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RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This longitudinal research study followed 40 young people over a two-year period in order to examine the factors, experiences and circumstances that impact their homeless and housing situations over time. Ten family members also participated in the study. This research finds young people who are homeless are living in limbo. Only 24% of young people left homelessness during the two-year course of the study, a significant drop on previous...

JOURNAL NAME: Cities
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper assesses how gender, housing, austerity and the right to the city inter-relate with reference to female lone parents from East London, the site of the 2012 Olympic Games. In so doing, the paper draws upon qualitative research undertaken with lone parent mothers living in temporary accommodation. The women's housing experiences are embedded within a deepening of neoliberal welfare cutbacks and restructuring under what Peck (...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There is intense debate over the legitimacy of interventions which seek behavioural change on the part of street homeless people. ‘Hard’ measures, such as arresting people for begging, are particularly controversial, but ‘softer’ interventions such as motivational interviewing have also prompted objections on grounds that they are paternalistic. At the same time, the ‘non-interventionist’ stance of some service providers has been accused of...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Housing and Renewal Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The CHRA Indigenous Housing Advisory Caucus recently undertook a survey of 135 Indigenous housing providers in urban and rural areas to benchmark the status of Indigenous employment among housing providers, obtain information on training experiences, and learn how organizations are faring as subsidy agreements expire. The survey did not include housing providers on First Nations.

Funding for this research was provided by the Government...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the structure of meaning of the lived experience of establishing a home after a period of homelessness. Fourteen semi-structured interviews were conducted using a unique line of inquiry based upon story theory and hermeneutic phenomenology. Questions were posed beginning with the present daily life in a home, followed by the previous experience of homelessness, and ending with establishing...

JOURNAL NAME: Harm Reduction Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Housing First is an evidence-based practice intended to serve chronically homeless individuals with co-occurring serious mental illness and substance use disorders. Despite housing active substance users, harm reduction is an often-overlooked element during the Housing First implementation process in real-world settings. In this paper, we explore the representation of the Housing First model within the open-access scholarly...

JOURNAL NAME: Research on Social Work Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

This randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy between the Social Enterprise Intervention (SEI) and Individual Placement and Support (IPS) with homeless youth with mental illness to assess their impact on nonvocational outcomes.

Method

Seventy-two homeless youth were recruited from one agency and randomized to the SEI (n = 36) or IPS (n = 36) conditions. Over 20 months, SEI participants received four SEI components, and...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Interventions are needed to address frailty and other behaviors (e.g., drug and alcohol use) among prefrail and frail homeless women (P/FHW). The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to compare the efficacy of a Frailty Intervention (FI) versus a Health Promotion (HP) program among P/FHW (N = 32). Structured instruments assessed sociodemographics, individual, situational, health-related, and behavioral factors. While...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Rural homelessness is an understudied subset of homelessness population in the United States. Yet, the rural homelessness has important distinguishing characteristics and barriers to care that make addressing the problems of this population more difficult than their urban counterparts. Given that rural communities face barriers of their own, HUD’s Continuum of Care framework allows for such communities to overcome these barriers in the long-...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless intake verification requires the witnessing and recording of an individual’s homelessness to access resources. The invasiveness of this verification causes shame, distrust, and perpetuates negative stereotypes of homelessness. This paper argues that verification should be modified to promote more trusting relationships and break negative stereotypes. A shift from a negotiated exchange to a reciprocal exchange will help build more...

JOURNAL NAME: Preventive Medicine Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Concern about post-cessation weight gain is a barrier to making attempts to quit smoking; however, its effect on smoking cessation is unclear. In this study we examine cessation-related weight concern among the homeless, which hasn't been studied.

Homeless males (n = 320) and females (n = 110) participating in a smoking cessation RCT in the Twin Cities, Minnesota from 2009 to 2011 completed surveys on cessation-related weight...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Open
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The growth of online higher education has presented important questions for social workers in academia. Can a human-based profession be properly taught online? In macro courses, are social work students able to gain a complex understanding of human experience, social justice, and oppression without the benefit of face-to-face debate and dialogue? In an undergraduate social welfare policy course, pre and post anonymous opinions surveys were...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

How a social enterprise uses football and digital media to bring the problems and perceptions of homelessness into play.

Homelessness—one of the world’s most intractable, wicked problems, which is compounded by poor awareness and great stigma—affects millions of people worldwide. Combining an event involving a globally recognised sport—football (soccer)—and an array of digital media tools and techniques, the Homeless World Cup (HWC)...

JOURNAL NAME: Health & Place
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study examines aspects of neighbourhood social environments (namely, neighbourhood safety, cohesion and connection) and child-specific built environment attributes in relation to children's independent mobility. The results suggest that children aged 8–13 years with parents who perceive their neighbourhood as more cohesive and more connected, and are located closer to school, engaged in higher levels of independently mobile trips....

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study identifies differences between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women engaged in street prostitution in Sudbury, Ontario using an Indigenous Research Paradigm. A sample of twelve women engaged in street prostitution were interviewed using the Prostitution Questionnaire developed by Dr. Melissa Farley of Prostitution Research & Education. Additional questions of regional and cultural relevance were added. A comparison group of nine...

JOURNAL NAME: Frontiers in Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a social, economic, and political crisis in the United States. In particular, the US–Mexico Border region has seen a surge of homelessness, specifically among veterans, women victims of intimate partner violence, and immigrants. In 2014, 12 persons in El Paso, TX, with experience of being homeless used the photovoice methodology to participate in a project titled, “The Voices and Images of the Residents of the Opportunity...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Life would become even harder for thousands of Oregon’s poorest children if lawmakers fail to fill a budget gap. The legislature’s budget writers have proposed a list of cuts to Oregon’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program that they are prepared to make in the absence of new revenue.

TANF helps families that have fallen on hard times avoid homelessness and get back on their feet. Many are single women and children...

JOURNAL NAME: CHEST Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Whereas high risk groups such as asylum seekers are systematically screened for tuberculosis (TB) upon entry in Switzerland, this strategy does not apply to homeless despite a potentially elevated risk of TB. Geneva City Social Services operate shelters for homeless each winter. Shelters are underground facilities with 10 to 20-bed rooms. Every year, ≈ 1000 persons are accommodated. Geneva Health and Social Authorities implemented a...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Active substance use and unstable housing are both associated with increased emergency department (ED) utilization. This study examined ED health care costs among a cohort of substance using and/or homeless adults following an index ED visit, relative to a control ED population. 

Methods

Consecutive patients presenting to an inner-city ED between August 2010 and November 2011 who reported unstable housing and/or who had a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In almost all communities in North America, the number of youth experiencing homelessness exceeds the capacity of housing resources available to youth. This situation leaves communities with the terrible predicament of trying to decide whom to prioritize for the precious few housing spots available at any given time. For adults, this same dynamic exists and many communities have turned to vulnerability assessment tools to help them make these...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

To analyze patient perspectives on the role of housing in their potentially preventable hospitalization.

Methods

Individuals admitted with cardiovascular-or diabetes-related diagnoses (n = 90) in a major medical center in Hawai'i completed an in-person interview eliciting patient perspectives on key factors leading to hospitalization. Using the framework approach, two independent coders identified themes. This study focused...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To combat the associated risk of food deserts in low-income neighborhoods and stimulate reinvest in the community, the City of Binghamton should establish a food cooperative in the North Side to ensure access to affordable and nutritious food.

Binghamton, NY has a poverty rate of 33.9 percent and two designated food deserts: The most prominent being the North Side. The USDA defines a food desert as an area in a low-income community...

JOURNAL NAME: Building and Environment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In comparison to building energy performance, assessment of the impact of energy upgrades on indoor air quality and occupant comfort has received little attention.

Concentrations of indoor air pollutants in fifteen, three bed semi-detached co-operative social dwellings were monitored before and after an energy upgrade during the winter periods of 2015 and 2016. The fifteen dwellings consisted of seven cavity wall (CW) dwellings and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

On October 14th about 40 Saskatonians, most with the lived experience of housing insecurity, provided many suggestions for our 1st National Housing Strategy. This is a summary but not a complete list, starting with the most commonly heard comments where possible.

JOURNAL NAME: The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

Homelessness has been identified as an important risk factor for suicide death, but there is limited research characterising homeless people who die by suicide. The goal of this study is to identify personal, clinical, and suicide method-related factors that distinguish homeless and precariously housed people who die from suicide from those who are not homeless at the time of suicide.

Methods

Coroner records were reviewed for...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Housing & Renewal Association 2014
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

CHRA's 49th National Congress on Housing and Homelessness brought together Canadian and international practitioners, policy makers, front line workers, government officials, and key stakeholders from across the affordable housing and homelessness sector for three days of professional development and engagement. The program included workshops, Keynotes, Mobile Tours, social events and more.

Presentations from the Congress workshops are...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This thesis attempts to answer a research question: Does homelessness contribute to the readmission of acute psychiatric admission with those diagnosed with schizophrenia? A quantitative, retrospective study was conducted using a sample of one hundred and thirty-six patients who were admitted to an acute care hospital in Texas between the dates of January 01, 2015 through December 31, 2016. Data were collected from existing patient records of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The aim of this paper is to analyse to what extent the previous status of children in poverty affects current child poverty, even when we control for observed and unobserved individual heterogeneity and treat the initial condition problem. On the basis of Wooldridge’s (2005) methodology, we estimate a dynamic random effects probit model considering three levels due to the hierarchical structure of our data: observations for each year (level 1...

JOURNAL NAME: Coastal Engineering Proceedings
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

An agent-based model (ABM) is developed to explore the effects of storms and sea level rise (SLR) on soft-engineered coastal management actions and households’ housing decisions at the coastal town of Nags Head in North Carolina, USA. The ABM links the behavior of household agents (individual homeowners) and town agents (coastal managers) with morphological coastal evolution caused by long-term erosion, sea level rise, and storms. Storm...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Through most of history cities have grown slowly, organically following the contours formed by the intersection of geography and commerce - with occasional guidance from master planners - to create resilient and equitable forms. But the industrial age begat zoning, new forms of taxation, and hastened infrastructure investments, all of which upended centuries of measured and incremental growth. Codified separation of distinct land uses...

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