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RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Objective

Young adults living in single room occupancy (SRO) hotels, a form of low-income housing, are known to have complex health and substance problems compared to their peers in the general population. The objective of this study is to comprehensively describe the mental, physical, and social health profile of young adults living in SROs.

 

Methods

This study reports baseline data from young adults aged 18–29...

JOURNAL NAME: Justice Quarterly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Homeless youth are at an increased risk of police contact—being stopped by police and arrested, yet it is less clear if this interaction is patterned by race. The current study draws on diverse scholarship to examine three possible effects of race on homeless youths’ interaction with police: that non-White homeless youth are more likely (disproportionate minority contact/symbolic assailants), less likely (out-of-place policing) or...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Palliative Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Background

Homeless people often suffer from complex and chronic comorbidities, have high rates of morbidity and die at much younger ages than the general population. Due to a complex combination of physical, psychosocial and addiction problems at the end of life, they often have limited access to palliative care. Both the homeless and healthcare providers experience a lot of barriers. Therefore, providing palliative care that...

JOURNAL NAME: Criminal Justice and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Treatment readiness is a key predictor of drug treatment completion, rearrest, and recidivism during community reentry; however, limited data exist among homeless female offenders (HFOs). The purpose of this study was to present baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of 130 HFOs who had been released from jail or prison. Over half (60.8%) of HFOs had a treatment readiness score of ≥40 (n = 79, mean [μ] = 40.2, SD = 8.72...

JOURNAL NAME: Seattle University Homeless Rights Advocacy Project
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

The act of panhandling, commonly known as begging, is a form of speech protected by the United States Constitution. But Washington’s cities are increasingly enacting laws that criminalize begging, despite courts finding these laws unconstitutional under both the First Amendment and the Due Process Clause. This brief surveys begging restrictions, assessing their scope and legality. This report offers the first statewide analysis of...

JOURNAL NAME: The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract Objective:

This study examines health and service use outcomes and associated factors among homeless adults participating in a brief interdisciplinary intervention following discharge from hospital.

Method:

Using a pre-post cohort design, 223 homeless adults with mental health needs were enrolled in the Coordinated Access to Care for the Homeless (CATCH) program, a 4- to 6-month interdisciplinary intervention...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Housing-led interventions have become recognized as a best practice for addressing homelessness among adults, yet whether and how they apply to transition-age youth (TAY) is less clear. The purpose of the present study is to expand on a burgeoning literature that has provided marginalized TAY an opportunity to voice their perspectives on housing-led program design. The goal of the study it to build on the existing literature that...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Marriage and Family
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Existing research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth homelessness identifies family rejection as a main pathway into homelessness for the youth. This finding, however, can depict people of color or poor people as more prejudiced than White, middle‐class families. In this 18‐month ethnographic study, the author complicates this rejection paradigm through documenting the narratives of 40 LGBTQ youth...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article argues for the utility of phenomenology in accounting for the manner in which spatial methods yield insights into the everyday lived experiences of young people that are not as easily accessible through more traditional qualitative methods such as interviewing. Spatial methods, defined as methods that focus on the everyday spatial experiences of young people and methods that ask youth to position themselves in space, have been...

JOURNAL NAME: Sociology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

This article is based on a cross-national qualitative study of homeless and street-involved youth living within Olympic host cities. Synthesizing a Lefebvrian spatial analysis with Debord’s concept of ‘the spectacle’, the article analyses the spatial experiences of homeless young people in Vancouver (host to the 2010 Winter Olympics) and draws some comparisons to London (host to the 2012 Summer Olympics). Tracing encounters with police,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

This paper explores the democratic potential for participatory filmmaking with homeless youth, as well as the constraints and dilemmas associated with this visual method. Theorizing democracy through the work of Hannah Arendt and Pierre Bourdieu, the paper approaches democracy not as an end, but rather as a process that seeks to lessen social injustice. Bourdieu's work helps us appreciate, however, that this process is constrained by...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Policy Debate
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Although almost all homeless people are poor, most poor people do not experience homelessness. We use a detailed national survey to explore the role of social ties—including connection to relatives, friends, and religious community—in explaining why only a subset of poor adults fall into homelessness. We find that lifetime incidence of homelessness is reduced by 60% for individuals with strong ties along each of these dimensions....

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatry Online
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is shifting its focus from ending veteran homelessness to preventing veteran suicides. With supporting data, this Open Forum argues that VA homelessness services also help address veteran suicides. Analysis of a nationally representative survey of U.S. veterans in 2015 shows that veterans with a history of homelessness attempted suicide in the previous two years at a rate >5.0...

JOURNAL NAME: Child Abuse & Neglect
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Previous studies that have explored the association between childhood trauma and homelessness indicate that traumatic events can lead to survivor distrust of interpersonal relationships and institutions, prolonged homelessness and poor health and social outcomes. The majority of this literature relies on quantitative data and fails to investigate the personal experiences of childhood trauma that are found to impact housing status...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore how marginalization, substance abuse, and service utilization influence the transitions between streets, shelters, and housed states over the course of 2 years in a population of urban homeless adults. Survey responses from three yearly interviews of 400 homeless adults were matched with administrative services data collected from regional health, mental health, and housing service providers....

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract Purpose

This study is an outcome evaluation of Bay Area Youth Center's Real Alternatives for Adolescents (RAFA) transitional housing program in Hayward, California.

Methods

This study examined a sample of 55 youth ages 16 to 21 who lived in the RAFA transitional program between 2007 and 2015.

Results

About 96% were in residing in stable housing at follow up, there were low rates of parenting before age 22 (41% of...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Public Integrity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

What is the solution to LGBT youth homelessness? If you’re reading this, then it is likely that you (like me) wish for a clear and actionable perhaps simple instructive answer to that question. I imagine that you (like me) know that we do not live in clear and simple times. And there is no single solution to the social problems that contribute to homelessness among LGBT youth— including heterosexism/homophobia, cisgenderism/transbias (the...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract This paper discusses findings from the first ever large-scale study on public attitudes to homelessness in the UK. While experts believe that ‘homelessness’ encompasses a wide range of insecure housing situations and some groups are at higher risk of homelessness than others, public attitudes and action towards the issue do not appear to follow suit. The research used four sources of data – 15 expert interviews; 20 in-depth cultural...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Social service outreach workers serving homeless populations exemplify Michael Lipsky’s concept of street-level bureaucrats who exert considerable discretionary power in performance of their roles. In their efforts to qualify their homeless clients for housing, outreach workers create “fitting stories” that present their clients as qualified for support within the social service contexts that provide housing services. We describe...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Housing is a key social determinant of health that contributes to the well-documented relationship between socioeconomic status and health. This study explored how individuals with histories of unstable and precarious housing perceive their housing or shelter situations, and the impact of these settings on their health and well-being. Participants were recruited from the Health and Housing in Transition study (HHiT), a longitudinal...

JOURNAL NAME: Health Services Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract Objective

To assess the impact of a New York City supportive housing program on housing stability and preventable emergency department (ED) visits/hospitalizations among heads of homeless families with mental and physical health conditions or substance use disorders.

Data Sources

Multiple administrative data from New York City and New York State for 966 heads of families eligible for the program during 2007–12.

Study...
JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018
Abstract

Each year, >1 million American children and youth experience homelessness (Hammer, Finkelhor, & Sedlak, 2002Office of Applied Studies, 2004). The transient nature of this population makes it difficult to study, but...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2010
Abstract

Young, homeless women often become pregnant, but little is known about how street youth experience their pregnancies. We documented 26 pregnancy outcomes among 13 homeless women (ages 18–26) and eight homeless men through interviews and participant-observation. Eight pregnancies were voluntarily terminated, three were miscarried, and fifteen were carried to term. Regardless of pregnancy outcome, street youths...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014
Abstract Background

Street-involved youth are more likely to experience trauma and adverse events in childhood; however, little is known about exposure to the child welfare system among this vulnerable population. This study sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of being in government care among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada.

Methods

From September 2005 to November 2012, data were...

JOURNAL NAME: The School of Public Policy Publications
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018

Summary

The seeds of chronic homelessness, with the addictions and mental illness that often accompany it, are sown frequently in traumatic childhoods. A survey of 300 people experiencing chronic homelessness and those sleeping rough in Calgary reveals that these individuals have suffered childhood trauma at a rate five times higher than the general population. Those traumas include neglect, parents with addiction issues, domestic...
JOURNAL NAME: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE STUDIES
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract 

The campaign to end poverty by 2030, as advocated by the World Bank, has multifaceted components. Food security and abject poverty have received more attention; however, little attention has been focused on housing insecurity. This is important, especially given the fact that it is widely acknowledged that housing satiates an essential human need for physical security, dignity and prosperity, among other things. Housing, for some...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Experimental Criminology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2018


Abstract Objective

To evaluate the effect of emergency winter homeless shelters on property crimes in the nearby communities.

Methods

Every winter between 2009 and 2016, the City of Vancouver, Canada opened shelters to protect the homeless from harsh winter conditions. The city opened 19 shelters, but only five to nine of them were open in any one winter. Using the variation in timing and...

JOURNAL NAME: Parity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract:

 Part of Te Matapihi's role in housing is to champion the rights of our pani me te rawakore, to identify gaps in policy development and service provision, and to amplify the voices and experiences of individuals and organisations experiencing or responding to housing issues. The absence of good quality data is a persistent issue, hindering policies from being appropriately targeted to the specific needs of minority groups, such...
JOURNAL NAME: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Background An identified unmet need for people who are homeless in Torbay to access end of life care services and hospice provision. Also identifying the end of life training needs of the workforce supporting homeless people across Torbay.

Aim To connect with homeless workforces to enable them to identify those individuals who would benefit from access to end of life care services and support.

Methods To...

JOURNAL NAME: Sociology Compass
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Studies of homelessness and health date back to at least the 1970s. The current paper presents a summary on the state of the literature on homelessness and health since the onset of Housing First initiatives. Housing First initiatives represent a change in the previously used model used by social services providers and government agencies from recovery first to housing first, a recognition that homeless people should be housed before...

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