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JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Canadian Dental Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

This paper provides an overview of last year’s U.S. Surgeon General’s report on oral health, describes the burden of oral diseases and craniofacial disorders in the United States, and draws parallels with the state of dental health in Canada and in the province of Ontario. It concludes by focusing on the report’s recommendations for future action and briefly notes some of the lessons that Canadians can learn from these findings. The goal of...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Medical Association Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The health care of homeless persons: a manual of communicable diseases and common problems in shelters and on the streets James J. O'Connell, editor Boston, Mass: Guthrie Nixon Smith; 2004 345 pp US$15 ISBN 0-9711650-8-4 With tens of thousands of people in Canada estimated to be homeless on any given night,1 many Canadian health care workers frequently face the challenge of caring for homeless patients. But is health care for this...

JOURNAL NAME: Health services research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2008

Research Objective

To evaluate the impact of case management and individual therapy offered through a drop-in center for homeless youth on substance use, mental health, housing, education, employment, and medical care utilization. Study Population. All youth (n=172) between the ages of 14-24 who accessed treatment services through an urban, southwestern drop-in center were included.

Data Source 

Semistructured and self-...

RESOURCE TYPE: Newspaper
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Maggie Machledt says she experiences God in her internship at Joseph's House, a community-based hospice for formerly homeless people. The recent Hope College graduate mops floors, does clerical work, cleans bedpans--and on a recent scorching afternoon took some residents out to the National Zoo. "It just feels really holy being with them at that time, and just seeing where God meets them," said Machledt of the dying...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

The homeless are a disenfranchised, diverse societal ecosystem comprised of everyone from single men and women to nuclear family units.1 Estimates suggest that approximately 7.4 percent of persons living in the United States have been homeless at some time during their lives—with homelessness defined as sleeping in shelters, on the street, in abandoned buildings, in cars, or in bus and train stations.2 How many of these persons are terminally...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

Research interviews with 12 patients at an inpatient, free-standing hospice in Sweden were analyzed, using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach, to show the effects of individual nursing care as experienced by the guests. The findings revealed that the effects of, and reactions to, nursing care were inseparable from the hospice milieu and the patients’ situation, which was interpreted as including the prospect of becoming homeless. Thus,...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Conference on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This is a PowerPoint presentation from the Canadian Conference on Homelessness that took place in York University in 2005

JOURNAL NAME: Netherlands Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1996

Abstract The new Progressive Conservative (PC) government in Ontario is planning to sell the 84,500 units (using the UK model) of public housing that it owns. This paper presents an evaluation of the programs to sell off public housing in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. After a comparative evaluation, the author makes several recommendations for the Ontario government. The author argues that Canadian public-housing tenant...

JOURNAL NAME: Urban Affairs Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999

Whether new housing is government assisted or market rate, it can face opposition from established residents. Some observers contend that such opposition arises from "not in my backyard" (NIMBY) sentiments. The author uses research on controversies in the residential development approvals process in the San Francisco Bay Area to develop insights on whether this characterization is justified. He finds that people give many...

JOURNAL NAME: Health & Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

This article reports the findings of a study on community opposition to group homes in Montreal, Canada. This qualitative study set out to explore the underlying dynamics of what happens when a community rejects a group home. With the use of a naturalistic paradigm, three actual incidents of community opposition were studied. Nineteen interviews were conducted with community residents, elected officials, and group home developers. Community...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Background: In 2002-2003, a Needs, Gaps and Opportunities Assessment (NGOA) was conducted to investigate relationships between socio-economic dimensions of housing and health. Recent reviews of the literature point to a dearth of research on the socio-economic dimensions of housing and health, despite its potential for promoting health. Methods: The NGOA sought to identify research needs and gaps, and future opportunities for research in...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Indicators Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

Both, homelessness and loneliness are quite pervasive in North America. This study compared the causes of the loneliness experienced by the homeless to that of the general population. Two hundred and sixty six homeless and five hundred and ninety five men and women from the general population answered a 30 item yes/no questionnaire. The causes of loneliness were composed of the following five factors: Personal inadequacy, Developmental...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Indicators Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

At the dawn of the 21st century, both loneliness and homelessness are more pervasive than we would possibly like to admit. In this study, the experience of loneliness of the homeless was compared to that of the general population. Two hundred and sixty six homeless and 595 men and women from the general population answered a 30 item yes/no questionnaire. The experience of loneliness is composed of the following five factors: emotional...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This article was for prepared for an international think-tank on reducing health disparities and promoting equity for vulnerable populations. Its purposes are to provide an overview of homelessness research and to stimulate discussion on strategic directions for research. We identified studies on homelessness, with an emphasis on Canadian research. Studies were grouped by focus and design under the following topics: the scope of homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: Community mental health journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This study tests components of Wong and Solomon's (2002, Mental Health Services Research, 4(2), 13-28) model of community integration, identifying both the dimensions and predictors of integration. It evaluates community integration among adults with psychiatric disabilities assigned randomly to receive either independent scatter-site apartments with the Housing First approach (experimental) or services as usual (control). Factor...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

A handful of scholars have acknowledged that, along side the traditional homeless, there are now older people who become homeless for the first time in old age. Few researchers, however, have systematically compared the recent older homeless with the chronic or traditional homeless. In the research presented here, we compare recent older homeless with long-term older homeless adults in Toronto according to their health and wealth, their...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

Employing Flanagan's critical incident methodology (J. C. Flanagan, 1954), self-reports from 17 participants who successfully exited from the street lifestyle to mainstream society revealed 314 incidents that helped or hindered their transition. The incidents were sorted into 19 facilitating categories and 4 hindering categories. Results were discussed in light of the following themes: (1) establishing supportive relationships, (2)...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

The reasons young people leave home are complex and include family conflict, physical and/or sexual abuse, substance abuse and trauma. This has been described as young people ‘running from’ family or personal problems. This national survey, designed to learn more about everyday understanding of homelessness, indicates that most Australians significantly underestimate the number of people in Australia who are homeless

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

The reasons young people leave home are complex and include family conflict, physical and/or sexual abuse, substance abuse and trauma. This has been described as young people ‘running from’ family or personal problems. This snapshot examines what is meant by homelessness and provides an overview of who is homeless in Australia. It also identifies the main risk factors which contribute to homelessness and looks at new approaches to reducing...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The reasons young people leave home are complex and include family conflict, physical and/or sexual abuse, substance abuse and trauma. This has been described as young people ‘running from’ family or personal problems. This has been contrasted with homeless young people who initially leave home to assert independence, escape boredom, seek excitement or because of the allure of the streets and this group is described as 'running to...

RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

A PowerPoint presentation presented at the National Alliance to End Homelessness Annual Conference by David Pollio, Sanna Thompson, and Norweeta Milburn. Monday, July 17, 2006.

RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2008

Homelessness is one of the hidden stories in New Hampshire. Off in the woods, under the bridges, at campgrounds around the state in tents provided by city welfare offices, in cramped hotel rooms and in emergency housing shelters are hundreds of our fellow residents. Still more are doubled up with friends and young adults are living with their parents because they can’t find or afford an apartment. New in this mix is the practice of companies...

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Campaign 2000 National Report Cards on child and family poverty in Canada, most recent is 2006 report.

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1997

Nick decides to hit the streets -- he can't bear the thought of sharing his mother with her new husband and the baby on the way. Isn't he enough for her? Thinking his mother no longer cares, Nick takes refuge in an abandoned house, where he meets Luther, a curmudgeonly street person. An unlikely friendship develops between the pair, prompting Nick to study street people for a school project. When his essay ends up on the front page...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Review of Social Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

One of the serendipitous consequences of the National Homeless Initiative to build community capacity to address problems and solutions of Canada's homeless population (Government of Canada, 2004) was the development and evaluation of an innovative emergency shelter for "total" families, including both adult partners and their dependents, regardless of age or gender. While the overwhelming majority of family shelters...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This Study seeks to identify the needs of urban Aboriginal homeless shelters. It was expected that a variety of Federal / Provincial / Territorial (F/P/T) and Aboriginal stakeholders would benefit from a shelter needs assessment which pays particular attention to the challenges of policy, financial resources, financial administrative requirements, demand for services, and a unique caseload which calls for special approaches....

JOURNAL NAME: Youth and Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

This study examines ethnic minority girls' perceptions of risk factors for female gang involvement. Thirty-one female students at an alternative school in a high-crime, urban environment were interviewed with regard to their beliefs about why adolescents join gangs. Peer pressure was believed to be the largest influence on female gang involvement. In addition, it was thought that girls might turn to gangs for protection from neighborhood...

JOURNAL NAME: Youth and Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

Data from 349 urban African American youth were analyzed to explore whether the differences in exposure to violence, resilience, and distress symptoms between gang members and nonmembers resulted from the risk behaviors in which youth participated or from the gang membership itself. Youth with current or past gang membership documented higher levels of risk involvement, lower levels of resilience, higher exposure to violence, and higher...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Science and Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

Adolescents who reported to have given sexual favors for payment were investigated. The sample consisted of all adolescents in the public and private school systems in Oslo, the capital in Norway (age group 14-17, response rate 94.3%, N=10,828).Adolescents who had sold sex form 1.4%, three times as many boys as girls. Half the group had done it more than 10 times. Most were under the legal age of sex in Norway (16 years) when this first...

JOURNAL NAME: WorkingUSA
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Recent controversies have drawn attention to the growing day labor industry in the U.S. While academics and activists have documented and criticized day labor agencies’ practice of externalizing costs onto the workforce, less attention has been paid to the informal organization of this form of work. At first glance, the day labor industry may appear to be little more than an anonymous "spot market," but this glosses over the...

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