Advanced Search

Search Results

JOURNAL NAME: Handbook of Missing Persons
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless youth face numerous challenging life circumstances, both prior to leaving home and while homeless. Examples of such difficult experiences include exceptionally high rates of pregnancy and early parenthood, particularly in comparison to their housed peers. This chapter reviews the complexity of causes, risk factors, and adverse outcomes associated with homeless youth pregnancy and early parenthood. Homeless youth pregnancy and early...

JOURNAL NAME: SSM- Population Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Living in cold housing conditions and risk of fuel poverty presents a range of physiological and psychosocial health risks. Limited research has specifically investigated the effects of fuel poverty on children and young people, and even less has been conducted with youth input into the research process.

Methods

The Cool? Study used mixed methods, participatory action research carried out with youth researchers involved at...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To test the Hispanic and Immigrant Paradoxes—i.e., survival advantages despite a worse risk factor profile—and the modifying role of neighborhood context, we examined associations between patient ethnicity, birthplace, neighborhood Hispanic density and neighborhood poverty among 166,254 female breast cancer patients diagnosed 1995–2009 in Texas, U.S. Of all, 79.9% were non-Hispanic White, 15.8% Hispanic U.S.-born, and 4.2% Hispanic foreign-...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study provides a place-centered analysis of homelessness among emerging adults (age 18–24) by examining this issue in the context of the U.S. Rust Belt. In-depth interviews were conducted with a diverse sample of 30 homeless young adults in the small post-industrial city of Buffalo, New York. Our qualitative analysis focused on how place intersects with other factors to shape participants' experiences of homelessness and their views of...

ORGANIZATION: Commitment to Equity (CEQ)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

We conducted a fiscal impact study to estimate the effect of taxes, social spending, and subsidies on inequality and poverty in El Salvador, using the methodology of the Commitment to Equity project. Taxes are progressive, but given their volume, their impact is limited. Direct transfers are concentrated on poor households, but their budget is small so their effect is limited; a significant portion of the subsidies goes to households in the...

ORGANIZATION: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

We study if the changes in U.S. house prices over the 2000s affected growth in student loans. Using household-level panel survey data, we find that as home prices fall households depend less on home equity extraction to finance college enrollment and depend more on student loans. We estimate that for every lost dollar of home equity credit that would have been used to finance college enrollment, households increase student loan debt by forty...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The paper presents a case on self-management in the Danish social housing sector as a way of providing affordable housing. It is based on an evaluation of a Danish concept for affordable housing, Social Housing Plus (“AlmenBolig+”). The concept was introduced in 2007, and so far app 1.400 housing units have been established. The concept includes a number of approaches to reduce the rent, some are “traditional” physical-technical approaches...

ORGANIZATION: Master of Public Health Thesis and Capstone Presentations
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a complex, multi-faceted and serious public health issue. Women and children are the fastest growing homeless population. Being a homeless family has implications on proper nutrition and the ability to develop consistent and positive relationships between parents and children. Maintenance of solid family relationships is a protective factor to protect parents, children, and families from the detrimental effects of homelessness...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Homeless are a vulnerable group and have worse physical and mental health as well as higher rates of premature mortality than the general population The aim of this study is to investigate the health status of homeless in Padova, Northern Italy, using SF-36 and EQ-5D questionnaires to better understand their health needs.

Methods We had face to face interviews with 73 homeless that live in city of Padova, Italy. We used the SF-...
RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There are 17,571 homeless women in Vrindavan, a major pilgrimage town in North India (State Government Report, 2012). The town is spread across 4.56 square kilometers and the number of homeless women is increasing continually (NCW, 2010). The living conditions are inadequate and the majority live below the poverty line (Rai, 2010). In the last two decades, various attempts have been made by the government and non government organizations to...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This compendium offers a wide range of considerations that any government or policy maker attempting to embed a basic income as an objective of their mandate ought to consider. The contributors to this compendium have different views on the risks and benefits of a basic income, but all agree that we must not waste this opportunity to rethink welfare and put equality and social justice back at the centre of public policy.

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Background:

The aim of this study is to capture the most important quality of life (QoL) needs identified by youth experiencing homelessness in the Region of Waterloo. Palepu, Hubley, Russell, Gadermann and Chinni originally conducted a similar study in 2012. Their study identified QoL needs for the broader homeless population. This research study intends to identify age-specific QoL needs specifically for the homeless youth population. Young...

JOURNAL NAME: Eye
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Purpose

To investigate the demographics, visual impairment, and diagnoses of patients presenting to Vision Care for Homeless People (VCHP), Crisis clinics for London’s under-researched homeless population.

Patients and methods

Two hundred eighty-three patients records, including data on sociodemographic, diabetic status, visual acuity, and ocular examination, via a comprehensive eye test were reviewed from the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This cross-sectional, mixed method study was designed to examine both the parents’ and unaccompanied youths’ perception of the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth program. Participants included homeless parents whose children were enrolled in a Maryland county school district. The cross-sectional survey design was comprised of district-administered parent surveys disseminated in the 2014/15 and 2015/16 school years....

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This study analyses the content and the uniformity of meta-stereotypes among homelessness people, and the stereotypes that domiciled people have of homeless people. The research took place in Madrid (Spain), based on data provided by a representative sample of homeless people (n = 188) and a sample of people at no risk of becoming homeless (n = 180). Results show that stereotypes of homeless people and homeless people's meta-stereotypes...

JOURNAL NAME: Evaluation and Program Planning
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individuals with mental illnesses who experience homelessness have frequent interactions with the criminal justice system. Correctly measuring this involvement is essential to develop and evaluate the efficacy of intervention programs. Criminal justice involvement is typically assessed through administrative records or self-reported accounts. The aims of this study are to: 1) assess agreement between self-report and administrative data...

JOURNAL NAME: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Childhood disadvantage has repeatedly been linked to adult physical morbidity and mortality. We show in a prospective, longitudinal design that childhood poverty predicts multimethodological indices of adult (24 y of age) psychological well-being while holding constant similar childhood outcomes assessed at age 9. Adults from low-income families manifest more allostatic load, an index of chronic physiological stress, higher levels of...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This study examined predictors of physical and psychological integration in homeless adults with problematic substance use. Homeless adults with problematic substance use (n = 115) in Ottawa, Canada, completed questionnaires regarding their demographics (age, gender, Aboriginal ethnicity), health and social functioning (physical health, mental health, alcohol use problems, drug use problems, social skills), environmental factors (satisfaction...

ORGANIZATION: St. Michael’s Hospital & Inner City Health Associates
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Objectives Identify the unique health concerns of those experiencing homelessness in Canada.  Take a thorough social history and refer patients to appropriate community services.  Create a clinic that is welcoming to those who are homeless through anti-oppressive practice and a trauma-informed approach. Adapt screening, diagnosis, and management approaches for several common conditions to the experience of homelessness, including hypertension,...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Objectives

This exploratory study was designed to estimate the socio-demographic characteristics, course of homelessness, adverse childhood experiences, and prevalence of mental disorders among the street homeless people in Seoul, Korea. In addition, we examined the associations between chronic homelessness and study variables.

Methods

The study subjects were 75 homeless people dwelling in the street around Seoul Station....

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Psychiatric Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Objective

To characterize the prevalence of self-reported head injury with loss of consciousness (LOC) and associated demographic, clinical and service use factors in a sample of homeless adults with mental illness.

Method

Participants in the At Home/Chez Soi study were interviewed at the time of study enrollment regarding their history of head injuries, mental and physical health diagnoses, and justice system and healthcare...

JOURNAL NAME: Nursing Forum
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Background

Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses.


Method

In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The...

JOURNAL NAME: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Youth homelessness is often rooted in family conflict, so effective solutions to youth homelessness should be rooted in family intervention. Most programs serving youth experiencing homelessness use some form of family intervention to address conflict and help reconnect youth with families when such an approach is deemed appropriate. This brief highlights the evidence on family intervention strategies, with a focus on barriers to and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
INTRODUCTION:

National estimates of young people who experience homelessness vary, but the numbers are large. Among those numbers, a significantly high percentage of homeless youths identify as LGBT. Additionally, LGBT youth are at higher risk of increased mental health risks than heterosexual youth. Further understanding of this occurrence among the homeless youth population is important in policy and program planning and implementation....

JOURNAL NAME: PLoS ONE
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Introduction

Foot problems are common among homeless persons, but are often overlooked. The objectives of this systematic review are to summarize what is known about foot conditions and associated interventions among homeless persons.

Methods

A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE (1966–2016), EMBASE (1947–2016), and CINAHL (1982–2016) and complemented by manual searches of reference lists. Articles that described foot...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

The national picture of the comparative costs and diagnoses of hospitalised homeless patients are examined using the ‘no fixed abode’ flag in English hospital statistics. Comparable studies sample patients in single cities, eg New York and Toronto. The most common diagnosis is substance misuse; the share of homeless NHS patients with this diagnosis is rising, and now equals that found in North American cities. About half of the cost of...

JOURNAL NAME: Quality of Life Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine whether homeless or vulnerably housed individuals experienced response shift over a 12-month time period in their self-reported physical and mental health status.

Methods

Data were obtained from the Health and Housing in Transition study, a longitudinal multi-site cohort study in Canada (N = 1190 at baseline). Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (MG-CFA...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2012

As more industrialized countries struggle with rising youth unemployment, young people with no job or prospects are ill-equipped to be contributing members of an inclusive, healthy and sustainable economy. The business sector can play a critical role in addressing youth homelessness by providing at-risk youth with skills training, employment and apprenticeship opportunities. Yet only a small number of Canada’s employers offer these...

ORGANIZATION: New York City Independent Budget Office
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

IBO has previously documented in our annual compendium of public school facts and figures the growing number of students who live in temporary housing—in the city’s homeless shelters, doubled up in apartments with other families, residing in hotels or motels, awaiting foster care placement, or other transitory situations. There was a 25 percent increase in the number of temporarily housed youth attending schools run by the city’s education...

Pages