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RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 1991

Recently there has been a surge of interesting accessory apartments in Canada.Defined as independent living spaces in primary housing units, accessory apartments usually share a yard and a parking space, and some-times an entrance. Referred to as either accessory apartments, illegal suites or secondary units, they are an ongoing planning issue both because of their predominantly illegal statusand becausethey are a method of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

The following is an overview and brief analysis of the literature on collaboration in community service delivery, focusing on what works and what needs to be in place to make it work. Much of the analytical and descriptive literature provided here comes from the United States. It is unfortunate, but it appears to be true, that Canadian research and development into the issue of collaborative community service provision— at least written...

RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

Charitable activity has been part of civilized culture for almost as long as we have written records. The fact that it continues today is an indication of its importance in maintaining the bond that holds communities together. At last count, over 70,000 charities were officially registered in Canada. They had annual revenues of $90 billion—about the same as the entire economy of British Columbia. Over $12 billion of that income came from...

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The report begins in Part I with an overview and introduction to capacity and capacity building. This is followed by a brief history of capacity building. The history is followed by some thoughts on the central issue facing arts, cultural, and heritage organizations – a tendency to confuse ends with means. The difficulty in describing the ends, or outcomes, of a cultural experience have left many cultural organizations focusing their efforts...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 1992

The American dream of owning a home is becoming less and less of a reality to millions of Americans. And for those who are financially ill-equipped to buy, it is becoming increasingly difficult to obtain sound, desirable rental housing at affordable prices. What is affordable housing? Affordable housing is generally defined as decent, quality housing that costs no more than 30 percent of a household's gross monthly income for rent/...

JOURNAL NAME: Contemporary Drug Problems
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

People typically regard Jamie as being "on the streets" but to him living in a bushland squat means he is "not quite homeless". In his words, he is "homeless but not roofless". Jamie is 17 and has been living on the streets on or off since he was 12. His parents were abusive and Jamie has lived in foster care or with his grandmother for most of his life. After he left home, a friend taught...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

OBJECTIVES: The excessive prevalence of comorbid substance abuse among persons with severe mental illness has been well established and identified as the source of numerous negative outcomes. An overlooked aspect of illicit drug use in this population is its illegality and the potentially dire criminal sanctions. This study examined the prevalence of drug arrests in a cohort of persons receiving services from a state mental health agency who...

JOURNAL NAME: Substance use & misuse
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Background: We sought to evaluate the potential association between binge drug use and HIV seroconversion and subsequently, risk factors associated with binge drug use among a cohort of IDUs. Methods: We performed analyses of: 1) associations with HIV seroconversion and 2) associations with binge drug use among participants enrolled in the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS), a prospective cohort of IDU. Since serial measures for...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian journal of public health.Revue canadienne de sante publique
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (MA) is a powerful, highly addictive central nervous stimulant that can cause serious health consequences including neurotoxicity, paranoia, psychosis, depression, violence, and death. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and characteristics of MA use among two marginalized populations of youth (less than 30 years of age) in British Columbia. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric Annals
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Substance use disorders cause meaningful disability for a substantial portion of the American population. A comorbid diagnosis occurs in 60% to 90% of those affected by substance-related disorders. Additionally, adolescents with severe substance use disorders are even more likely to have other psychiatric disorders than adults with substance use disorders. Aside from formal substance use disorder diagnoses, misuse of a substance may lead to...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of substance abuse treatment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

We examined the association of substance abuse treatment with access to liver specialty care among 231 persons coinfected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) with a history of alcohol problems who were recruited and followed up in the HIV-Longitudinal Interrelationships of Viruses and Ethanol cohort study from 2001 to 2004. Variables regarding demographics, substance use, health service use, clinical variables, and substance abuse treatment...

JOURNAL NAME: Health Education & Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999

Limited research has been conducted to examine the effectiveness of existing HIV prevention and harm reduction interventions targeted to injection drug-using youth. Moreover, although there are a growing number of needle exchange programs being developed for youth throughout the United States, the effects of these services have yet to be systematically evaluated. This article describes a collaborative evaluation conducted by the Division of...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Drug Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The serious adverse health consequences associated with illicit drug use inVancouver has brought international attention to the city. It is now widely recognized that innovative and bold strategies are required to confront epidemics of drug overdose, HIV and Hepatitis C infections, and injection-related bacterial infections. The establishment of North America’s first supervised injection facility (SIF) required a major cultural shift in the...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Untreated substance abuse represents a major risk factor for homelessness (1, 2), with alcohol as the most frequently abused substance (3). Prevalence studies estimate the percentage of homeless people with alcohol use disorders to be at 30-40% and drug abuse at 10-15% (3). The economic and social costs of untreated substance abuse are staggering. Health and nonhealth outcomes and costs created by drug abuse and dependency for the entire...

ORGANIZATION: Centre for Urban and Community Studies
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Thousands of young women in Toronto are homeless. Each year throughout the 1990s, about 2,000 young women aged 15 to 24 used shelters in Toronto. Homeless young women are often searching for someone to love and protect them and may become sexually active as a way to maintain relationships and avoid being alone, even if the relationship is a bad one. Some studies have found that as many as half of the homeless young women using health services...

RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

Objective: To identify and explore common myths about mental illness, compared to realities, based on a community sample of psychiatric consumer/survivors.

Design: This Community-University Research Alliance (CURA) has used a participatory action research design, incorporating qualitative and quantitative measures to facilitate a capacity building, community-development approach in addressing issues of mental health and housing.

...
JOURNAL NAME: Drug and alcohol dependence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Objectives: To determine the temporal trends of initiation into injection drug use, current injection, and recent receptive sharing of injection paraphernalia among street youth.

Design: Data from two cohort studies conducted between 1995 and 2005 were combined.

Methods: Recruitment was done on an ongoing basis. Interviews were performed semi-annually. Overall and annual drug injection incidence rates were calculated...

JOURNAL NAME: The American Journal of Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2008

Many people who struggle with psychotic disorder often refuse offers of help, including housing, extended by mental health services. This article uses the ethnographic method to examine the reasons for such refusal among women who are homeless and psychiatrically ill in the institutional circuit in an urban area of Chicago. It concludes that such refusals arise not only from a lack of insight but also from the local culture's ascription...

JOURNAL NAME: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

BACKGROUND: International studies report high rates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicide in the homeless. Little is known about DSH among homeless people in the UK and their subsequent risk of death from suicide and non-suicidal causes. METHOD: We have carried out a study of no fixed abode (NFA) patients using data collected through the Oxford Monitoring System for Attempted Suicide. We describe the demographic and clinical...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This is a chapter in the book "Gendered Intersections: A Collection of Readings for Women’s and Gender Studies", which explores the issues of feminism and gender equality.

JOURNAL NAME: The Journals of Gerontology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

Objectives. This article presents findings from a study of the causes of homelessness among newly homeless older people in selected urban areas of the United States, England, and Australia. Methods. Interviews were conducted in each country with 122 older people who had become homeless during the last 2 years. Information was also collected from the subjects' key workers about the circumstances and problems that contributed to...

ORGANIZATION: Wellesley Institute; Ryerson Caribbean Research Centre
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The primary goal of the research project was to ascertain patterns, trends, and pathways related to episodes of homelessness among Caribbean youth. The data component of the study used in-depth qualitative interviews with homeless Caribbean youth 15-25 to develop a greater understanding of the socio-demographic characteristics of ‘street-involved’ Caribbean youth, the ways in which they found themselves homeless, their support systems,...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of family nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The purpose of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore the perspectives of individuals who were caring for a family member with a mental illness, with particular attention to housing, quality of supports, and formal care services. Eleven focus groups with family caregivers (N = 75) were conducted. Both individual and team thematic analyses were undertaken until interpretations of the experiences of the participants were inductively...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

Objectives: To characterize trends in drug and sexual risk factors among injection drug users (IDU) according to their age at first injection.Methods: Data were collected through the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS). To date over 1400 Vancouver IDU have been enrolled and followed. Semi-annually, participants have completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire and have undergone serologic testing for HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

The Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) is intended to assist low-income people with disabilities, but many disabled homeless people are unable to access this program. In an effort to address this problem, Street Health decided to conduct a research project to identify the barriers that were preventing eligible homeless people from accessing the ODSP, while at the same time helping study participants to secure the benefits they are...

JOURNAL NAME: Community mental health journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Using the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC), we found that among homeless mothers (n = 588), those living without their children were more likely to: be older than 35 years, unmarried, have been incarcerated, have been homeless for at least 1 year, and to have used psychiatric medication. Many homeless mothers had histories of childhood trauma, but it was the accumulation of adulthood traumas that was...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Science & Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This paper employs qualitative methods to explore the ramifications of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors’ ability to practice harm reduction. Between August and December 2000, we conducted open-ended interviews with 40 illicit-drug-injecting residents of a New York City police precinct undergoing a crackdown. Interview topics included participants’ experiences with police in the precinct and their drug use practices. Grounded theory...

JOURNAL NAME: The International journal on drug policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

"Hustling" or sex work is a common means of surviving on the streets and paying for drugs among homeless youth. In this article, we formulate the concepts of "street capital" and "street competencies" to describe how 10 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in New York City accumulated various knowledge and skills throughout their childhood and adolescence, and later entered into...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

Poor people in Milwaukee have responded to the loss of "good jobs" by starting thousands of new, mainly off-thebooks businesses. The most profitable business in this informal sector of our economy, unfortunately, is the business of drug selling. This report describes the entrepreneurial method of distribution of drugs in two central city communities, called "Horatiotown" and "Algerville."...

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Internal Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

BACKGROUND: Homeless persons experience high rates of sexual and physical assault; homeless women are thought to be at highest risk. To determine the prevalence, distribution, and factors associated with sexual and physical assault, we surveyed homeless and marginally housed adults in San Francisco, Calif.

METHODS: We interviewed 2577 respondents about their history of recent sexual and physical assault, housing history, sexual...

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