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JOURNAL NAME: Nursing Education Perspectives
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Nursing students can play a vital role in addressing the health care needs of the homeless. Through professional service learning experiences in community-based settings, students learn how to partner with key community leaders and agencies to meet the needs of underserved populations and provide culturally competent care to diverse populations. This article describes the development of a professional service learning experience with the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

In Robinson v. California, the Court held that a statute punishing persons for being addicted to the use of narcotics violated the Eighth Amendment. In Powell v. Texas, however, the Justices disagreed over whether the principle underlying Robinson was that crimes must involve an actus reus or that the state may not punish involuntary conduct. Recently, in Jones v. City of Los Angeles, the Ninth Circuit weighed in on the question, holding that...

JOURNAL NAME: Family Relations
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The present qualitative research focuses on homeless fathers living with their children in family shelters. Data were collected through semistructured, face-to-face interviews with homeless fathers ( n= 9) and shelter directors ( n= 3). Findings suggest that how fathers made meaning of their experiences in a homeless shelter was related to contextual factors and constructions of masculinity. Contextual constraints deriving from unemployment,...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Staff and clients from nontraditional programs for homeless individuals with serious mental illness (HMI) face barriers when trying to transfer client care from street-based services to traditional community mental health centers or organizations (CMHCs). Yet little is known about the extent of those barriers, reported causes, and consequences. In all, 255 mental health supervisors or designees from three programs across the United States...

JOURNAL NAME: HIV Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Background: Standard two-step HIV testing is limited by poor return-for-results rates and misses high-risk individuals who do not access conventional testing facilities. Methods: We describe a community-based rapid HIV testing programme in which homeless and marginally housed adults recruited from shelters, free meal programmes and single room occupancy hotels in San Francisco received OraQuick Rapid HIV-1 Antibody testing (OraSure...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This study examines entry into drug treatment among 491 street-recruited injection drug users in Denver, Colorado. The primary outcome was treatment entry within 6 months. Univariate tests were run using chi-square t-test analyses. Significant variables were included in a multiple logistic regression. Results showed that having more outreach contacts, not being homeless, having fewer problems with alcohol but more problems with drugs, and the...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Reliable and valid longitudinal residential histories are needed to assess interventions to reduce homelessness and increase community tenure. This study examined the test-retest reliability, sensitivity to change, and concurrent validity of the Residential Time-Line Follow-Back (TLFB) Inventory, a method used to record residential histories in the Collaborative Program to Prevent Homelessness (n = 1,381). The Residential TLFB Inventory...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

In 1992, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) established the HUD-VA Supported Housing (HUD-VASH) Program to provide integrated clinical and housing services to homeless veterans with psychiatric and/or substance abuse disorders at 19 sites. At four sites, 460 subjects were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: (1) HUD-VASH, with both Section 8 vouchers and intensive...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychology, Health & Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

A cross-national survey was conducted among 358 recently homeless young people in Melbourne and Los Angeles. Drug dependence and mental illness were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. At each time point, participants were classified as no condition, drug dependent, having a mental illness or dual condition. Low levels of drug dependence or mental illness or both were reported at each data point. Most young people were classified as...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the American Medical Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This article describes the unique conditions of a doctor/patient relationship when the patient is homeless. For obvious reason, homeless people have difficulty preparing for death but effective palliative care can still be administered by clinicians. The authors present the case of Dr. E and his patient Mr. K, a homeless man dying from renal failure. Dr. E managed to forge a trusting relationship with Mr. K, who had never followed through on...

JOURNAL NAME: Mental Health Weekly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The article presents information on a study regarding homeless youth. According to Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, studies suggest that comprehensive intervention reduces substance abuse and improve mental health. 180 youth aging between 14 and 22 were studied and reduction in depression scores and drug and alcohol abuse was noticed in the studies. (Harvard Library)

JOURNAL NAME: Early Child Development & Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The purpose of the present study was to compare the understanding of conventional time concepts by urban preschool children reared in poverty with that of their peers not raised in poverty. The questionnaire used in this study was based on the original work of Ames. Thirty-six children ranging in age from three to five years of age participated in the study. Twelve attended a Head Start program for homeless children, 12 lived in low-income...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The article reports on cities' response to the rising demand for emergency food assistance and shelter in the U.S. The U.S. Conference of Mayors' (USCM) Task Force on Hunger and Homelessness is working with members of Congress to increase funding for Community Development Block Grants and the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Emergency Shelter Grants that can be used for housing and other services. (Harvard...

JOURNAL NAME: Mental Health Weekly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The article reports on the announcement of California officials regarding its plan to provide funds from its Proposition 63 tax to construct 10, 000 new housing units for homeless mentally-ill people in January 2007. The plan depicts the first major initiative to give forth from funds raised by the Proposition 63, which is also known as the Mental Health Services Act. It aims to leverage the funds with other funding sources and to find...

JOURNAL NAME: The Christian Science Monitor
RESOURCE TYPE: Newspaper
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This article reports on the U.S. National-Point-In-Time Survey, which took place in January 2007, and references the role of this count in the efforts of the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness.

JOURNAL NAME: Social Justice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

WITH THE RECENT PASSAGE OF WELFARE REFORMS IN 2006 AS A LITTLE-DISCUSSED element of a federal budget bill, welfare policy in the United States has moved ever closer to universal workfare.1 Even before the more sweeping reforms of 1996, Bob Jessop described an emerging "workfare regime" that was replacing the welfare state in the industrialized democracies. The latter's logic of protecting citizens from the fortunes of the market was being...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Studies of intimate partner violence (IPV) and work have been primarily conducted with women in low-wage low-status (LWLS) positions, as much of this research has focused on poverty, welfare, and homelessness. Although women in LWLS positions represent a large percentage of working women in the United States, it is also important to investigate experiences of women in high-wage high-status (HWHS) positions because a growing number of women...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Objectives. Little is known about the health status of those who are newly homeless. We sought to describe the health status and health care use of new clients of homeless shelters and observe changes in these health indicators over the study period. Methods. We conducted a longitudinal study of 445 individuals from their entry into the homeless shelter system through the subsequent 18 months. Results. Disease was prevalent in the newly...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The Allegheny Initiative for Mental Health Integration for the Homeless (AIM-HIGH) was a 3-year urban initiative in Pennsylvania that sought to enhance integration and coordination of medical and behavioral services for homeless persons through system-, provider-, and client-level interventions. On a system level, AIM-HIGH established partnerships between several key medical and behavioral health agencies. On a provider level, AIM-HIGH...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Presented in this paper are the results of a qualitative analysis of the narratives of 208 homeless youth interviewed on streets and in agencies in New York City and Toronto. The interviews focused on the participants' stories about their struggles to survive and negotiate meaningful and healthy lives in coming to the streets, living on the streets, and finding ways off the streets. Analysis of the narratives revealed shifts in the youths'...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric Quarterly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Public support payments may facilitate exit from homelessness for persons with mental illness. We examined data from 10,641 homeless veterans contacted from October 1, 1995 to September 30, 2002 in a collaborative outreach program designed to facilitate access to Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits. Those who were awarded benefits (22% of contacted veterans) were more likely to report disability, poor to fair self-rated...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The objective of this analysis was to assess the mortality rate and risk factors in adults, with substance dependence, who are not receiving primary medical care (PC). Date and cause of death were identified using the National Death Index data and death certificates for 470 adults without PC over a period of almost 4 years after detailed clinical assessment after detoxification. Factors associated with risk of mortality were determined using...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

The theory of planned behaviour, social identity theory and attitudes toward institutional authority were used to predict the uptake of outreach services over a 3-week period in a prospective study of 126 homeless people in a major UK city. Consistent with previous research, subjective norm was an important predictor, but so were identification with support services and attitudes to authority. The effect of intention on behaviour was...

JOURNAL NAME: Computers, Informatics, Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

Carrying hundreds of patient files in a suitcase makes medical street outreach to the homeless clumsy and difficult. Healthcare for the Homeless-Houston (HHH) began a case study under the assumption that tracking patient information with a personal digital assistant (PDA) would greatly simplify the process. Equipping clinicians with custom-designed software loaded onto Palm V Handheld Computers (palmOne, Inc, Milpitas, CA), Healthcare for the...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

In 1998, 48% of persons who had HIV testing at publicly funded sites in the United States failed to return for test results and posttest counseling. Opportunities for timely HIV therapy were lost; valuable resources were wasted. This study tested the hypothesis that rapid HIV testing enables a high percentage of high-risk outreach clients to learn their serostatus. We did on-site counseling and rapid HIV testing at community-based...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

Outreach is a treatment modality for engaging underserved populations in health care. Nowhere is outreach more relevant than in delivering services to homeless persons with mental illness. Programs providing outreach to homeless people have been in existence for at least two decades and a craft has developed naturalistically. However, there has been insufficient formal examination of factors that influence the effectiveness of outreach and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This curriculum is designed to be used by any person or program involved in reaching out to people experiencing homelessness. Parts of the curriculum are specifically oriented to those working in federally-funded Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) projects throughout the United States. The intent of this curriculum is to help workers gain a fuller understanding and appreciation for outreach work. There is no set formula, but it is hoped that...

JOURNAL NAME: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

no abstract available

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The purpose of the Informing Neighborhood Health project is to facilitate access to electronic health information resources at select community faith-based clinics. The project partners Texas Woman's University, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, and five community faith-based clinics located in Houston, Texas, that primarily serve the homeless and working poor. The clinics include San Jose Clinic, Good Neighbor...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The objective of this study was to evaluate a medical outreach program that targets unstably housed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- infected individuals. One hundred sixty-one cross-sectional interviews were conducted prior to and after establishing a medical outreach program in single room occupancy hotels. Participants' mean age was 42 years; 58% were men, 95% minority, and 59% active substance users. The postintervention group was...

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