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RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The primary purpose of this research study is to explore the narratives of individuals experiencing homelessness within Waterloo Region as well as the practices of those working with the homeless population. The experience of homelessness is often met with an intersection of complex issues including mental health, substance abuse, deteriorating physical health, trauma, etc. Within this study, the concept of “home” and “community” are explored...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Climate change has led to an increase in extreme heat events (EHE) in Canada and globally, which are directly associated with morbidity and mortality. Homeless populations are particularly vulnerable to the health effects of EHE due to a combination of broad risk factors.

To examine the current state of knowledge on ways to mitigate the risks of EHE in academic literature, twenty-three studies from five databases were reviewed. Studies...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Patients who frequently use Emergency Department (ED) services are particularly vulnerable to poor health outcomes and have high healthcare costs. Homeless high users have particularly complex healthcare needs and increased difficulty in using and accessing healthcare. To determine modifiable targets for intervention, understanding patient perspectives on their healthcare service use must first occur; however, patient perspectives...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless students are at risk for poor academic performance. The purpose of this descriptive research study was to investigate supportive academic services available to students in homeless facilities in Tennessee in order to better understand homeless facilities’ contributions to successful academic performance. Supportive academic services include the provision of basic needs, school supplies and work area, tutoring, supervised care,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

People experiencing homelessness consistently fail to access palliative care services (Care Quality Commission 2016) and while there is much in the literature surrounding the barriers to appropriate health care (Hudson et al 2016), their specific needs and wishes remain poorly understood by health care professionals (Care Quality Commission 2016). This study aims to bridge the gap in knowledge.

The research question

The...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In Los Angeles County, the most vulnerable of those experiencing homelessness, youth under eighteen, number over 100,000. The negative impact of the trauma and realities of homelessness on their ability to obtain an education, while currently measured in terms of high dropout rates, expulsion, suspension, repeat of grades and other academic setbacks, cannot be fully quantified. In Los Angeles, there is finally an urgency to address the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

43% of all transwomen have been homeless at some point in their lives. For transwomen, discrimination and subjugation, known as cisgenderism, continues as they access shelter services. Housing insecure transwomen are met at the shelter door by staff whose decision making power combines with the invisible effects of cisgenderism, in most cases, to negatively impact this vulnerable population.

Ten persons self-identifying as transwomen,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless young women become pregnant at exceptionally high rates, and such pregnancies often pose serious emotional, social, and physical health concerns. Perhaps surprisingly, many homeless youth intentionally seek to become pregnant or involved in pregnancy, as pregnancy and parenthood are viewed as conduits toward accessing social services and meaningful social connections to others that this group often lacks. However, most prevention...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The goal of this research is to understand how work (both formal and informal) is situated within the lives of homeless youth and how this intersect is affected by peer networks and relationships developed on the streets. This research aims to increase understanding on whether homelessness and formal work are compatible through highlighting the everyday challenges that affect homeless youth in their struggles to successfully transition off...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Housing instability (inability to pay rent, frequent moves, moving in with others/doubling up, eviction, or homelessness) is common among low-income households and is linked with a host of negative outcomes for families and children. As rents have risen and wages have not kept pace, housing affordability has declined over the last 15 years, increasing rates of housing instability. Yet, to date, no research has examined whether the Earned...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This dissertation consists of an introductory chapter; three quantitative papers, all using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study; and a discussion chapter. Chapter Two, “For us or the children: Exploring the association between coparenting trajectories and parental commitment,” is situated in commitment theory and estimates latent growth curves. Findings suggest that coparenting relationships among unmarried parents are...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the United States, homelessness is often connected to traumatic events such as domestic violence, job loss, or post incarceration experiences, frequently resulting in substance use disorders, medical issues, and related mental illnesses. Although researchers have considered how homelessness and social service interventions affect sexual and gender minority youth, they have not adequately studied the causes and effects of homelessness among...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This qualitative Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) study explored the subjectivity of the phenomenon of homelessness among women with children. The study examined the perceived critical incidents homeless women with children ascribe to their homelessness alongside the perceptions held regarding the accessibility of available resources and recommendations by which to improve access to available resources. The study’s aim was to...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Millions of individuals and families in the United States do not have access to stable housing. Recent policies in the United States emphasize programs intended to prevent homelessness through temporary financial assistance. This paper explores the impact of the largest homelessness prevention program in U.S. history, the Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Rehousing Program (HPRP), on residential instability, using a national sample of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A homeless teen or unaccompanied youth that has no permanent place of shelter will be in need of having basic needs met. Their needs will include food, shelter, connecting with educational services, clothing, skills for job seeking and supervision and care. As homelessness persist in their lives, the youth will face unintended consequences that contribute to their homelessness like victimization. Data available about homeless youth discusses...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this study was to discover what events led to families becoming homeless and how that journey has or has not affected their school age children. Additionally, this design allowed the researcher to study the impact that homelessness has on a students’ perception of school and their ability to participate in after school programs. This research design also focused on the influence of a teacher’s perceptions, beliefs and opinions...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Although the prevalence of smoking has declined in the U.S., vulnerable populations continue to suffer from tobacco-related health disparities. An estimated 68.0- 80.0% of homeless adults are current cigarette smokers compared to 15.1% in the general population. The large gap in smoking rates suggests that current tobacco cessation programs designed to reduce smoking have little impact among individuals experiencing homelessness. The purpose...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness and suicide are two issues that plague the U.S. veteran community. This research addresses the funding allocated toward veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs and the changing veteran homelessness as well as suicide incidences. Previous research has indicated that social programs can benefit veterans at high risk for suicide or homelessness. It is theorized that an increased budget for the Department of Veterans...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The problem of homelessness is more desasterious when it happened on older people because they are susceptible to social, economic, health and psychological problems. Previous literature in Ethiopia on older people were not give emphasis on older people homelessness. And homelessness on older people was hardly conducted in Ethiopia as compared to the western countries. Therefore, the overall aim of the study was describing the living...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Family homelessness has been a persistent concern in the United States since the 1980s. (Bassuk, DeCandia, Beach, & Berman, 2014, pg. 9). Today, more than a third of the individuals experiencing homelessness live in families with children (Henry, Watt, Rosenthal, & Shivji, 2016). Members of families experiencing homelessness face many personal health risks. Adults in homeless families have elevated rates of HIV/AIDS and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

Discrimination and disparity including increased rates of poverty, homelessness, and lack of access to healthcare, are well-documented in the transgender community. Despite high prevalence of low socioeconomic status (SES), limited health research focuses on this subset of the trans patient population. This study seeks to explore barriers and facilitators to care specific to low SES and homeless trans patients.

Methods

Using a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a social and public policy concern. In the United States, homelessness is a problem with multiple and complex causes that include mental illness and the effects of physical, economic, and social conditions such as extreme poverty, exposure to the elements, mental and substance abuse disorders, malnutrition, and victimization. Transitional housing is a temporary option offered as a response to homelessness, recognizing that if...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individuals from all segments of society are affected by homelessness – the old and young, men and women, single individuals and families. The majority of individuals will experience homelessness only on a short-termed basis. However, about 10-20% will experience homelessness for years. Although, the chronically homeless represent only a fraction of the total homeless population, they utilize the majority of resources available. Current...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Children are remarkable in their ability to mitigate stress and respond with resilience, but stress still comes with consequences. Homeless children are particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of stress. Research has shown that stress is cumulative and builds up over time. Thus, a child who experiences daily hassles and small struggles may be more anxious, worried, or troubled than another child who experiences one major trauma (Berger...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless students must often deal with the stigma of homelessness when they encounter teachers who lack an understanding of the specific challenges and needs homelessness creates. Many classroom teachers have had no training or experience dealing with the homeless students. Therefore, the problem this study addressed is the lack of teachers’ awareness and preparedness needed to meet the diverse academic needs of students identified as...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Descent, affordable housing is foundational to physical and psychological health. Despite the growing interest in understanding the role of housing conditions in child and family well-being, existing studies have generally fallen short of capturing the interplay among multiple housing conditions and instead focused on a single dimension of housing (such as affordability, residential crowding). In addition, research on housing problems have...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

If women are like soldiers to Mary Wollstonecraft, in “The Female Vagrant” William Wordsworth shows us how vagrant women are like parched, shipwrecked sailors. They are Robinson Crusoes of proto-feminism. Though he speaks metaphorically, Wordsworth’s equating the female vagrant with a shipwrecked sailor is an example of an important turn toward realism that writers pursued in the Romantic era when addressing this figure. Consider that...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A small but growing body of research is finding that untold numbers of students are experiencing food and housing insecurity as they pursue their college education (Crutchfield, 2016). Homelessness or “housing insecurity” as referred to in this study is based on the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 2001, which cast a wide net when defining “homeless,” to include experiences of couch surfing and doubling-up in spaces not meant for two...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While there has been work done on homeless populations, and policies regarding homeless shelters, there has been minimal sociological research into the case workers and shelters that work with the homeless to aid them in getting into housing. I studied a day shelter for the homeless in East Tennessee that utilizes a “housing first” method. There I interviewed eleven employees, volunteers, and board members of my chosen shelter, East Tennessee...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Health care for the homeless is a major problem in American communities. Understanding the gaps, barriers and limitations in this system is imperative to providing homeless populations appropriate care. This research aims to understand the gaps in the homeless system of Worcester, Massachusetts through interviews with hospital staff and employees of agencies working with the homeless population. Analysis revealed an extremely divided system...

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