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JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The present study represents the first large-scale, prospective comparison to test whether aging out of foster care contributes to homelessness risk in emerging adulthood. A nationally representative sample of adolescents investigated by the child welfare system in 2008 to 2009 from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being Study (NSCAW II) reported experiences of housing problems at 18- and 36-month follow-...

JOURNAL NAME: Affilia
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Transgender and gender-nonconforming (GNC) individuals experience homelessness at higher rates compared to the broader population, with many directly attributing homelessness to their transgender/GNC identities. Homeless individuals often engage in survival sex in exchange for food, housing, and other basic necessities. Few research efforts, however, have examined survival sex specifically among homeless transgender/GNC populations. Utilizing...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychological Services
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Despite the scale of veteran homelessness and government–community initiatives to end homelessness among veterans, few studies have featured individual veteran accounts of experiencing homelessness. Here we track veterans’ trajectories from military service to homelessness through qualitative, semistructured interviews with 17 post-9/11-era veterans. Our objective was to examine how veterans become homeless—including the role of military and...

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Promoting timely and continuous care for people experiencing homelessness has been a challenge in many jurisdictions, plagued by access barriers and service fragmentation. As part of a larger programme evaluation, this study used qualitative methods to examine the role of a brief interdisciplinary intervention in supporting continuity of care for this population in a large Canadian urban centre. The intervention provides time-limited case...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper begins with a naïve question: why does society seem to ignore homeless people? This question, however simple, is not easy to answer, as it is related to many other ones. Could it be that society does not really want to help the homeless? Can this be interpreted as evidence that they are taboo? According to the Oxford English Dictionary, “taboo” means “set apart for or consecrated to a special use or purpose” and can be “...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Public libraries are often considered welcoming spaces for people experiencing homelessness. For people experiencing homelessness, the public library offers a warm place to stay in the winter, and a cool place to spend time in the summer, as well as a variety of information services. In 1990, a lawsuit filed by Richard Kreimer against the city of Morristown, New Jersey reinvigorated discussions around the role of public libraries in providing...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

For this thesis I volunteered my time at Poverello House, the largest organization currently serving the homeless population in my hometown of Fresno, California. Engaging with the scholarship on rhetorical ethnography, rhetorical field methods, participatory critical rhetoric, and procedural rhetoric, I analyzed the procedures and the rhetoric I experienced as a new volunteer in this organization. Using ethnographic field notes, I assembled...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health Nutrition
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individuals experiencing homelessness are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. The At Home/Chez Soi study provides a unique opportunity to first examine baseline levels of food security among homeless individuals with mental illness and second to evaluate the effect of a Housing First (HF) intervention on food security in this population.
At Home/Chez Soi was a 2-year randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of HF...

JOURNAL NAME: Urbanities
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is the result of many factors. The nature of homes, or rather places of residence, versus temporary camps has been defined historically and culturally for the human species. Many animals create structures to live in, others excavate depressions. Still others live in caves or inhabit structures built and discarded by other creatures. In many cases animals simply find limited shelter in temporary settings — to avoid weather...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is an incredibly difficult situation for anyone to be in and is linked with a plethora of issues regarding health, social services interaction, educational attainment, poverty and justice. Due to the inherently chaotic nature of many homeless people’s lives, they are more likely than most to be victims (and perpetrators) of crime. The link between violence and educational attainment, family stability, income and health have been...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

Youth homelessness is an ongoing societal crisis throughout the United States. This research project seeks to integrate frameworks from positive youth development, therapeutic songwriting, and nondeliberative social work practice as it examines the potential of utilizing music studio sessions, such as those offered at Mic City, to create safe spaces for engaging and mentoring homeless youth. 

Research Question

What are the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While researchers have identified the Housing First model of putting homeless persons into permanent housing as the best means of improving the quality of life for chronically homeless individuals, few studies have examined the perceptions of shelter staff workers on the barriers the homeless face in obtaining and maintaining long-term housing. This case study of 2 homeless shelters in New Jersey examined the relationship that fair and just...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The recent decline in police legitimacy (Gallup Poll, 2015) has increased the need for procedural justice. Law enforcement agencies that employ procedural justice can restore legitimacy, build trust, and enhance citizen satisfaction. Using secondary data collected from 99 homeless injecting drug users in Skid Row, Los Angeles, this study shows that despite the legal outcome of a police encounter (i.e., arrest, citation), when officers utilize...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness itself is traumatic, and more than half of homeless young adults have also experienced abuse as children and/or victimization while homeless. These experiences increase the likelihood of developing trauma-related symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies have, however, examined correlates of trauma and PTSD to identify targets for prevention and intervention. We used multinomial logistic regression to assess...

ORGANIZATION: City of Thunder Bay
RESOURCE TYPE: Homeless Count
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This resource summarizes the findings of Thunder Bay's 2016 Point in Time (PiT) count. 

ORGANIZATION: Stoll
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While the majority of Service leavers experience very few difficulties with transitioning and life after the Armed Forces, a significant minority require specialist support (with issues like education and re-training, employment, housing, physical health and mental health). The Armed Forces Covenant clearly states that every person who has served should have support made available to them to enable them to make a smooth transition back into...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This thesis is an investigation of the political participation of the homeless in Toronto, Canada. Whether or not the homeless in Toronto vote, the factors that influence their decision to vote, and the societal and structural impediments that exist to their participation are specifically examined. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the homeless, service providers, politicians, and election agencies in Toronto. This research revealed...

JOURNAL NAME: International Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Although Canada is one of the top 10 trading nations in the global economy, homelessness continues to be a significant social problem. To understand this paradox, we examine academic debates on best practices, the genesis and sociocultural contexts of recent policies, and community-based homeless services. Our critical review unveils the underlying ideology of service provision: the meta-discourse of neoliberalism, which results in time-...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

The City of Red Deer is proud to share our latest annual report on initiatives underway and progress we are making as we move towards our collective goal of ending homelessness. Closer to Home: 2015/2016 Annual Report on Red Deer’s Homelessness Initiatives provides an update for our public by providing a snapshot of the work occurring in the housing and supports sector in our community.

For the sake of our vulnerable population and our...

RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

Red Deer has been using a housing first approach to address homelessness for the past 5 years. Their approach is to provide chronic and episodic homeless individuals with stable housing first, then provide wrap-around support services based on individual needs. Clients must agree to work on being good tenants, have regular visits from support workers and arrange direct rent payments from their income sources. Services such as medication...

RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2009

Homelessness is a complex issue that affects many people at different points in their lives. Every night there are homeless individuals and families in Red Deer. They stay in shelters, sleep outside, temporarily stay with friends and live in cars - their circumstances are vast and diverse. Some have been homeless for a long time; for others it is a new and scary situation. They may have become homeless due to an untreated mental illness,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This longitudinal research study followed 40 young people over a two-year period in order to examine the factors, experiences and circumstances that impact their homeless and housing situations over time. Ten family members also participated in the study. This research finds young people who are homeless are living in limbo. Only 24% of young people left homelessness during the two-year course of the study, a significant drop on previous...

JOURNAL NAME: Cities
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper assesses how gender, housing, austerity and the right to the city inter-relate with reference to female lone parents from East London, the site of the 2012 Olympic Games. In so doing, the paper draws upon qualitative research undertaken with lone parent mothers living in temporary accommodation. The women's housing experiences are embedded within a deepening of neoliberal welfare cutbacks and restructuring under what Peck (...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Social Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There is intense debate over the legitimacy of interventions which seek behavioural change on the part of street homeless people. ‘Hard’ measures, such as arresting people for begging, are particularly controversial, but ‘softer’ interventions such as motivational interviewing have also prompted objections on grounds that they are paternalistic. At the same time, the ‘non-interventionist’ stance of some service providers has been accused of...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Housing and Renewal Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The CHRA Indigenous Housing Advisory Caucus recently undertook a survey of 135 Indigenous housing providers in urban and rural areas to benchmark the status of Indigenous employment among housing providers, obtain information on training experiences, and learn how organizations are faring as subsidy agreements expire. The survey did not include housing providers on First Nations.

Funding for this research was provided by the Government...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the structure of meaning of the lived experience of establishing a home after a period of homelessness. Fourteen semi-structured interviews were conducted using a unique line of inquiry based upon story theory and hermeneutic phenomenology. Questions were posed beginning with the present daily life in a home, followed by the previous experience of homelessness, and ending with establishing...

JOURNAL NAME: Harm Reduction Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Housing First is an evidence-based practice intended to serve chronically homeless individuals with co-occurring serious mental illness and substance use disorders. Despite housing active substance users, harm reduction is an often-overlooked element during the Housing First implementation process in real-world settings. In this paper, we explore the representation of the Housing First model within the open-access scholarly...

JOURNAL NAME: Research on Social Work Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

This randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy between the Social Enterprise Intervention (SEI) and Individual Placement and Support (IPS) with homeless youth with mental illness to assess their impact on nonvocational outcomes.

Method

Seventy-two homeless youth were recruited from one agency and randomized to the SEI (n = 36) or IPS (n = 36) conditions. Over 20 months, SEI participants received four SEI components, and...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Interventions are needed to address frailty and other behaviors (e.g., drug and alcohol use) among prefrail and frail homeless women (P/FHW). The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to compare the efficacy of a Frailty Intervention (FI) versus a Health Promotion (HP) program among P/FHW (N = 32). Structured instruments assessed sociodemographics, individual, situational, health-related, and behavioral factors. While...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Rural homelessness is an understudied subset of homelessness population in the United States. Yet, the rural homelessness has important distinguishing characteristics and barriers to care that make addressing the problems of this population more difficult than their urban counterparts. Given that rural communities face barriers of their own, HUD’s Continuum of Care framework allows for such communities to overcome these barriers in the long-...

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