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JOURNAL NAME: Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

There is considerable evidence to suggest that older people living in situations of mistreatment and neglect are reluctant to accept help. This is attributed to the high value that older generations place on their privacy and family integrity, and on their ability to cope and remain in charge of their lives. These values are particularly strong in rural communities. The paper explores the challenges these cultural norms pose for formal and...

JOURNAL NAME: Palliative Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Background: The homeless have high rates of mortality, but live in environments not conducive to terminal care. Traditional palliative care hospitals may be reluctant to accept such patients, due to behavior or lifestyle concerns. The Ottawa Inner City Health Project (OICHP) is a pilot study to improve health care delivery to homeless adults. This is a retrospective analysis of a cohort of terminally ill homeless individuals and the...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Urban Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

This article shares research-in-progress on a project entitled Child-Friendly Cities, and Participatory Planning and Design in Canada. Proposed is a protocol based on 15 factors for collecting examples of best practices--including the degree of young people's participation, intended goals of fostering independence, recognition of diverse groups of young people, issues around safety and security, innovative use of existing resources,...

JOURNAL NAME: Criminology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

As a result of developments in pharmacology, stricter standards for involuntary commitment, and changes in public expenditures, there has been a dramatic decline in the capacity of public psychiatric hospitals to maintain America's most severely mentally ill. Psychiatric deinstitutionalization has led to an increased presence of persons with mental illness in urban areas, many "falling through the cracks" of community-...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

Statistics Canada (STC) has been approached by Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) to look into the feasibility of conducting a survey of homelessness in several Canadian cities. The primary objective of this survey would be to obtain accurate counts of the numbers of homeless persons. Initially the survey is planned to get a single count, but the survey may become regular, perhaps being conducted more than once per year to explore...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 1979

An attempt to explain the broad social milieu of the skid-row alcoholic-the institutions and agencies that provide service to the alcoholic and that are seen as guardians of the alcoholic rather than as change agents. The explanations and definitions that the alcoholic gives to the institutions that surround his or her life are used by the author to help the reader understand the loneliness, poverty, and drinking patterns of the alcoholic....

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The paper notes that the vast majority of bid cities in the past two decades "including Seoul, Barcelona, Atlanta, Amsterdam, Sydney, Beijing, Toronto, Athens, Turin, New York, and Vancouver" all shared a common problem: a housing and homelessness crisis. Many of them, including Vancouver, listed housing as part of their Olympic-legacy promises. (exerpt from news article that speaks of this paper:...

JOURNAL NAME: AIDS and behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Homelessness and housing instability are significant public health issues that increase the risks of HIV acquisition and transmission and adversely affect the health of people living with HIV. This article highlights the contributions of selected papers in this special issue of AIDS and Behavior and considers them within the broader context of prior research on the associations between housing status and HIV risk, use of HIV medical care,...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999

In inner-city neighborhoods, AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) has become rampant as drug users and their partners, women, and young gay men of color account for an increasing proportion of AIDS cases. As the gay community has been decimated by the disease, a similar fate possibly awaits many innercity residents. Service providers in the urban setting must confront the issue of homelessness among clients who have AIDS: it is no easy...

JOURNAL NAME: Seminars in pediatric infectious diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

The lifestyle of homeless adolescents places them at high risk for contracting a variety of serious illnesses. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the predictors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis infections among homeless youth. Anonymous and confidential interviewer-administered psychosocial surveys were conducted with 150 homeless youth (ages 14 to 23 years; 70% male). Venous blood samples were...

JOURNAL NAME: The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

ABSTRACT: This paper uses geographic mapping to illustrate the distributions of social inequality, teen births, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) among 15- to 24-year-olds in Toronto. The incidence rates for teen births and for chlamydia and gonorrhea among 15- to 24-year-olds are much higher in Toronto than in the province of Ontario as a whole. There is a public health requirement to lower these rates. Risk conditions associated with...

ORGANIZATION: Social Planning Toronto
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The Kid Builders Research Project, examining the educational needs of homeless children living in Toronto and the links between homelessness and school success, is the first major study to investigate the education of homeless children in Canada and begins to address a major gap in the literature. Phase 3 builds on the first and second phases that reported on data collected in Scarborough only, broadening the project across Toronto.

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JOURNAL NAME: International journal of law and psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The following study evaluates the complex association between legal involvement and mental illness. It describes a population of consumers of community mental health programs, comparing those with legal involvement to those without legal involvement, on a number of demographic, clinical and social indicators. It is a secondary analysis of data collected in studies making up the Community Mental Health Evaluation Initiative (CMHEI) in the...

JOURNAL NAME: JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Homelessness annually affects an estimated 2.3 million to 3.5 million individuals living in the United States. Homeless people face difficulties in meeting their basic needs. Many have substance abuse problems and mental illness, lack social support, and have no medical insurance. These challenges complicate the homeless patient's ability to engage in end-of-life advanced planning, adhere to medications, and find an adequate site to...

JOURNAL NAME: British Medical Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In developed countries most patients with tuberculosis are not infectious, can readily access health services, and complete treatment successfully with minimal supervision from a health worker. As a result they make only limited demands on services and pose little public health risk. By contrast, many socially excluded patients are at risk of delayed presentation, poor adherence, and loss to follow-up. A recent persistent outbreak in London...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing, Care and Support
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Homelessness and drug use often go hand in hand. Although services may exist to house and support drug users, they are not always accessible or desirable for some of thee most vulnerable service users. This increases the risks not only to the drug user, but also to the wider community. This article discusses the importance of developing a wide range of services that can provide for even the most complex cases, if the risks to both drug user...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This article describes recent work to support recommendations for improving Ontario's system of housing for people with serious mental illness. This multifaceted project engaged stakeholders in discussions concerning strategies for improving the system based on (a) values that underlie housing programs, (b) evidence of effective housing practices, (c) the current status of the system, and (d) international practices for monitoring...

JOURNAL NAME: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

Homelessness is a significant problem in the urban centers of many western countries. According to the United Nations, ‘absolute homelessness’ refers to people who sleep outdoors, in vehicles, or in abandoned buildings. In developed countries, many people who would otherwise be ‘absolutely homeless’ sleep in shelters run by government or charitable organizations. ‘Relative homelessness’ refers to people whose physical shelter does not meet...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Canadian Dental Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

This paper provides an overview of last year’s U.S. Surgeon General’s report on oral health, describes the burden of oral diseases and craniofacial disorders in the United States, and draws parallels with the state of dental health in Canada and in the province of Ontario. It concludes by focusing on the report’s recommendations for future action and briefly notes some of the lessons that Canadians can learn from these findings. The goal of...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Medical Association Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The health care of homeless persons: a manual of communicable diseases and common problems in shelters and on the streets James J. O'Connell, editor Boston, Mass: Guthrie Nixon Smith; 2004 345 pp US$15 ISBN 0-9711650-8-4 With tens of thousands of people in Canada estimated to be homeless on any given night,1 many Canadian health care workers frequently face the challenge of caring for homeless patients. But is health care for this...

JOURNAL NAME: Health services research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2008

Research Objective

To evaluate the impact of case management and individual therapy offered through a drop-in center for homeless youth on substance use, mental health, housing, education, employment, and medical care utilization. Study Population. All youth (n=172) between the ages of 14-24 who accessed treatment services through an urban, southwestern drop-in center were included.

Data Source 

Semistructured and self-...

RESOURCE TYPE: Newspaper
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Maggie Machledt says she experiences God in her internship at Joseph's House, a community-based hospice for formerly homeless people. The recent Hope College graduate mops floors, does clerical work, cleans bedpans--and on a recent scorching afternoon took some residents out to the National Zoo. "It just feels really holy being with them at that time, and just seeing where God meets them," said Machledt of the dying...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

The homeless are a disenfranchised, diverse societal ecosystem comprised of everyone from single men and women to nuclear family units.1 Estimates suggest that approximately 7.4 percent of persons living in the United States have been homeless at some time during their lives—with homelessness defined as sleeping in shelters, on the street, in abandoned buildings, in cars, or in bus and train stations.2 How many of these persons are terminally...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

Research interviews with 12 patients at an inpatient, free-standing hospice in Sweden were analyzed, using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach, to show the effects of individual nursing care as experienced by the guests. The findings revealed that the effects of, and reactions to, nursing care were inseparable from the hospice milieu and the patients’ situation, which was interpreted as including the prospect of becoming homeless. Thus,...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Conference on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This is a PowerPoint presentation from the Canadian Conference on Homelessness that took place in York University in 2005

JOURNAL NAME: Netherlands Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1996

Abstract The new Progressive Conservative (PC) government in Ontario is planning to sell the 84,500 units (using the UK model) of public housing that it owns. This paper presents an evaluation of the programs to sell off public housing in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. After a comparative evaluation, the author makes several recommendations for the Ontario government. The author argues that Canadian public-housing tenant...

JOURNAL NAME: Urban Affairs Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999

Whether new housing is government assisted or market rate, it can face opposition from established residents. Some observers contend that such opposition arises from "not in my backyard" (NIMBY) sentiments. The author uses research on controversies in the residential development approvals process in the San Francisco Bay Area to develop insights on whether this characterization is justified. He finds that people give many...

JOURNAL NAME: Health & Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

This article reports the findings of a study on community opposition to group homes in Montreal, Canada. This qualitative study set out to explore the underlying dynamics of what happens when a community rejects a group home. With the use of a naturalistic paradigm, three actual incidents of community opposition were studied. Nineteen interviews were conducted with community residents, elected officials, and group home developers. Community...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Background: In 2002-2003, a Needs, Gaps and Opportunities Assessment (NGOA) was conducted to investigate relationships between socio-economic dimensions of housing and health. Recent reviews of the literature point to a dearth of research on the socio-economic dimensions of housing and health, despite its potential for promoting health. Methods: The NGOA sought to identify research needs and gaps, and future opportunities for research in...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Indicators Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

Both, homelessness and loneliness are quite pervasive in North America. This study compared the causes of the loneliness experienced by the homeless to that of the general population. Two hundred and sixty six homeless and five hundred and ninety five men and women from the general population answered a 30 item yes/no questionnaire. The causes of loneliness were composed of the following five factors: Personal inadequacy, Developmental...

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