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RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Each year approximately 700,000 individuals return home from state prisons in the United States and an additional 9 million are released from county jails and more than ten percent of those coming in and out of prisons and jails are homeless in the months preceding their incarceration (Council on State Governments, 2016). Being homeless, unstably housed, or living in a high crime neighborhood all heighten someone’s risk of reoffending (...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness; A Way Home Canada
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

With the release of Without a Home: The National Youth Homelessness Survey (2016), we now have robust national data on youth homelessness for the first time in Canada. The research findings on the relationship between youth homelessness and child welfare involvement are unsettling:

57.8% of youth experiencing homelessness reported some type of involvement with child protection...
ORGANIZATION: A Way Home Canada, The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

With the release of Without a Home: The National Youth Homelessness Survey (2016), we now have robust national data on the links between youth homelessness and child welfare involvement. Without a Home, conducted by the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness in partnership with A Way Home Canada, surveyed 1,103 youth experiencing homelessness across Canada. Youth in 42 different...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Pour un meilleur accès au logement des femmes victimes de violences

Chaque année, 216 000 femmes sont victimes de violences de la part de leur conjoint.

Le 8 mars 2017, à l’occasion de la journée internationale des droits des femmes, une circulaire a été signée pour accorder aux femmes victimes de violences un accès prioritaire à un logement social, et leur éviter si possible le recours à un hébergement temporaire.

Dans la...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Housing instability (inability to pay rent, frequent moves, moving in with others/doubling up, eviction, or homelessness) is common among low-income households and is linked with a host of negative outcomes for families and children. As rents have risen and wages have not kept pace, housing affordability has declined over the last 15 years, increasing rates of housing instability. Yet, to date, no research has examined whether the Earned...

JOURNAL NAME: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A systematic review of the literature was conducted to investigate suicidal self-directed violence and homelessness among US military veterans, and identify existing suicide prevention strategies. In November 2015, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published since 1990 investigating self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Data were...

JOURNAL NAME: Substance Abuse
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Homeless Veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal healthcare services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of Veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. We aimed to describe H-PACT Veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use...

JOURNAL NAME: CMAJ Open
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Limited evidence on the costs of homelessness in Canada is available. We estimated the average annual costs, in total and by cost category, that homeless people with mental illness engender from the perspective of society. We also identified individual characteristics associated with higher costs.

Methods

As part of the At Home/Chez Soi trial of Housing First for homeless people with mental illness, 990 participants were...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This dissertation consists of an introductory chapter; three quantitative papers, all using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study; and a discussion chapter. Chapter Two, “For us or the children: Exploring the association between coparenting trajectories and parental commitment,” is situated in commitment theory and estimates latent growth curves. Findings suggest that coparenting relationships among unmarried parents are...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A longitudinal randomized controlled trial tested whether access to permanent housing reduces child maltreatment among inadequately housed families under investigation for child abuse and neglect. The study followed homeless and child welfare-involved families randomly assigned to receive a referral for housing subsidies plus housing case management (n = 75, 196 children) or housing case management alone (n = 75, 186 children). Latent growth...

JOURNAL NAME: Child Development
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (Mage = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses revealed unique associations by risk domain: Higher sociodemographic risk predicted more externalizing behavior and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the United States, homelessness is often connected to traumatic events such as domestic violence, job loss, or post incarceration experiences, frequently resulting in substance use disorders, medical issues, and related mental illnesses. Although researchers have considered how homelessness and social service interventions affect sexual and gender minority youth, they have not adequately studied the causes and effects of homelessness among...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This qualitative Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) study explored the subjectivity of the phenomenon of homelessness among women with children. The study examined the perceived critical incidents homeless women with children ascribe to their homelessness alongside the perceptions held regarding the accessibility of available resources and recommendations by which to improve access to available resources. The study’s aim was to...

JOURNAL NAME: Human Rights International Research Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Homeless in their homeland is a dilemma with which Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) continue to live for decades. Unlike refugees they neither cross the borders nor seek asylum outside their countries. Further, the IDPs continue to seek protection from the very states which through their policies create situation of forced migration leading to displacement in subsequent years. This paper under the theme of interdisciplinary perspective on...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social History
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The rapid growth in homelessness beginning in the late 1970s posed one of the greatest social and political challenges for metropolitan America in the 1980s. This was especially the case in New York City, which had the largest homeless population of any city in the country. This article examines how a fledgling advocacy movement in New York pushed local policymakers to respond to this new urban crisis. It focuses especially on the efforts by...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Neurotrauma
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

We characterized traumatic brain injury (TBI) and studied its associations with mental and physical health in a community cohort of homeless and vulnerably-housed individuals. Methods: Detailed mental and physical health structured interviews, neuropsychological testing, and multimodal MRI were performed on 283 participants. Two traumatic brain injury (TBI) participant groups were defined for primary analyses: those with a self-reported...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Millions of individuals and families in the United States do not have access to stable housing. Recent policies in the United States emphasize programs intended to prevent homelessness through temporary financial assistance. This paper explores the impact of the largest homelessness prevention program in U.S. history, the Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Rehousing Program (HPRP), on residential instability, using a national sample of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Across Great Britain, tens of thousands of households approach local authorities for support with homelessness. The number of cases of all forms of homelessness has risen in England, while remaining steady in Scotland, though the number of people in temporary accommodation has risen dramatically. In Wales due to legislative changes, more people are having their homelessness prevented than ever before.

Between 2014 and 2016 rough...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

We are pleased to publish Health Matters, a report about the health needs of homeless people in Wales. We would like to thank our partners and colleagues from the Welsh Government, Shelter Cymru, local authorities, homelessness organisations and health services who helped us to conduct the audit, analyse the results and develop the recommendations. In particular, we are extremely grateful to the people who shared their views and experiences...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

Service access and acquisition are often complex and sometimes dangerous for transgender and gender expansive young people, who frequently experience stigma and discrimination and face systemic barriers including sex segregated programs and institutional practices that deny their own understanding and articulation of their gender. A common theme in the literature is recognition of the need for affirming services specifically designed to meet...

JOURNAL NAME: Qualitative Health Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Despite high frequencies of multiple, life-limiting conditions relating to palliative care needs, people who are homeless are one of the most underserved and rarely encountered groups in palliative care settings. Instead, they often die in care places where palliative competence is not available. In this qualitative single-case study, we explored the conditions and practices of palliative care from the perspective of staff at a Swedish...

JOURNAL NAME: rish Medical Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Estimates show that homelessness is increasing in Ireland. This study analysed the epidemiology of emergency hospitalisations among those experiencing homelessness between 2005-2014. All in-patient admissions to acute hospitals classified with ‘no fixed abode’ were extracted from the Hospital In-patient Enquiry System. Data were analysed using JMP. There were 2,051 in-patient emergency admissions of people classified with ‘no fixed abode’...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Women with serious mental illness (SMI) have disproportionately worse breast cancer profiles than those of other women. The purpose of this project was to examine barriers to and facilitators of breast cancer screening, specifically in formerly homeless women with SMI using the participatory methodology of concept mapping. A series of three concept mapping focus groups were held with 27 women over the age of 40 with a diagnosis of a SMI who...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Single-site Housing First (HF) is associated with reduced publicly funded service utilization and costs and alcohol-related harm for chronically homeless individuals with severe alcohol problems. Many residents, however, continue to experience alcohol-related problems after their move into single-site HF. Thus, it is necessary to explore areas for program enhancement after individuals move into single-site HF. To this end, we collected...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the past year the federal government has been working to develop a national housing strategy which is expected to be finalized in the fall.

Details of the upcoming national housing strategy announced so far point to the government’s response to many of the central themes raised in its national consultation. This response includes long-term and predictable funding, improving data collection and research, and an emphasis on a system...

ORGANIZATION: Rural Ontario Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness and Hidden Homelessness in Rural and Northern Ontario confirms the widespread prevalence of homelessness in rural and northern communities, even though it may be less visible. The research team analyzed recent Canadian Social Survey data and discovered that, compared to city dwellers, a higher percentage of people from rural Ontario reported that they had experienced homelessness or hidden homelessness.

The report explores...

ORGANIZATION: Wilfrid Laurier University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This report summarizes findings from a study conducted from 2013-16 of expanding Housing First (HF) in six Canadian communities: Fraser Valley, BC, Saskatoon, SK, Winnipeg, MB, Waterloo and York Regions, ON, and Halifax, NS. This research project, “Transforming Housing and Treatment Services for Chronically Homeless Persons with Mental Illness in Canada: A Systems Approach to Integrated Knowledge Translation,” was funded through the Canadian...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In March 2017, Vox Pop Labs, in consultation with the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness, conducted a study to understand public opinion regarding homelessness and housing in the Golden Horseshoe area. The study was fielded to Vox Pop Labs’ proprietary research panel; nearly 1,000 validated responses were collected between April 24 and April 27, 2017. The data was both pre- and post-stratified to ensure that the results discussed in this...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Canada has a strong track record of community-based research. The Social Sciences and Humanities Council of Canada (SSHRCC) has made partnership research one of the three main components of its funding architecture. Community Based Research Canada (CBRC) supports a national network of university and community researchers working on a broad range of projects addressing issues of high priority on the research and societal agendas. In November...

JOURNAL NAME: Communities and Technologies Conference
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

We report on an empirical study where neighbourhood stakeholders’ views of the Job Co-op future vision were investigated. Taking on the values of a grassroots service agency, while also drawing on emerging practices of peer-to-peer sharing systems, the Job Co-op matches homeless young people, up to age 30, to suitable jobs and job sponsors. Community members were invited to engage the future vision at a street fair exhibition, comprising a...

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