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RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Does the posture of people experiencing homelessness affect our judgments about them? Is our perception of their capability or approachability affected by whether they are standing or sitting? To investigate this question experimentally, photographs featuring 5 men and 5 women in 5 different posture positions (standing, leaning, squatting, sitting, and laying) were presented to 50 participants in an online survey. Participants rated the...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Sciences
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In response to growing concerns about the rising number of runaway and homeless youth (RHY) in the U.S., researchers have sought to improve the scientific understanding of health and mental health needs, as well as the social resources available to these youths. In this paper, we examine the relationship between personal support network resources and the mental health status of a sample of RHY (N = 693) surveyed in metro-Atlanta, Georgia. The...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Could an AI decision aid improve housing systems that assist homeless youth? There are nearly 2 million homeless youth in the United States each year. Coordinated entry systems are being used to provide homeless youth with housing assistance across the nation. Despite these efforts, the number of homeless youth still living on the street remains very high. Motivated by this fact, we initiate a first study to create AI decision aids for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

On any one night, there are 105,000 people experiencing homelessness in Australia with many more living in insecure housing, one step away from being homeless. As part of the 2017 election campaign promise to reduce inefficiencies in the public sector, the Western Australian Labor Party announced the amalgamation of the new Department of Community Services. The ergonomics of this timely reassessment of the machinery of government provides a...

JOURNAL NAME: Gender Panic, Gender Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The following ethnographic study was conducted to better understand the site-specific, qualitative impact of organizational, taken-for-granted assumptions and practices regarding gender and family life in the reproduction of on-the-ground gender inequality. More specifically, this case study considers the consequences of organizational assumptions consistent with Bem’s (1993) three “lenses of gender” – androcentrism, essentialism, and...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Field Methods
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Conducting intervention studies with homeless populations can be difficult, particularly in terms of retaining participants across multiple sessions and locating them for subsequent follow-up assessments. Homeless youth are even more challenging to engage due to substance use, mental health problems, wariness of authority figures, and frequent relocations. This article describes methods used to successfully recruit a sample of 200 homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To assess chronic healthcare conditions among homeless veterans identifies as having a catastrophic disability (>50% impairment).

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017


Research Objectives

To investigate the prevalence of disability and PTSD among Veterans identified as homeless or at risk of homelessness.


Design

This was a retrospective study using administrative data from two large VA’s locates in a large metropolitan area supplemented with utilization data provided by Chicago Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (CHITREC).

To investigate...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Youth aging out the child welfare system are being transitioned out of the child welfare system with few interventions in place to support their move to independence. In...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study examines how Americans view the homeless, and how their perceptions are influenced by the race and gender of homeless individuals. It seeks to replicate and extend the research of Phelan, Link, Moore, and Stueve, and uses their findings as a point of departure. Phelan et al. established twenty years ago that the homeless label imposes a stigma, which induces the public to distance themselves from those to whom it is applied....

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this project is to explore the services needed by elders who first became homeless in later life. The U.S. Census Bureau projects the elderly homeless population will increase by 33 percent by 2020. Compared with younger counterparts, older homeless people are more isolated and refuse to use traditional services. Findings from surveys, observations and interviews suggest mobile outreach is an efficient strategy to reach out to...

JOURNAL NAME: Addictive Behaviors Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, ...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable,...

JOURNAL NAME: Humanomics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper aims to study the specific factors causing suburban-dwelling elderly American women to patronize different soup kitchens in Pennsylvania and investigate how non-profit and government agencies could better meet the needs of this food-insecure population, to fill a significant gap in the growing literature on food insecurity in high-income countries.

JOURNAL NAME: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Health solutions for the poor
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study was conducted in Atlanta, GA, during an ongoing outbreak of drug-resistant TB among PEH that began in 2008.7 Atlanta has a population of about 5.7 million, with a homeless population estimated at 4317 in 2015.9,10 The metropolitan area is primarily located in Fulton County, where there was an average of 55 cases of TB per year from 2008 to 2015, and 36% of TB cases occurred among PEH.7 The county’s public health response to the...

JOURNAL NAME: Research on Social Work Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective: To test the effectiveness of Houvast: a strengths-based intervention for homeless young adults. Method: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted with 10 Dutch shelter facilities randomly allocated to an intervention and a control group. Homeless young adults were interviewed when entering the facility and when care ended. Repeated-measures analyses and logistic regression analyses were conducted by the principle of...
JOURNAL NAME: Contraception
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

 In this cross-sectional study, 54 homeless women in Chicago who were at risk of unintended pregnancy were surveyed via structured in-person interviews regarding their pregnancy intentions, contraceptive preferences and barriers to obtaining effective contraception.

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This chapter explores and synthesises what welfare agencies perceive to be the main consequences of austerity on their day-to-day operations. Issues that concern financial barriers (unemployment benefits and uninsured persons), organisational deficiencies (strict shelter admission regulations and/or lack of expertise), or cultural constraints (stigmatisation and discrimination in public health services) are placed within a broader perspective...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Estimates and maps of different forms of homelessness and poverty in Athens are produced by using FEANTSA’sETHOS typology and Hopper’s classification of visible and invisible homelessness. Findings suggest a significant increase of (visible) homelessness mostly concerning people in various shelters and recently arrived immigrants, while roofless street persons are less numerous than expected. Existing provisions cannot address the dramatic...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This chapter maps the multiple effects of the crisis in metropolitan areas of Southern Europe: rising urban poverty, unemployment, household over-indebtedness, the increase of children in poverty risk, deterioration of the living conditions of immigrants, and marginalisation of asylum seekers, which cumulatively exacerbate historically established patterns of poverty in Southern Europe. These effects reflect historical divisions between North...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Research in metropolitan cities of the Global North, such as New York, Los Angeles, London, Berlin, or Paris, has depicted the messy character of neoliberal reforms addressing only street homelessness and the visible poor. We set out a conceptual framework for the comparative study of poverty taking into account both its visible and invisible aspects in Southern European cities. Contested landscapes of poverty assistance are being reshaped by...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Criminal Justice and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Utilizing 400 youths living on the street, the article examines the social schematic theory of crime developed by Simons and Burt. It explores the role homelessness, physical abuse, emotional neglect, violent victimization, and peers play in the development of criminogenic knowledge structures (CKSs). It then examines the associations between adverse experiences, the CKS, and crime. Results show that deviant peers mediate the relationships...

JOURNAL NAME: PPP Poverty & Public Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Invisible Nation, written by Richard Schweid, draws attention to homelessness in America. Schweid was born in Nashville, Tennessee, and since then has lived in Boston, Massachusetts; Fairfax, Virginia; Portland, Oregon; and Trenton, New Jersey. While living in each city, Schweid interviewed homeless families and agencies that helped those in need. He made it his mission to connect with individuals on a personal level. Each year, families are...

ORGANIZATION: The Government of Canada
RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The National Housing Strategy, announced on November 22, 2017, is a 10-year, $40-billion plan that will give more Canadians a place to call home.

The Strategy is a national initiative, built through extensive consultations over approximately 2 years with Canadians from all walks of life: experts, stakeholders, think tanks, and people with lived experiences to provide a diversity of housing perspectives.

ORGANIZATION: City of Yellowknife
RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A CALL TO ACTION

Everyone is Home: Yellowknife’s 10 Year Plan to End Homelessness

The people of the North have taken on and overcome seemingly insurmountable challenges. Yellowknifers carve their lives from an environment others see as harsh and unforgiving as much as it is breathtaking. As in many Northwest Territories communities, the city is forging a future made up of increasing diversity, grounded in ways of life...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the last decade, governments across Canada have increasingly mandated that policies and programmes to address homelessness follow a Housing First approach. Such an approach suggests that someone who is experiencing homelessness should be housed immediately, and any individual-level factors that contributed to their homelessness, such as mental health issues and addictions, will be addressed afterwards. The uptake of Housing First has...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

Child poverty and the well-being of children is an important policy issue throughout the industrialised world. Some 47 million children in 'rich' countries live in families so poor that their health and well-being are at risk. The main themes addressed are: · the extent and trend of child poverty in industrialised nations; · outcomes for children - for example, the relationship between childhood experiences and children's health; · country...

ORGANIZATION: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Missed Opportunities: National Estimates summarizes the results of the Voices of Youth Count national survey that estimates the percentage of United States youth, ages 13 to 25, who have experienced unaccompanied homelessness at least once during a recent 12-month period. Results show that approximately one in 10 American young adults ages 18 to 25, and at least one in 30 adolescent minors ages 13 to 17, endures some form of homelessness....

ORGANIZATION: The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness, Eva’s Initiatives For Homeless Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

BACKGROUND 

In general, youth service providers have a strong interest in learning how effective they are in improving the quality of life for youth experiencing homelessness. But it has proven difficult to identify a coherent framework in which to measure outcomes, and young people's voices have not traditionally been brought into the evaluation process as the people most impacted by these services. 

With...

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