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JOURNAL NAME: City & Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

Local citizens mobilizing in opposition to the presence of homeless people and services is increasingly common in communities across the United States. Such "'not in my backyard" politics have often been understood as resulting from prejudice, bigotry, or misguided understandings. I argue for an analysis of these social movements through considering how particular strategies and practices come to seem "natural...

JOURNAL NAME: Medical anthropology quarterly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

This article draws upon three years of ethnographic research within an emergency homeless shelter in Massachusetts to explore the subject-making effects of routine shelter helping practices. A medicalized discourse of deviancy is uncovered that provides the dominant conceptual framework within which both concerned homeless people and shelter staff remain enmeshed. As a result, helping practices focus on detecting, diagnosing, and treating...

JOURNAL NAME: City & Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1992

THE MOBILITY PATTERNS of homeless people, as they traverse city streets, provide insights into the resources available to homeless people in different urban communities. Mobility paths are also central to the social networks and coping strategies of the homeless. This article reports on ethnographic research conducted at homeless service facilities in two urban Los Angeles–area communities. Findings suggest that service philosophy, the...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Primary Prevention
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) within the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is pleased to support the development of this special issue of The Journal of Primary Prevention on homelessness and mental illness. We thank the Journal for its interest in homelessness prevention and the authors and guest editors for advancing the field with their knowledge and...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Primary Prevention
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

As the founding physician and President of the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program, Dr. O’Connell has provided medical care to homeless individuals since 1985. The program serves over 9,000 homeless persons each year in three hospital-based clinics and over 70 shelters and other outreach sites in Boston. Dr. O’Connell founded a 90-bed freestanding medical respite program for homeless men and women and designed the nation’s first...

JOURNAL NAME: Anthropology News
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In this paper I develop an argument for the specific contribution which archaeology might make to the study of the ‘classic’ welfare state in Britain (c. 1945–1975) and its aftermath (c. 1976 to present). This period saw massive state investment in infrastructure which transformed both the material and social worlds of its citizens, through new state policies, new networks of political and social control, the centralisation and...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Primary Prevention
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Effective discharge planning can contribute significantly to preventing homelessness. As part of a larger continuum of care, this process can help people reach goals of stable housing, recovery, and increased quality of life in the community. Discharge planning identifies and organizes services a person with mental illness, substance abuse, and other vulnerabilities needs when leaving an institutional or custodial setting and returning to the...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Primary Prevention
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This paper describes an innovative program that provides rental subsidies for sober housing and supportive services to persons in early recovery who are homeless and have substance use disorders. Preliminary data point to the success of this program in enhancing recovery and exiting from homelessness. In supporting sober house placements, the Treatment Access Project creates a bridge that supports these individuals in their transition from...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Primary Prevention
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Prior to the 1970s, neither homelessness nor drug addiction was seen as issues of major concern in Europe. At most, they were of local interest and of particular importance only in some larger metropolitan centres. Over the last three decades they have come much more into public prominence and risen up in local and national policy agendas. At the level of the European Union (EU), however, while the use and abuse of drugs has attracted...

JOURNAL NAME: Sexually transmitted infections
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

OBJECTIVES: While much research to date has examined female sex trade work, little has been done to evaluate factors associated with male sex trade involvement or to assess their health service needs. This is particularly true for male sex trade workers who are also injection drug users (IDUs). Therefore, the present analyses were undertaken to evaluate factors associated with sex trade work in a prospective cohort study of male IDUs. METHODS...

RESOURCE TYPE: Story
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The purpose of this report is to present the perspectives of people who have experienced being without a home so that decision makers can respond to homelessness more effectively. Their voices need to be heard in the policy and program discussions of organizations such as the Greater Vancouver Shelter Strategy, the Regional Steering Committee on Homelessness, the Aboriginal Homelessness Steering Committee and BC Housing. Outreach workers...

JOURNAL NAME: American Psychologist
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1993

Proposing that the United States must explicitly establish a multifaceted national mental health policy that emphasizes prevention, outpatient care, and rehabilitation, the author highlights some of the current inadequacies of the federal health and mental health policies to further prove that the United States needs health care reform. In addition, the author expands his discussion of health care reform to address who has a right to health...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1997

Critical Time Intervention (CTI) was designed to prevent homelessness among individuals suffering from severe mental illnesses by stabilizing them in the period of transition to living in the community. CTI was tested in a randomized clinical trial between 1990 and 1994 at the Columbia-Presbyterian Mental Health Program for Homeless Individuals at the Fort Washington shelter for men in New York City. Preliminary analysis of the results...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1996

This paper describes a study that examined a strategy to prevent homelessness among individuals who have serious mental illness. The strategy provides a bridge between institutional and community care. The Critical Time Intervention (CTI) was tested using 96 men who have serious mental illness and were entering community housing from shelters. The men were randomly divided into two categories: (1) nine months of CTI; or(2) Usual Services Only...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1989

The author discusses homelessness in relation to broader issues in the economy, the housing sector, and social services and recommends a series of preventive strategies that will keep people at work, with their families, on decent welfare benefits, in affordable housing, or in mental health settings. The analysis of homelessness, its antecedents, and strategies for preventing homelessness delineates the basic elements of innovation needed to...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1989

This book calls attention to the alarming fact that homelessness in America is increasing at the rate of twenty to twenty-five percent each year, despite the growing number of services developed to help homeless people. The major position in this book is that emergency responses such as shelters, soup kitchens, and turkeys at Thanksgiving and Christmas must shift to emphasize preventing homelessness in the first place. The author relates the...

JOURNAL NAME: New Republic
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1994

This article discusses the Clinton administration's proposal to combat homelessness. According to the author, the government's written proposal, Priority Home! The Federal Plan to Break the Cycle of Homelessness, still leaves many homeless people out in the cold because it does not adequately address the issue of treatment for homeless persons with serious mental illnesses. The Clinton proposal would have homeless persons with...

JOURNAL NAME: Governing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1988

The author discusses the increase in families among the homeless, the primary causes and regional strategies to prevent homelessness among this group. A brief discussion of homeless persons with mental illnesses and two New York City outreach programs developed for this subpopulation is included. [abstract]

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 1993

Based on data collected through the Rhode Island Emergency Shelter Information Project and published in its three-year study, the Task Force on Serving Rhode Island's Homeless has developed this report as a blueprint to address the issues of homelessness and affordable housing. To effectively respond to these problems, resources must be devoted to each of four stages of a housing assistance continuum: prevention programs; emergency...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 1990

In New York State there are currently 25 not-for-profit homelessness prevention services. The majority of these programs began servicing clients between March and May of 1990. Most of the clients served by the Homelessness Prevention Program are in the late stages of the eviction process. In all but two programs, the majority of clients have been served with eviction notices or received eviction notices while in the program. In addition to...

RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 1991

This document contains papers presented at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (NIAA) Research Conference in January 1991. Paper topics include: housing, poverty, prevention of homelessness, and the impact of substance abuse on homeless families. [abstract]

JOURNAL NAME: Prevention & Treatment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

This article was posted June 26, 2001. The Workgroup on Mental Disorders Prevention Research of the National Advisory Mental Health Council was charged by the Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to examine the NIMH research portfolio on the prevention of mental disorders, identify research gaps and opportunities, and indicate priorities for future research on prevention. The Workgroup believes that the field is ready to...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1995

Very little is known about self-help strategies and resources that exist among poor households and their role in the prevention of homelessness. This study examines the characteristics of homeless people who stay with their friends and relatives. It also examines their relationships with those who house them. Survey data revealed differences in the helping strategies and resources of those who double up. The respondents' gender, race,...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Policy Debate
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1991

The initial response to homelessness in the United States has focused on stop and go measures to address the dire need for emergency food and shelter, and then on providing additional assistance to homeless persons to help them move out of homelessness. New preventive measures to help people avoid becoming homeless have largely been ignored. But now that efforts to provide emergency food and shelter are well under way throughout the country,...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1996

The author explains that prevention is needed to help solve the homeless problem, not to just alleviate it. Issues examined include: cost-effectiveness and targeting those most at risk; preventing homelessness at the sources; keeping people in shared housing; assisting those displaced from condemned or destroyed buildings; transition assistance; prevention strategies for institutional releases; discharges from mental hospitals; and...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1992

This chapter first describes the prevention paradigm as it applies to homelessness, then sketches three types of technical factors influencing prevention efforts related to homelessness (empirical data regarding homeless people and homelessness, theories of homelessness, and the tools with which different types of prevention strategies may be implemented). Lastly, the political factors and policy priorities that have influenced preventive...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 1994

In May of 1993 President Clinton signed an Executive Order directing the 17 federal agencies that make up the Interagency Council on the Homeless (ICH) to prepare "a single coordinated Federal Plan for breaking the cycle of existing homelessness and for preventing future homelessness." A product of that effort, this document describes the changing nature of homelessness in the United States, briefly reviews the...

JOURNAL NAME: Cities
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1994

This article describes policy initiatives for the prevention of homelessness. The author contends that a positive homeless prevention policy requires action on three different levels: (1) an emergency program to meet the threat of eviction; (2) a substantive housing program to close the increasing gap between the supply of and the demand for affordable housing; and (3) a comprehensive social and economic approach to protect precarious...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

This study reports a benefit-cost analysis of the Critical Time Intervention (CTI) for homeless mentally ill men in transition from shelter to community. The clinical trial randomly assigned 96 sheltered mentally ill individuals to an experimental group receiving CTI or a control group receiving usual services. Subjects were interviewed prior to randomization and monthly for 18 months after discharge from the shelter. The major findings were...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Service Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999

Practical Lessons is the result of the National Symposium on Homelessness Research: What Works? This symposium was held on October 29-30, 1998 and was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The goal of this meeting was to examine the current state and future direction of research and evaluation. In addition, assistance was provided to policymakers and service...

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