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JOURNAL NAME: Cureus
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Introduction

Learners in the emergency department (ED) frequently encounter individuals who are homeless. We sought to evaluate the effect of an inner city emergency medicine rotation at the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH) on the attitudes of medical students and residents towards this population.

Methods

Data were collected both pre- and post-rotation using an electronic survey. Data collected included demographic...

JOURNAL NAME: Addictive Behaviors Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Background

Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Material and methods

Homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Veteran homelessness is an issue gaining in visibility. Both Veterans and the homeless seem to be more susceptible to an array of physical health issues than the general population. However, very little is known about the health status of homeless Veterans in Canada. A more thorough knowledge of the physical health status of homeless Veterans could help better target services.

This study has two objectives: (1) to estimate the...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Substance use disorder is an increasingly challenging and widespread issue throughout Canada with significant barriers negatively impacting access for treatment seekers. This paper seeks to examine the salient factors prohibiting equitable access for these individuals, while exploring a series of pragmatic considerations for policymakers to advance system efficacy. Increasing demand, treatment availability, funding prioritization, and...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study examines the decision-making skills of emerging adults that have aged out of foster care and transitioned to independent life. Emerging adults face a wide variety of life-direction determining decisions and those aging out of foster care experience even more significant transitional issues. Youth aging out of foster care may lack the requisite decision-making competencies for coping with these challenges. This study compares the...

JOURNAL NAME: The American Review of Public Administration
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Studies indicate LGBTQ youth are at higher risk of homelessness (2–13 times) than their heterosexual cisgender counterparts and that they represent a substantial portion of youth utilizing housing and shelter services. Some authors have provided anecdotal (rather than empirical) examples of LGBTQ youth experiencing abuse or mistreatment in shelters; most studies focusing on LGBTQ homeless youth have been conducted in large cities and have...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Studies indicate LGBTQ youth are at higher risk of homelessness (2–13 times) than their heterosexual cisgender counterparts and that they represent a substantial portion of youth utilizing housing and shelter services. Some authors have provided anecdotal (rather than empirical) examples of LGBTQ youth experiencing abuse or mistreatment in shelters; most studies focusing on LGBTQ homeless youth have been conducted in large cities and have...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Health Promotion
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose:

To examine attitudes toward tobacco control policies among older African American homeless-experienced smokers.

Approach:

A qualitative study.

Setting:

Oakland, California.

Participants:

Twenty-two African American older homeless-experienced smokers who were part of a longitudinal study on health and health-related outcomes (Health Outcomes of People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age...

JOURNAL NAME: Sociological Forum
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Intimate partner and community violence are an unrelenting presence in the lives of homeless Latina and African American women and their children. Impoverished neighborhoods are inundated with public acts of violence that impact daily life in profound ways....

JOURNAL NAME: Child Abuse & Neglect
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study investigated the perceptions of foster parents of children with disabilitiesconcerning their interactions with school personnel. We conducted semi-structured...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Smoke-free policies effectively reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among non-smokers, and reduce consumption, encourage quit attempts, and minimize relapse to smoking among smokers. Such policies are uncommon in permanent supportive housing (PSH) for formerly homeless individuals. In this study, we collaborated with a PSH provider in San Diego, California to assess a smoke-free policy that restricted indoor smoking. Between August and...

JOURNAL NAME: PLOS One
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Despite their poor health status, homeless women encounter many barriers to care. The objectives of our study were to estimate the prevalence of unmet healthcare needs in homeless women and to analyse associated relationships with the following factors: financial and spatial access to care, housing history, migration status, healthcare utilisation, victimization history, caring for children, social network and self-perceived health status....

JOURNAL NAME: Social Work and Social Sciences Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract: The current study is an investigation of homelessness from the viewpoint of the homeless, to determine the extent homeless individuals can provide information about causes of their homelessness, resources they need to leave the sheltered environment and attitudes about their current living arrangements. The 51 male and 52 female homeless participants in this study provided information about causes, resources needed and attitudes....

JOURNAL NAME: World Medical & Health Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

As is the case across the nation, youth in California experiencing homelessness are often undercounted and overlooked. We Count, California!, a collaboration between the California Homeless Youth Project and the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health was formed to support California communities in better counting and describing their homeless youth in the 2015 Point-in-Time (PIT) count. Project activities included a series...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Background and Aim: There is a lack of information about the nutritional health of homeless youth, one of the most vulnerable populations within society. Nutritional health influences the risk for poorer health outcomes. Homeless youth experience various challenges that could be related to their nutritional health. The goal of this study is to characterize the nutritional and dietary status of a sample of homeless youth in a Midwestern city...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless girls are victims of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse more frequently than the rest of the population. Consequently, their well-being is severely affected. Nonetheless, there is little information about this social group which leads to lack of proper care that, in turn, reduces their quality of life. This research was conducted to develop and test a path model of well-being in a group of 240 Mexican homeless girls aged 6–23...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Work and Social Sciences Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a global phenomenon that is escalating for economic, social, structural and political reasons. Many organisations render services to the homeless in the inner city of Tshwane (Region Three), but these services have not been explored. This article discusses a qualitative research study focusing on the social services rendered to the homeless in Tshwane Region Three. Beneficiaries of the services include men, women and children...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To help create an evidence base in Europe for effective interventions that improve the well-being of homeless people, we tested whether critical time intervention (CTI), a time-limited intervention developed to support vulnerable people during times of transition, is effective outside the United States. For this multicenter, parallel-group randomized controlled trial, 183 adults who were moving from shelters in the Netherlands to supported or...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Chantal Butchinsky aims to explore the ways that neoliberal urban policies have affected the lives of homeless people and discusses how street homeless people deploy survival and resistance strategies in neoliberal cities. Research using an anthropological methodology focuses particularly on the case study of a chronically homeless man, Double Diamond. ‘Roll out’ neoliberal policies since the 1980s have created a ‘new regime’, whereby city...

JOURNAL NAME: Statistics Canada Health Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Based on results of the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey–Mental Health, 1.2% of Canadians aged 15 to 64 (an estimated 282,000) experienced mental and substance use disorders concurrently in the previous year (at least one mood/anxiety disorder and one substance use disorder). Demographic, socioeconomic, health status and service use characteristics of the concurrent disorder group were compared with those of people who had only a mood/...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Student Science and Technology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This research paper focuses on the attempts of the Canadian government to deal with food scarcity in the Indigenous community. Despite the many efforts of the government to make amends with the Indigenous population, they have some of the highest rates of poverty demographically in Canada. Food scarcity is a major topic when talking about Indigenous people because many live in areas where there is no access to healthy affordable food. Many do...

JOURNAL NAME: Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The intersection of homelessness and transportation is an overlooked component of transport-related exclusion research, yet mobility is recognized as playing a significant role in anyone’s well-being. The lack of research in this field is concurrent with the lack of understanding of homeless individuals’ mobility needs and travel behavior. As a result, there is little that can guide the policy-making process for the travel needs of homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

After the presentation, the audience will be able to: 1) identify three factors contributing to a worsening health status; 2) describe at least one nutrition and one physical activity methodology used in the program intervention; and 3) using the data presented, assess the program intervention’s effectiveness at improving metabolic markers and overall health.

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Our findings confirm a poor diet quality among homeless youth, although, this was not associated with their health related quality of life. Gender and ethnic difference does exist with respect to homeless youth mental HRQoL and diet quality. These findings may help practitioners determine sub populations in need of more targeted interventions.

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Sociology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Drawing on the perspectives of young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer (LGBTIQ) people who have experienced homelessness across metropolitan Adelaide and Sydney, Australia, the article outlines many of the challenges and barriers that confronted them. We argue that traditional views in policy and practice that treat homelessness as a homogeneous category are detrimental to this young cohort. With more young people...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Sciences
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The positive relationship between social support and mental health has been well documented, but individuals experiencing chronic homelessness face serious disruptions to their social networks. Housing First (HF) programming has been shown to improve health and stability of formerly chronically homeless individuals. However, researchers are only just starting to understand the impact HF has on residents’ individual social integration. The...

JOURNAL NAME: First Peoples Child & Family Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The sexual exploitation of youth is a complex and multidimensional social problem. Understanding the antecedents and factors that entrap youth into the world of sexual exploitation is imperative for effective interventions. This article presents a visual entitled the Waters of Sexual Exploitation that is used as a training tool for social service personnel to understand the world of sexually exploited youth. The visual was developed through...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Drug Issues
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The current study assessed the relative influence of both injunctive and descriptive norms in the context of different referent groups (i.e., family, street peers, home-based peers, and staff members) on past 30-day methamphetamine, heroin, and injection drug use behaviors of homeless youth. Cross-sectional data (N = 911) were collected from three drop-in centers in Los Angeles, California. The study consisted of two parts: a social network...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Photovoice is a participatory action research method that empowers participants to photograph their everyday lives as a means of documenting and advocating for their needs; it has rarely been utilized with young people experiencing homelessness. The current study examined the feasibility, accessibility, and preliminary outcomes associated with participation in Asking for Change, a manualized Photovoice intervention, among youth (ages 18–21)...

JOURNAL NAME: Contemporary School Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this study, we explored the life stories of unaccompanied homeless youth (UHY) who continued to attend high school despite no longer being in the custody of a parent or guardian. A qualitative approach allowed participants to share their life stories in their own words. Nine students (five males, four females) ranging in age from 17 to 20 were recruited from a community-based organization serving homeless youth to participate in individual...

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