior to the crisis and later updated in the midst of the economic recession, underscoring the main results obtained in both periods and tracing their evolution. The number of homeless people in Spain has risen as a result of the crisis. Moreover,...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Background: It is unclear why rates of homelessness claims in England have risen since 2010. We used variations in rates across local authorities to test the impact of economic downturns and budget cuts.

Methods: Using cross-area fixed effects models of data from 323 UK local authorities between 2004 and 2012, we evaluated associations of changes in statutory homelessness rates with economic activity (Gross Value Added per capita),...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Homelessness among older people in Canada is both a growing concern, and an emerging field of study. This article reports thematic results of qualitative interviews with 40 people aged 46 to 75, carried out as part of a mixed-methods study of older people who are homeless in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Our participants included people with histories of homelessness (n = 14) and persons new to homelessness in later life (n = 26). Interviews...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This study examined the association of housing status over time with unmet physical health care needs and emergency department utilization among homeless and vulnerably housed persons in Canada. Homeless and vulnerably housed individuals completed interviewer-administered surveys on housing, unmet physical health care needs, health care utilization, sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and health conditions at baseline and...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Recovery Services Task Force
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2015, a committee of representatives from 26 homeless serving agencies, government, and other community stakeholders came together to consider ways of collaboratively responding to the complex healthcare and housing needs of homeless individuals in Calgary. The shared goal of this committee is the improvement of health outcomes and housing supports for the city’s most vulnerable homeless individuals. This report outlines seven key...

ORGANIZATION: Employment and Social Development Canada
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This report provides a first look at the key findings of the 2016 Coordinated Point-in-Time (PiT) Count. These findings include the basic demographics of participants surveyed, as well as their reported experiences of homelessness, their income sources and their reasons for losing their housing. The results highlighted in this report are based on the surveys conducted across the 32 participating communities. These surveys were done in large...

ORGANIZATION: Community Partners in the Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership: Halifax
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Background

Rooming houses, or single room occupancies (SROs), are part of the private rental market in Halifax Regional Municipality. Historically this form of housing was common for both the working class and short-term visitors (Slater, 2004). However, over time, rooming houses have experienced declining numbers, with shifts in market conditions and changing tenant characteristics. Today, rooming houses provide an alternative for those...

ORGANIZATION: University of North Dakota
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Abstract

The purpose of this report is to identify changes needed in provincial policy and current gaps in service within the Youth Services Program, the overarching governmental program for youth of Newfoundland and Labrador who are unable to live with their families of origin and/or are without sufficient familial supports. A trauma informed lens is utilized and best and promising practices are reviewed including recent Canadian research...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives Manitoba
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Abstract

While it is widely recognized that Aboriginal people are over-represented in the urban homeless population, most research has focused on Aboriginal homelessness in metropolitan areas. Very little attention has been paid to the issue in small northern towns. The small amount of research that has been done on the topic suggests that there are also challenges associated with Aboriginal homelessness in more remote urban areas, and that...

ORGANIZATION: Mental Health Commission of Canada National Qualitative Research Team for the At Home/Chez Soi Project
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

The current research examines the policy impacts of the AHCS project beyond the demonstration project period. Part of a larger study about the sustainability of the services and their long-term impacts, the current report examines AHCS’s wider impact on homelessness policy in Canada. The study describes how efforts to achieve sustainability in a limited sense – that is, to attain transitional funding and secure a “safe...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Central to a transformational approach to conflict is the idea that conflicts must be viewed as embedded within broader relational patterns, and social and discursive structures—and must be addressed as such. This implies the need for systemic change at generative levels, in order to create genuine transformation at the level of particular conflicts. Central, also, to this book is the idea that the origins of transformation can be momentary,...

JOURNAL NAME: Parity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Evidence continues to pile up from the United States, Canada, Europe, the United Kingdom and Australia that Housing First Programs can end homelessness for people who have been chronically homeless. These programs are not new to Australia. However, they have not been widely funded and where they do exist limited outreach capacity and a lack of dedicated housing stock has constrained their capacity to reduce street homelessness in an...

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