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RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Census Results book contains a summary of current data, historical data, ward comparisons, and ward and community summaries. In addition, several graphs and charts are included.

The Civic Census is completed annually beginning in the month of April. Beginning with Census Online, which provides Calgary residents with the opportunity to self complete the questionnaire at their own convenience. Door-to-door collection begins following...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

In North America there are an estimated 2 million street involved youth. Street involved youth have higher rates of infections such as HIV and other STIs. They are also exposed to a greater amount of respiratory illness and malnutrition. Outreach is the first step in service delivery for street involved youth. Organizations approach outreach in several ways, and have different methods for understanding successful outreach.

Outreach is...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

A key challenge in developing solutions to homelessness is that research does not always have a big impact on policy and practice. Typical ways of publishing academic research make it difficult to understand. Research is often presented in ways that make it challenging for policy makers and practitioners to use.

Academic papers and reports are usually published by academic journals. The peer review process is meant to maintain a high...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In March 2017, Vox Pop Labs, in consultation with the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness, conducted a study to understand public opinion regarding homelessness and housing in the Golden Horseshoe area. The study was fielded to Vox Pop Labs’ proprietary research panel; nearly 1,000 validated responses were collected between April 24 and April 27, 2017. The data was both pre- and post-stratified to ensure that the results discussed in this...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

On October 14th about 40 Saskatonians, most with the lived experience of housing insecurity, provided many suggestions for our 1st National Housing Strategy. This is a summary but not a complete list, starting with the most commonly heard comments where possible.

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2015, for the second year in a row, child poverty rates declined in the United States. However, familiar patterns in levels and characteristics of child poverty persist: more than one in five children are poor; children of color are at disproportionate risk for poverty; and rates are highest in the South and West and in rural areas and cities. This brief uses data from the American Community Survey to investigate patterns of child poverty...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This fact sheet outlines the benefits of art-making for youth who are homeless, how the arts can be used to addess the causes and effects of youth homelessness, and provides tips for creating an impactful arts program.

From the Research Matters Blog

This fact sheet is based on Kaitlin Schwan's blog post, Can...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

When the results of Montreal’s most recent homelessness point-in-time (PIT) count were announced at a downtown Montreal press conference in July 2015, one of the most startling findings, at least from the point of view of a social gerontologist, was that 41% of the total homeless population and 49% of shelter users were aged 50 years and older (Latimer et al., 2015). Consistent with this, a number of Montreal agencies have reported a fourfold...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Currently, there is very little research examining the prevalence of problem and pathological gambling among people experiencing homelessness. To fill this gap, this study investigates the issue of problem gambling among clients of a homeless shelter in Toronto, Ontario. The researchers’ goal is to estimate the prevalence of problem gambling among these clients.

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RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Though studies have found that homeless individuals use emergency department services three to four times more than the general population, little research has been done to address the ways in which we can reduce this frequency of use. In this study, the researchers test whether a Housing First approach can lower emergency department visits among homeless adults with mental disorders. A Housing First approach prioritizes the need to...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016
Homelessness and substance use often coexist. Lack of affordable housing, poverty, and current drug policies create an environment in which risks of substance use are increased. Ensuring that people have housing regardless of substance use can reduce these risks. Harm reduction approaches are an important part of strategies to end homelessness. A cornerstone of many comprehensive strategies to end homelessness is a Housing First philosophy...
RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Homelessness is partly caused by a lack affordable housing in Canada. Several cities have made attempts to implement plans to end homelessness. There is still a lack of coordinated funding. The federal government spends about $135M on homelessness. The ten largest communities receive 80% of the money. The remaining 20% is split between 51 communities. Smaller communities frequently lack the funds needed to create stable housing. Despite...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

While prevailing stereotypes may dismiss much of the homeless as drug addicts and/or alcoholics, there is a true chicken-or-egg causative relationship between homelessness and addiction. Does addiction cause homelessness, or does homelessness cause addiction? As the National Coalition for the Homeless points out, the answer is that addiction is both a cause and result of homelessness.

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Approximately 16 households are evicted in Milwaukee every day. Who are they, and what is driving these numbers? To answer that question, Matthew Desmond of Harvard University analyzed 29,960 eviction records, surveyed 251 people at eviction court, and followed 11 families through the course of their evictions. His analysis, published in the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

As an update to earlier reviews on the relationship between housing and health, the authors examined recent research on the various ways in which the production, rehabilitation, or other provision of affordable housing may affect health outcomes for children, adults, and older adults. This report is organized around ten hypotheses on the contribution of affordable housing to supporting positive health outcomes. Overall, the research supports...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

Using summaries, pictures and real voices this short document takes a look at the findings from group conversations with the hidden homeless in South East and North West England. These discussions are a small part of a three year research project, funded by LankellyChase, investigating the long term impact on health and wellbeing of single homeless households living in unsupported temporary accommodation.

For further information, see...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

This website provides a knowledge translation tool for mental health workers addressing mental illness among people who are homeless.

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Questioning (LGBTQ) youth are over-represented among the homeless youth population. Researchers and practitioners are working to improve data on homeless youth, especially LGBTQ youth, across the country. This brief summarizes the findings on LGBTQ homeless youth counted during the 2013 YouthCount!, a federal interagency initiative that aims to improve counts of unaccompanied homeless youth. The brief...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

The following are key findings from a qualitative study seeking to understand some of the challenges in providing services to people who use drugs (PWUD). The challenges were explored from the perspective of emergency department and shelter staff. The research was developed in collaboration with people working in community, university, and health care sectors. For the purposes of this study ‘drug use’ was defined as the use of any drug (legal...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Research consistently shows that people experiencing homelessness want to work. In fact, many are employed, but often precariously. The broader homeless population faces a variety of barriers to employment, including the experience of homelessness itself, plus other obstacles such as lack of experience, physical or mental health barriers, and challenges related to re-entry from incarceration or hospitalization. Fortunately, “there are...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

There has been a lack of research that expresses the experience of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. This has allowed misconceptions about how people experience homelessness. One of these misconceptions is that Aboriginal Peoples travel between the urban centre and rural reservation. This research has confirmed that people who leave the reservation are not likely to move back.

...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Homeless children, like children in poverty generally, suffer a high rate of many physical and mental health conditions. This brief, based on a recent study in the American Journal of Public Health, finds that although homelessness takes its toll in many ways, it does not itself have a significantly adverse effect on young children’s physical or mental health or cognitive development. Rather poverty and other conditions in vulnerable families...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Policy decisions are largely based on a body of evidence that can be drawn on. In the case of policies on Aboriginal Peoples experiencing homelessness, there is a lack of research on the dynamics of homelessness, including credible attempts to capture an adequate count.

A large number of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada live in urban settings. There are populations that also move between the city and reserves, however it is unclear...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Street-involved youth adapt and develop skills that allow them to cope with many difficulties they face on the street. These skills can be forms of protection and sources of risk. But these strategies can only help youth for a limited time. Youth were able to more successfully cope with street life when they had access to sources of stable community and financial supports.

...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

This research examines Canada’s responses to youth homelessness. Unlike the United Kingdom, Australia and even the United States, which look at youth homelessness as an issue separate and distinct from adult homelessness, Canada is lagging behind and tends to create “homelessness junior” services. The research, responses and programs that the author evaluates and examines in this report show that there are innovative and unique ways of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013

Homelessness can increase the risk of injection drug use amongst youth. This means that interventions that address housing may also reduce high-risk drug use behaviours. Programs that address risks associated with drug use are also necessary in order to limit exposure and likelihood of injection drug use and other high-risk behaviours.

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RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2004

Based on research by Chris Chamberlain of the AHURI RMIT-NATSEM Research Centre and David MacKenzie of the AHURI Swinburne-Monash Research Centre. This study examines the main causes of, and pathways into, homelessness for school students.

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

"Not In My Back Yard" (NIMBY) is a phenomenon by which residents of a community adopt protectionist attitudes and oppositional tactics to prevent an unwelcome project from developing in their neighbourhood. To investigate this issue, 46 case studies were developed for a variety of projects across Canada, including, amongst others, homeless shelters, supported housing, and transitional and long-term affordable housing. By revealing specific...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This study examines how social housing providers accommodate homeless applicants and explores ways in which access to housing could be improved for homeless people. Interviews were conducted with a diverse set of twenty social housing providers from four provinces, serving a range of target populations. Numerous systemic, organizational and individual barriers which homeless people face when accessing social housing are identified and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2003

The study examined causes of family homelessness in 10 major Canadian centers, with all but one reporting it to be a growing problem. Homeless families are a diverse group, but the most overwhelming common thread was that 80% of the families studied were headed by young single mothers between the ages of 26 and 29. Solutions must address the root causes of the problem, which are primarily a lack of affordable housing, inadequate incomes and...

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