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JOURNAL NAME: Disability and Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Though disability and housing instability are discussed separately in public health literature, few studies address families at their intersection. As a result, little is known about families who experience both homelessness and disability, how many receive disability benefits like SSI and SSDI, or the influence of those benefits on health-promoting outcomes like housing stability and self-sufficiency. Moreover, no previous...

JOURNAL NAME: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Introduction

Homelessness is associated with death at a young age, frequently related to physical and mental health problems complicated by drug or alcohol dependence (Stringfellow et al., 2015). Homeless people experience high symptom burden at the end-of-life (Tobey et al., 2016), yet access to palliative care services is limited (Shulman et al., In press). Conversations around future wishes and preferences with...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

People experiencing homelessness consistently fail to access palliative care services (Care Quality Commission 2016) and while there is much in the literature surrounding the barriers to appropriate health care (Hudson et al 2016), their specific needs and wishes remain poorly understood by health care professionals (Care Quality Commission 2016). This study aims to bridge the gap in knowledge.

The research question

The...

JOURNAL NAME: British Journal of Healthcare Management
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Pathway is the leading homeless healthcare charity in the UK. Established in 2009 after an audit of homeless patient admissions data, a model for holistic management was developed with the aim of improving both health and social outcomes for this vulnerable group. There are now 10 teams in hospitals across the country, where in-hospital GPs and nurses hold multidisciplinary meetings to address the housing, financial, social and health issues...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the United States, approximately 150,000 families with 330,000 children stay in a homeless shelter each year (Solari et al. 2016). Millions more are housing insecure and at risk of homelessness. The family homelessness problem in the United States is large but solvable,1 and solutions are known to have broader benefits for children’s well-being, quality of life, and long-term life outcomes. Solutions to family homelessness may even yield...

JOURNAL NAME: Australian Journal of Teacher Education
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Young people entering homelessness often do so while still at school. This study explores Australian teachers’ and other student support staff perspectives of the experiences of students who are running away from home, the barriers to student help-seeking, and how local youth services can best support secondary schools to provide necessary services to keep students at school and at home or in some other form of safe and secure accommodation...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this exciting, thought-provoking new book, author Eric Weissman draws on personal experience, firsthand empirical research, and social theory to probe the causes and consequences of homelessness.

Hundreds of thousands of North Americans are homeless according to government statistics; hundreds of thousands, even millions more are only precariously housed, one paycheck away from life on the streets. Homelessness is one of the most...

JOURNAL NAME: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

This project had two aims: to gain an understanding of the profile and expressed needs of people seen by the Homeless Emergency Department Liaison Officer in the emergency department in comparison to general hospital presentations, and to explore the potential role for occupational therapy to respond to this population.

Method

The Emergency Department Information Systems database and Homeless Emergency Department Liaison...

JOURNAL NAME: City & Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Care for homeless people in general and homeless substance abusers in particular has been well explored as a research topic (Fisher and Collins ; Seal ; Desjarlais ; Pleace and Quilgars ; Bevan ; Briggs ). Historically, academics have been interested in care in settings as diverse as families, hospitals, asylums, poorhouses, the criminal justice system and more recently what has been called the ‘community’. In this paper, I want to look at...

JOURNAL NAME: National Youth-At-Risk Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this article, we focus on interrelated mechanisms and practices that support students living below the poverty line. Addressing the needs of students living below the poverty line requires that educators consider both the inside- and outside-of-school realities of students and their families. Before discussing the recommendations, we define poverty and describe the complex ways it may shape student realities. We then discuss why we believe...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Occupational Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This piece assesses the home safety of formerly homeless adults ages 40–65 yr residing in supportive housing. Nineteen of 20 participants fell at or above the 95th percentile of an elderly reference group, indicating greater home safety concerns compared with adults 20 yr older.

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Occupational Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Social determinants can impact family occupations and mothers’ sense of competence. Homeless mothers scored worse on five of 10 social determinants and mother satisfaction compared with homeless mothers. Results highlight social determinants of health in community-based occupational therapy.

JOURNAL NAME: Tamara - Journal for Critical Organization Inquiry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This manuscript describes a qualitative evaluation of a particular non-profit organization that helps veterans experiencing homelessness. We propose that individuals experiencing homelessness need to modify their narrative identity (through restorying), and that four resource domains (economic, material, interpersonal and individual) are needed to help individuals experiencing homelessness to re-identify themselves. To this end, the studied...

JOURNAL NAME: Children
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Children in homeless families have high levels of adversity and are at risk for behavior problems and chronic health conditions, however little is known about the relationship between cognitive-emotional self-regulation and health among school-aged homeless children. Children (n = 86; mean age 10.5) living in shelters were assessed for health, family stress/adversity, emotional-behavioral regulation, nonverbal intellectual abilities, and...

ORGANIZATION: The Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Education provides the best chance for children to break the cycle of poverty and homelessness. Not only is academic achievement crucial for life outcomes, but the social and emotional development that happens in school is vital as well. The connections created in the classroom are even more critical for any child who has experienced housing instability and homelessness.

More than 140,000 children attending New York City public schools...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This book offers a cross-national perspective on contemporary urban renewal in relation to social rental housing. Social housing estates - as developed either by governments (public housing) or not-for-profit agencies - became a prominent feature of the 20th century urban landscape in Northern European cities, but also in North America and Australia. Many estates were built as part of earlier urban renewal, 'slum clearance' programs...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This report examines social experiences for mothers and children who are experiencing homelessness in two shelters and one housing program in Calgary, Alberta. Currently, much of the research on homelessness and what works for supporting individuals into sustainable housing comes from research on the single, adult, male population.

This study provides evidence to better understand how families become homeless, and the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

In North America there are an estimated 2 million street involved youth. Street involved youth have higher rates of infections such as HIV and other STIs. They are also exposed to a greater amount of respiratory illness and malnutrition. Outreach is the first step in service delivery for street involved youth. Organizations approach outreach in several ways, and have different methods for understanding successful outreach.

Outreach is...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

A key challenge in developing solutions to homelessness is that research does not always have a big impact on policy and practice. Typical ways of publishing academic research make it difficult to understand. Research is often presented in ways that make it challenging for policy makers and practitioners to use.

Academic papers and reports are usually published by academic journals. The peer review process is meant to maintain a high...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In Los Angeles County, the most vulnerable of those experiencing homelessness, youth under eighteen, number over 100,000. The negative impact of the trauma and realities of homelessness on their ability to obtain an education, while currently measured in terms of high dropout rates, expulsion, suspension, repeat of grades and other academic setbacks, cannot be fully quantified. In Los Angeles, there is finally an urgency to address the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

43% of all transwomen have been homeless at some point in their lives. For transwomen, discrimination and subjugation, known as cisgenderism, continues as they access shelter services. Housing insecure transwomen are met at the shelter door by staff whose decision making power combines with the invisible effects of cisgenderism, in most cases, to negatively impact this vulnerable population.

Ten persons self-identifying as transwomen,...

ORGANIZATION: Simon Fraser University, Gerontology Research Centre
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Based on the literature review of best practices, the Housing First approach has been shown to achieve remarkable success on a number of homelessness outcomes for homeless persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, there remain several sub-populations for whom Housing First interventions have not been sufficiently tested as a best practice in Canada, including older adults, LGBTQ2 youth, and Aboriginal persons.

...

ORGANIZATION: National Alliance to End Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

People sleeping on park benches and street corners are the most visible reminder of the United States’ continuing struggle with homelessness. On any given night, over 175,000 people are unsheltered, sleeping outside or in places not meant for human habitation. On a positive note, unsheltered homelessness has been declining nationally for several years, but some jurisdictions, particularly some large cities, report increases.

What is...

ORGANIZATION: Institute for Public Policy Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness across England is on the rise. The number of households accepted as homeless by local authorities, in temporary accommodation, and/or rough sleeping have all increased since 2010. Rates are high in urban areas and yet many households in rural areas are threatened with or experience homelessness due to shortages of affordable housing in rural areas. 

The challenges associated with preventing and relieving homelessness in...

ORGANIZATION: Crisis UK
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness remains an unsolved problem in Great Britain. It is devastating and dangerous for people, and a wasteful problem for society as a whole.

This summary report is the first part of a two-part study examining the current and projected levels of different categories of homelessness, defined as ‘core’ and ‘wider’ homelessness. The figures set out in this report examine current levels of core homelessness across England, Scotland...

ORGANIZATION: School of Urban Planning, McGill University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Although great strides have been made in reducing the homeless population in the United States, in January 2015 there were still over 549,000 people who were counted as homeless on one night. A variety of homeless assistance responses exist, ranging from emergency shelters to supportive permanent housing. However the response is not quick enough. In some cities, communities have taken it upon themselves to build tiny house villages as a cost-...

ORGANIZATION: Focus Ireland
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The study aimed to explore food poverty among families living in emergency homeless accommodation in the Dublin region, and the impact this has on the nutrition and health outcomes of parents and their children.
The study objectives were to:

Understand the prevalence of food poverty among families experiencing homelessness who reside in emergency accommodation. Understand families’ access to food, storage, and cooking facilities in...
JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Urban Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Compared to the wealth of research on single homeless adults, there is little known about homeless families. This paper describes a study of 75 homeless families in Ottawa, Ontario, conducted in 2012-2013. This sample of homeless families includes a large number of newcomer families, including immigrants and refugees. Participants are poor and unemployed, but many are educated, and there is little evidence of alcohol or substance...

ORGANIZATION: Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This exploratory research was undertaken to review outcomes for youth who have transitioned or “aged-out” of the child protection system in Ontario.

The purpose is to better understand the lasting impact of growing up in the child protection system. The analysis sought to synthesize data from selected academic and “gray literature” (media stories or articles written by professionals in the field) and supplement it with information...

JOURNAL NAME: Geoforum
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Drawing on findings from a study of Indigenous housing in a regional Western Australian city, this paper examines the experiences of Indigenous peoples as a particular set of ‘right bearers’ within the right-to-the-city discourse. In settler-states, colonial discourses of absence, threat, and authenticity have informed policy frameworks that have militated against various Indigenous claims of belonging, rights, and aspiration in relation to...

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