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RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1995

review current advances in biological research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) demonstrate how a biological perspective may complement psychological diagnostic techniques to achieve great precision in identifying PTSD review current knowledge on pharmacotherapy of PTSD in the context of our present understanding of the unique pathophysiology of this disorder/ [neurobiological-based] theoretical considerations will be reviewed in the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1992

(from the chapter) this chapter is devoted to a consideration of strategies for assessing risk for completed suicide, in contrast to risk for nonfatal suicide attempts, and to application of empirical knowledge about suicide to estimate the severity of suicide risk / emphasize the difference between profiles associated with imminent and long-term suicide risk as gleaned from retrospective and prospective studies /// basic epidemiological...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

This chapter describes the diagnostic criteria for substance-induced mental disorders in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), reviews epidemiological data, and discusses differential diagnosis and clinical management strategies. Psychiatric symptoms related to the use of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, and illicit drugs are reviewed. The epidemiological data on substance-induced psychotic,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998

After reviewing Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria, prevalence, concomitant medical problems, and treatment factors related to borderline personality disorder (BPD), this chapter presents an overview of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) to treat BPD patients in primary care settings. The points reviewed with direct application to primary care physicians include: (1) emotional dysregulation constitutes the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1986
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1988

(from the chapter) in this chapter, the personality characteristics of patients with each of the main mental state (axis I) disorders will be described and compared with other groups /// schizophrenia /// manic depressive psychosis /// alcohol dependence /// stress and adjustment reactions /// neurotic disorders (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1999

An overview of practical applications of the relapse prevention (RP) model of treatment for substance use disorders is presented. In the RP approach, relapse is viewed as a transitional process rather than an outcome failure, with the process consisting of a series of external and internal events that may or may not be followed by a return to pretreatment baseline levels of behavior. Section headings in this textbook chapter include: (1) what...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1996

This chapter discusses the properties of rating scales developed to help clinicians assess and monitor substance use in patients with severe mental illness. The Alcohol Use Scale (AUS) and the Drug Use Scale (DUS) incorporate Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R) criteria, and both can be modified in accordance with future DSM revisions. Both scales use clinicians' rating to classify...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1997

This chapter reviews relapse prevention strategies for persons with substance use disorders. The authors define recovery, lapse, and relapse, summarize treatment outcome studies, examine common precipitants of relapse, review models of relapse prevention, and describe specific relapse prevention strategies. Chapter sections include an overview of recovery and relapse; treatment outcome studies (inpatient versus outpatient treatment); relapse...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1992
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1992
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1994
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1995
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1994
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1991

(from the chapter) developmental issues / the drug-taking-parent model / the codependent model / repetition-compulsion / self-treatment of chronic stress disorder / trust versus mistrust / codependency and counterdependency / learned helplessness / isolation / the developmental arrest / the self-holding environment of the COSAP (child of a substance-abusing parent) / the self: an empty bottle waiting to be filled, codependent defenses / the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1993

This chapter discusses various issues and concepts involved in effective diagnostic and treatment approaches to dual diagnosis disorders. The issues covered are: epidemiology of the co-occurrence of mental and substance use disorders, relationship of psychiatry to the addiction field, models of psychiatric and addictive disorder causality, treatment of psychiatric and addictive disorders, and principles of diagnosis and treatment of dual...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1998
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 1990

(from the chapter) available literature on psychoactive substance use and various forms of self-destructive behavior will be reviewed / emphasis will be given to alcohol use, abuse, and dependence / specific reference will be given to the relationship between alcohol and other drug use and major psychiatric disorders, the emergence of research into biologic markers, the needs of special populations, and the importance of social support...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

Suicide in respect to alcohol and/or drug abuse in the elderly is discussed. It is noted that abuse of alcohol and of prescription medication is not unusual beyond age 50. In this population, complications of depression heighten suicide risk. In treating the suicidal patient, treatment of symptoms instead of the underlying disorders is a common error made in medical care. Major depression is very common in clinical practice and is often the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

In this chapter, the authors review three key factors crucial to determine whether an organization is ready for change or whether it will resist change. These factors include capacity, responsiveness, and constituencies. The chapter also discusses steps a leader must take and skills that are necessary to position the organization for change.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

Joe Hermer and Janet Masher have compiled seven of the presentations from a one-day conference held in April 2000 at the University of Toronto, devoted to discussing the social and legal consequences of Ontario's Safe Streets Act, into a small but exceptionally provocative collection. Hermer and Mosher contend that although the Safe Streets Act remains one of the more visible manifestations of the Ontario government's neo-...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

Contemporary Canadian society is plagued by increased homelessness, rising child poverty, & entrenched social inequities. In this essay, the authors look at various dimensions of Canadian poverty, including its origins & causes, the feminization of poverty, childhood poverty, homelessness, the poverty of young adults, & the failure of public policy to prevent poverty.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This is a chapter in the book "Gendered Intersections: A Collection of Readings for Women’s and Gender Studies", which explores the issues of feminism and gender equality.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

In this text, the authors argue that youth homelessness can be accounted for by a complext framework of explanations that links structural and individual determining factors. The authors propose two interpretations of youth homelessness in the North American context. The first considers the phenomenon as a specific form of homelessness resulting from social transformations in post-industrial societies. The second presents youth homelessness...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2000

From the book "Emotions in the workplace : research, theory, and practice" by Neal M. Ashkanasy; Charmine E. J. Hartel; W. J. Zerbe

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