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JOURNAL NAME: Community College Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

Community colleges are gateways of access to higher education for many underrepresented students. One group that has received little attention in the community college research literature is homeless youth. The objective of this research is to address the following research questions: (a) What might be learned from the narratives of homeless youth and their experiences in postsecondary education? and (b) How might community colleges...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objectives

This study aimed to explore behavioural determinants of homeless patients' adherence to prescribed medicines using Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF).

Study design

A qualitative study using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews.

Methods

Participants were recruited from a homelessness primary healthcare centre in Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK). Face-to-face interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim....

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

The purpose of this research case study was to examine a post-secondary pilot program that provides education to select New York City homeless adults at a private university. In this study, the researcher examined how the Academy program assists homeless and disadvantaged adults to obtain post-graduate employment opportunities through academic preparation and personal development. Utilizing Putnam, Feldstein, & Cohen (2003) theory of...

JOURNAL NAME: Energy Research & Social Science
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Large differences between the expected and actual energy consumption have been found in energy efficient dwellings. Research has shown that these differences are partially caused by occupant behaviour. The financing and payback periods of low carbon technologies are often uncertain because of the impact of the occupants on building performance. This translates into a reluctance to invest in deep renovation projects. The goal of this design-...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Adult Protection
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Notwithstanding heightened awareness of the issues faced by homeless people, the notion that homelessness is the result of individual failings and weaknesses persists. The paper seeks to challenge that perception by giving voice to this marginalised group and exploring the mechanisms through which they made and remade as homeless. The paper highlights the spatial practices by which stigmatised groups come to be separated from mainstream...

JOURNAL NAME: Australian Health Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article highlights the dearth of accurate evidence available to inform the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) regarding the extent and nature of neurocognitive disability amongst homeless Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Without accurate prevalence rates of neurocognitive disability, homeless Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are in danger of not being counted by the NDIS and not receiving supports to...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing, Care and Support
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Many homeless people have significant levels of early adverse experiences and consequent mental health difficulties. This study examines the experiences of residents and staff living and working in a Psychologically Informed Environment (PIE), a new model of hostel for homeless people which aims to update and make more flexible the principles of the therapeutic community, thereby meeting the psychological and emotional needs of residents....

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Mental health is fundamental to an individual’s health and well-being. Mental health disorders affect a substantial portion of the Australian population, with the most vulnerable time in adolescence and young adulthood. Indigenous Australians fare worse than other Australians on almost every measure of physical and mental health. Cross-sectional data from young adults (21–27 years) participating in the Life Course Program, Northern Territory...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Drinking water insecurity and related health outcomes often disproportionately impact Indigenous communities internationally. Understanding media coverage of these water-related issues can provide insight into the ways in which public perceptions are shaped, with potential implications for decision-making and action. This study aimed to examine the extent, range, and nature of newspaper coverage of drinking water security in...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 1991, thousands of South Sudanese boys walked into Kenya. Having fled war in their own countries, about 20 thousand of these "lost boys" first tried taking refuge in Ethiopia. With no real options to stay, many were killed on their walk back to South Sudan or while attempting to swim the crocodile infested River Gilo, before entering Kenya. Between 7 thousand and 10 thousand were estimated to have made it alive to Kenya at that time, with...

ORGANIZATION: York Region
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

As the Region has grown and housing costs have increased, the number of households experiencing homelessness in the Region has also increased. Despite the fact that most homeless residents do not use emergency housing (shelters) there has been a steady increase in households using emergency housing, which has been mitigated by more recent Regional innovation. At the same time, a growing number of households in York Region are at risk of...

ORGANIZATION: Strategies and Partnerships Branch, Community and Health Services Department, the Regional Municipality of York
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

This information sheet highlights low income trends in York Region from 2000 to 2012 using Statistics Canada’s Small Area and Administrative Data. This is data generated from income tax returns to provide information on income and some demographic indicators (age and family type) for residents across Canada – including York Region.

ORGANIZATION: York Region
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

The Regional Municipality of York partners with the Federal Government along with other municipalities across Canada to collect emergency housing data through the Homelessness Individuals and Families Information System (HIFIS). This information helps to address resident needs and focus current and future resources. This data also contributes to a profile of homelessness in Canada. Data summarized in this fact sheet has been provided by York...

ORGANIZATION: The Regional Municipality of York and United Way Toronto & York Region
RESOURCE TYPE: Homeless Count
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Safe, affordable, housing is a foundation for people’s well-being. A home gives people the stability and emotional security to live, work and raise their families. This, in turn, builds strong and inclusive neighbourhoods and long-term social and economic growth for the region. Despite an important focus on housing affordability and progress in York Region on homelessness initiatives in recent years, demographic growth, economic trends and a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study seeks to identify a shortlist of key mechanisms of policy capacity that can support Canadian public sector organizations to deliver policy and program innovation and excellence in an increasingly complex context. A mixed-methods approach is used in this applied research study to analyze three Canadian public sector case studies’ adoption of innovative initiatives and understand the key aspects of each jurisdiction’s policy capacity...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Faced with growing visibly homeless populations, urban areas have adopted laws and policies targeting the activities poor people do in public spaces. This book provides an easy-to-read and empirically-grounded analysis of how homeless persons experience various policing efforts. The author uses field interviews with homeless adults in a major Canadian city to challenge broken windows policing, anti-panhandling bylaws, informal police...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2012

This study explores two asset-building approaches that social housing providers in BC could use to help their tenants move out of poverty and become more self-suficient. The two approaches are: the Family Self-Suficiency (FSS) program developed in the United States and a program of Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). These approaches are used widely in the United States and are supported by government funding.

This study addresses...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness; A Way Home Canada; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

With the release of Without a Home: The National Youth Homelessness Survey (2016), we now have national data on youth homelessness for the first time in Canada. The mental health findings of this report are startling:

85.4% of homeless youth were experiencing a mental health crisis 42% of homeless youth reported at least one suicide attempt 35.2% of homeless youth reported having at...
ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) is urging the federal government to table a budget that makes good on its promises to reduce income inequality and drive inclusive growth.

A strong federal government role in creating affordable housing is vital for multiple reasons. First, low-income households (particularly households relying on social assistance) simply can’t afford the monthly rent required of most types of housing...

ORGANIZATION: Texas Network of Youth Services (TNOYS)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Texas public school districts identified 113,063 students who experienced homelessness during the 2014-2015 school year (approximately 2% of public school students in the state), including 12,1011 unaccompanied homeless students.11 This is an increase from the number of homeless students identified and reported by Texas school districts in previous years, partially due to improved data collection and reporting methods for homeless students.12...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness not only causes poor outcomes for the families and individuals affected; it is costly to communities, states, and taxpayers. Children experiencing homelessness are particularly vulnerable to negative outcomes, and more likely to become homeless as adults. The homeless population is diverse, and multiple, interacting structural and individual factors may lead to homelessness. Rigorous research suggests that access to affordable...

ORGANIZATION: Wisconsin HOPE Lab
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Executive Summary

Food and housing insecurity among the nation’s community college students threatens their health and wellbeing, along with their academic achievements. Addressing these basic needs is critical to ensuring that more students not only start college, but also have the opportunity to complete degrees.

This report presents findings from the largest survey ever conducted of basic needs insecurity among college students. In...

ORGANIZATION: Wilfrid Laurier University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the summer of 2014, the Region of Waterloo received funding towards rent assistance that would help to house 40 individuals experiencing persistent homelessness in the community. The Region was interested in evaluating the impacts of the addition of rent assistance to its STEP Home (Support to End Persistent Homelessness) program in order to guide the future direction of these services. Results from the study indicate that (1) rent...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This is the first national Australian longitudinal study investigating the economic, personal and social costs of youth homelessness over time across a broad range of locations.

Too many young Australians are without any form of safe and secure accommodation. It is estimated that approximately 44,000 Australians under the age of 25 are homeless, but the actual number is likely to be higher. Homeless young people comprise some 42 per...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract BACKGROUND:

Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population.

METHODS:

Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Policy Debate
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article estimates the impact of local housing and labor market conditions on area homelessness using the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD’s) annual point-in-time counts of homelessness from 2007 to 2014. In cross-sectional models, the median rent, the share of households in rental housing, and the poverty rate have strong positive impacts on homelessness. Once area-fixed effects are included, only the median rent...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Service Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Survival sex is associated with many health problems, including increased substance use and HIV risk. Current research on survival sex among homeless individuals has given little attention to the unique effects of how length and number of homeless episodes influence engagement in survival sex. Using secondary data analysis from the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS) (N = 783), the authors examined the relationship of days...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Children’s development between birth and age 5 is one of the most critical and exciting periods in a person’s lifespan. From the explosions in language and motor abilities, to the expansion of cognitive skills and higher level functioning, this timespan encompasses some of the earliest developmental necessities for further growth. Unfortunately, almost half of the nation’s children have experienced at least one type of childhood trauma during...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Psychology Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Youth runaway behavior and homelessness (RHY) in the U.S. is increasingly common, with prevalence estimated at 1–1.7 million youth. RHY have multiple, overlapping problems often including poor physical and mental health, frequent street victimization, and histories of physical and sexual abuse. Further, current street victimization interacts with childhood abuse to produce complex, unique presentations of traumatic symptoms and...

JOURNAL NAME: OPEN TUYU
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Military veterans are at an increased risk for homelessness. Of the United States population, 10% are veterans. Of the homeless adult population, veterans account for 16%, which equates to approximately 66,000 on any given night. Typically, homeless veterans who served during the Vietnam era, are older and report physical and psychological problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, and alcohol or drug dependencies. Challenges that affect their...

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