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JOURNAL NAME: Journal of General Internal Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

BACKGROUND: Homelessness is associated with high rates of health and substance use problems. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the age, housing, health status, health service utilization, and drug use of the homeless population over a 14-year period. DESIGN: Serial cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 3,534 literally homeless adults recruited at service providers in San Francisco in 4 waves: 1990–1994, 1996–1998, 1999–2000, and...

JOURNAL NAME: Oregon Department of Education
RESOURCE TYPE: Newspaper
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

On November 15, 2006 the Oregon Department of Education released Oregon's homeless student population for the 2005-06 school year: 13,159. This represents an increase of 1,867 homeless students enrolled in public schools from the previous year. For related Oregon information, see http://www.ode.state.or.us/opportunities/...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Without Housing documents federal funding trends for affordable housing over the past 25 years, particularly funding for housing programs administered by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), as well as Section 515 rural affordable housing administered by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). It describes the correlation of these trends to the emergence of a new and massive episode of homelessness in the early 1980s...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2011

The annual report of Havard's Joint Center "The State of the Nation's Housing," identifies and analyzes demographic, economic and social trends to inform industry leaders and public officials and helps them to prepare for the future. The Center, a collaboration of the University's School of Design and School of Government, generates new information on housing and mortgage markets by analyzing large-scale...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The advantages of employing evidence-based practices are now widely acknowledged across the medical, substance abuse, and mental health fields. This paper discusses evidence-based practices and their use in treating persons with co-occurring disorders, discusses how evidence is used to determine if a given practice should be labeled as evidence based, and gives some brief examples. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Only about half the people with co-occurring disorders (COD) receive any services within substance abuse and mental health (SA/MH) settings. Settings outside the SA/MH system, or settings where service missions do not include a primary focus on COD, are the focus of this overview paper. Primary health, public safety and criminal justce, and social service settings, where persons with COD are likely to be seen, are highlighted. These...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Adolescent Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This study aims to give insight into how urban homeless youth choose whether to trust professionals, and to describe the characteristics of a professional they view as deserving of trust. The authors used a convenience sample of 18-21 year olds recruited from an urban shelter serving homeless youth, most whom have had a history of emotional trauma, exploitation, and abuse. Ethnographic interviews were conducted in 2 phases. Of the 49...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Adolescent Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The study sought to describe service utilization patterns of homeless youth based on their life cycle stage. Ninety-nine percent of participants accessed services. Medical service utilization was highest among youth who were attempting to leave the street. Drug-related service utilization was lowest among youth most entrenched in street life. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This exploratory study examines the influence of context on interaction patterns homeless mothers use with their preschool children during book-reading and game-playing. The study also looks at the impact of mothers' previously determined language functioning on their contextual use of facilitating language utterances. Using a prospective, nonrandomized, comparison group design, mothers read a book and played a game with their preschool...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Case management (CM) coordinates care for persons with complex health care needs. It is not known whether CM is effective at improving biological outcomes among homeless and marginally housed persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Our goal was to determine whether CM is associated with reduced acute medical care use and improved biological outcomes in homeless and marginally housed persons with HIV. We conducted a...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Extension
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The Extension Connection enhances life skills to support workforce development of low-income families by providing education promoting self-sufficiency. This program helps develop life skills that provide structure within the family and community. Project STRIDE supports workforce development in a high-crime, at-risk area with education. Project STRIDE increases stability within the family, helps families be productive in their community, and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This summary accompanies the good practice guide on homelessness prevention, by providing key findings from an evaluation of homelessness prevention across ten local authorities.

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The 2005 ACS Special Product for the Gulf Coast Area focuses on two distinct areas: the 117 FEMA-designated IPA counties, and the remaining counties in each state not identified as FEMA-designated IPA counties ("balance of the state"). The 2005 ACS Special Product for the Gulf Coast Area contains information for these two distinct areas for January through August of 2005 and for September through December of 2005. (Authors...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This letter to the editor by social worker Bejamin Alexander-Eitzman suggests that another article appearing in the Journal (Canton, et al. Risk factors for long-term homelessness: findings from a longitudinal study of first-time homeless single adults) examines the wrong questions. Alexander-Eitzman believes that the public healthification of homelessness (e.g., that social problems such as homelessness are defined by personal-level...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This report contains policy recommendations in the areas of employment, income and asset growth, health, education and healthy family relationships. Providing state leaders with a central set of policy priorities, the report includes a 50-state policy overview.

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This study examines gender differences and how well various forms of trauma and social support predict homeless substance abusers' tenure in the community without rehospitalization. Researchers analyzed sexual and physical abuses at different stages of participants' lives, combat exposure, and recent traumatic along with social support factors via Cox's proportional hazard model of survival in a 2-year follow-up. The survival...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This report is the first comprehensive survey and grading of state adult public mental healthcare systems conducted in more than 15 years. Public systems serve people with serious mental illnesses—such as schizophrenia, bipolar illness, and major depression—who have the lowest incomes. The report confirms in state-by-state detail what President Bush’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health called a fragmented system in shambles. Nationally...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In an effort to address the challenges facing former prisoners and the communities to which they return, Public/Private Ventures (P/PV) developed and launched Ready4Work: An Ex-Prisoner, Community and Faith Initiative. Funded by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Employment and Training Administration (ETA), the U.S. Department of Justice, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Ford Foundation, this three-year pilot program was designed to...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In recent years a number of reports have documented an increase in the number of homeless families in the US. Using a sample of 195 mothers who were veterans of the US armed forces we assessed the association of maternal homelessness and clinical status, with measures of children’s mental health, school enrolment and attendance. Although maternal homelessness had no significant association with children’s reported emotional problems it had a...

JOURNAL NAME: Health Services Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The findings of a study determine whether social supplemental security income (SSI) or Social Security disability income (SSDI) disability payments is associated with increased drug and alcohol use in a sample of 6,199 homeless and mentally ill participants in the Access to Community Care and Effective Social Supports and Services. The authors report on the observational, 12-month, cohort study that was completed over 4 years. Substance...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Homelessness is an increasing problem among subjects with severe mental illnesses and little is known about the characteristics of homeless subjects with psychosis using emergency psychiatric services. The aims of the present study were to assess the frequency of psychotic disorders among subjects attending a psychiatric emergency service and to explore the clinical and demographic characteristics of these subjects and the management proposed...

JOURNAL NAME: Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

ACCESS demonstration sites were followed for an additional two years beyond the scheduled four-year evaluation to assess whether any delayed effects had occurred in system and project integration. For system integration, findings indicate that there was a sharp increase between Wave 3 (1998) and Wave 4 (2000), but experimental and comparison sites had identical trends. For project integration, experimental sites at Wave 4 sustained the high...

JOURNAL NAME: Acta Psychiatrica Scandaniavica
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Objective: To describe the intervention effects of supplying homeless individuals with permanent housing. Method: In a prospective study, 109 male and 20 female homeless individuals were assessed at baseline and at 1- and 3-year follow-up concerning mental illness (SCID-I), psychopathology, global assessment of functioning, emotional lability and alcohol consumption. Results: A high proportion (86%) of the individuals was able to maintain...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This annual report assesses homelessness in New York City. In 2006, there has been record increase in the number of homeless people spending the night in shelters, particularly families and children. The authors include an action plan, with emphasis on improving "Housing Stability Plus," the city's new homeless rent subsidy program.

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The most comprehensive count of the homeless in Los Angeles. Applied Survey Research (ASR)conducted the survey, which showed an estimated 1 out of 110 people in LA County is homeless on any night and 1 out of 40 will experience homelessness annually. California's homeless population (195,637 at the time of this report) is the highest in the nation, more than double Florida (68,369). Forty-six percent of California's total homeless...

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

According to SAMHSA's Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), more than 175,300 admissions to substance abuse treatment in 2004 were homeless at time of admission. The admissions who were homeless comprised 13% of all admissions for which living arrangements were recorded; an increase from 10% TEDS admissions reported to be homeless in 2000.

RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

As part of a new health promotion campaign, the Uniformed Services University (a branch of the US Military, this factsheet for providers, first responder, leader or manager of disaster operations, describes an evidenced-based approach for helping victims with symptoms such as traumatic stress disorder, cope in the immediate aftermath of a disaster.

JOURNAL NAME: Pediatrics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the cognitive and socialemotional consequences in a general population of primary school children affected by the firework disaster in Enschede, the Netherlands, on May 13, 2000. The explosions caused tremendous damage in the surrounding neighborhood. Twenty-two people immediately died and 1000 were injured. METHODS. This retrospective study assessed school performance and social-emotional...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

This monograph discusses beliefs about the causes of homelessness, and how advocacy is shaped by those beliefs. The author examines the general topic of how people understand the causes of the behavior and circumstances of others, which, he argues, have been ignored too long by advocates. In this article, some literature on this social attribution theory is introduced, and its applications for practicing advocates is considered. The...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

Many mental health systems are trying to promote the adoption of what has come to be known as evidence-based practices while incorporating a recovery vision into the services they provide. Unfortunately, much of the existing, published, research on evidence-based practices was conceived without an understanding of the recovery vision and/or implemented prior to the emergence of the recovery vision. As result, evidence-based practice research...

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