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ORGANIZATION: National Coalition for the Homeless
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

The National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) has documented 1,650 acts of violence against homeless individuals by housed perpetrators over the past 17 years (1999-2015). These crimes are believed to have been motivated by the perpetrators‘ biases against people experiencing homelessness or by their ability to target homeless people with relative ease. The crimes include an array of atrocities such as murder, beatings, rapes, and even...

ORGANIZATION: Civic Enterprises & Hart Research Associates
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Student homelessness is on the rise, with more than 1.3 million homeless students identified during the 2013-14 school year. This is a 7 percent increase from the previous year and more than double the number of homeless students in 2006-07. As high as these numbers seem, they are almost certainly undercounts.

Despite increasing numbers, these students – as well as the school liaisons and state coordinators who support them – report...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

ABSTRACT

Qualitative narrative interviews were conducted with 195 participants with histories of homelessness and mental illness at baseline and at an 18-month follow-up. Participants were randomly assigned at baseline to Housing First (HF; n = 119) or treatment as usual (TAU; n = 76) in five Canadian cities. Changes in consumers’ narratives over time were examined for 13 life domains (e.g., housing stability, typical day, social...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Abstract

Canadians experiencing homelessness often live with severe substance use (Aubry et al., 2015; Khandor & Mason, 2007). Health challenges related to severe substance use contribute to the early mortality experienced by homeless Canadians (Hwang, Wilkins, Tjepkema, O’Campo & Dunn, 2009). This population also experience health and social system disadvantages. Using General Systems Theory, relationships between substance...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychology in the Schools
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Affecting more than 1 million youth, student homelessness is growing at an unprecedented rate in the United States. This is alarming because homeless students face significant barriers to their academic success and positive life outcomes. Unfortunately, despite the significant risks and challenges they face, homeless students often are overlooked and not provided with important educational and social-emotional supports. In addition,...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Work in Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Abstract

The meanings of homelessness are fluid and socially constructed, providing resources and limitations for individuals to negotiate their identities and relationships in everyday life. In this study, we examine the strategies and corresponding resources utilized by people who are homeless to cope with the labeling of a homeless identity and to redefine their identities. We used constant comparative analysis to examine in-depth...

JOURNAL NAME: AI Magazine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Abstract

Homeless youth are prone to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) due to their engagement in high risk behavior such as unprotected sex, sex under influence of drugs, and so on. Many non-profit agencies conduct interventions to educate and train a select group of homeless youth about HIV prevention and treatment practices and rely on word-of-mouth spread of information through their social network. Previous work in strategic...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Children and Poverty
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

ABSTRACT

This study tests links between adversity and health problems among children in family emergency housing. Children who experience family homelessness are at risk to also experience high levels of stress, health problems, and need for pediatric care. Understanding the connection between stress and health holds the potential to reduce persistent health disparities. Analyses tested whether experiencing a greater number of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Abstract

There has been increasing interest in the area of transracial adoption over the past decade, as there has recently been an increase in the number of Caucasian couples parenting nonCaucasian children (Lindsey, 2012). Although much research has been conducted regarding transracial adoption, very few studies have spoken directly with transracial adoptees. The present study addressed this gap in the literature through conducting...

JOURNAL NAME: Development and Psychopathology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Abstract

Effortful control has been demonstrated to have important ramifications for children's self-regulation and social–emotional adjustment. However, there are wide socioeconomic disparities in children's effortful control, with impoverished children displaying heightened difficulties. The current study was designed to demonstrate how instability within the proximal rearing context of young children may serve as a key operant on...

ORGANIZATION: JRF (Joseph Towntree Foundation)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Executive Summary

Overarching findings

There is no 'silver bullet' in terms of a single community-led approach that is best placed to tackle poverty. There are a wide range of community-led approaches and povertyrelated outcomes vary across and within approaches in terms of scale, nature and timing. Some approaches impact on 'material' forms of poverty by reducing costs such as housing or fuel, providing access to low cost credit, or...
RESOURCE TYPE: Homeless Count
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

On March 22nd, 2016, 46 volunteers and over 10 community partners came together to conduct the very first Point-in-Time (PiT) Count in Peterborough. By being a designated community of the Government of Canada’s Homelessness Partnering Strategy (HPS), Peterborough received funding to conduct, and take part, in the first nationally coordinated PiT Count.

A PiT Count is a strategy to help determine the extent and nature of homelessness in...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This year’s Report Card:

HIGHLIGHTS findings from Nelson’s first Point-inTime Count of homeless people REPORTS on trends and community indicators of homelessness and poverty here FEATURES voices and stories of people living this reality SHARES information on local initiatives, successes and the progress being made by our community to address poverty and homelessness.
ORGANIZATION: Statistics Canada
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

Women experiencing violent victimization often rely on social services that exist outside of the formal criminal justice system (Sinha 2013). In Canada, referrals to residential services and emergency shelters are among the most common referrals made by victim service providers (...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Network of Women’s Shelters and Transition Houses
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Shelter Voices 2016 is the third national survey of transition houses and shelters serving women and their children who have been affected by domestic and intimate partner abuse, conducted by the Canadian Network of Women’s Shelters and Transition Houses. The one-day snapshot represented 234 shelters from every province and territory in Canada. Shelter Voices provides insight on the experience, analysis and hopes of organizations,...

ORGANIZATION: OPRE
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This research brief takes advantage of data collected for the Family Options Study, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The study involves 2,282 homeless families with children who entered shelter between late 2010 and early 2012 in one of twelve communities across the country chosen based on willingness to participate and ability to provide a sufficient sample size and range of interventions: Alameda County, CA...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
ORGANIZATION: PROOF (Food Insecurity Policy Research)
RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

ORGANIZATION: PROOF (Food Insecurity Policy Research)
RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

ORGANIZATION: PROOF (Food Insecurity Policy Research)
RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

ORGANIZATION: PROOF (Food Insecurity Policy Research)
RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Patients do not start to exist when they arrive at the door of our emergency departments (ED), nor do they stop existing when they leave. Instead, before they fall ill or become injured they live and exist somewhere and when they are discharged from our care they will likely return to that same somewhere. As emergency providers (EPs), our attention must be focused on the patients in front of us, but fundamentally the details of this “...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Existing studies examining social capital and housing instability have overlooked structural factors such as discrimination, providing an incomplete explanation of the relationship between social capital and housing instability. This study addresses this limitation by exploring how discrimination and social capital are related to housing instability. This study is a secondary analysis of data collected during the Atlanta Neighborhood Pilot...

JOURNAL NAME: World Medical & Health Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Since the 1980s, black persons have been overrepresented in the United States homeless population. Given that morbidity and mortality is elevated among both the black population and the homeless population in comparison to the general U.S. population, this overrepresentation has important implications for health policy. However, the racial demographics of homelessness have received little attention from policymakers. This article reviews...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This Viewpoint examines how loosening federal restrictions on the use of Medicaid funds for housing could benefit the health and quality of life for the homeleless population while also reducing medical costs.

The health care needs and demographics of the homeless population in the United States are well understood. Although housing loss is associated with decrements in health and increased rates of acute care utilization, a small...

ORGANIZATION: National Center on Homelessness Among Veterans
RESOURCE TYPE: Conference/Presentation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Researchers have found children who are homeless are twice as likely to develop learning disabilities when compared with non-homeless children and three times as likely to develop emotional and behavioral problems (Bessuk et al., 2014). Additionally, homeless children are more likely to have deficits in regards to social skills (DiBiase & Waddell, 1995; National Child Traumatic Stress Network Homelessness and Extreme Poverty Working Group...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Homelessness and poverty are extreme forms of social exclusion which extend beyond the lack of physical or material needs. The purpose of this study was to explore and expand the concept of social exclusion within the social determinants of health perspective – to understand how the social environment, health behaviours and health status are associated with material and social deprivation.

ORGANIZATION: School of Social Work, Barry University, Miami Shores, USA
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Zoning laws that prevent sex offenders from living within close proximity to schools and other places where children congregate have proliferated over the past 10 years. In many communities, few dwellings are compliant with these laws, causing sex offenders to become homeless. First, a brief history of residence restriction laws will be provided and then the research around their impact and effectiveness will be summarized, followed by...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of adherence to antipsychotic prescription medication in a well-defined homeless cohort over a 15-year period. We hypothesized that adherence would be well below the recommended threshold for clinical effectiveness (80 %), and that it would be strongly associated with modifiable risk factors in the social environment in which homeless people live.

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