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JOURNAL NAME: Am J Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2012
Abstract

Objectives. We investigated determinants of and disparities in reproductive health service use among young women in the United States from 2002 to 2008.

Methods. Using data on 4421 US women aged 15 to 24 years from the National Survey of Family Growth (2002, n = 2157; 2006–2008, n = 2264), we employed descriptive and univariate statistics and multivariate regression models to examine service use across women...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Family homelessness has been a persistent concern in the United States since the 1980s. (Bassuk, DeCandia, Beach, & Berman, 2014, pg. 9). Today, more than a third of the individuals experiencing homelessness live in families with children (Henry, Watt, Rosenthal, & Shivji, 2016). Members of families experiencing homelessness face many personal health risks. Adults in homeless families have elevated rates of HIV/AIDS and...

JOURNAL NAME: The Free Clinic Research Collective
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Prenatal care for the underserved is a national concern, especially among homeless women likely to experience barriers to care during pregnancy. Inadequate prenatal care confers increased risk for gestational complications and unfavorable postnatal outcomes, including prematurity and low birth weight. Yet while many studies delineate the prevalence and health consequences of inconsistent prenatal care in the homeless and underserved, few...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective 

Understanding how to identify the social determinants of health from electronic health records (EHRs) could provide important insights to understand health or disease outcomes. We developed a methodology to capture 2 rare and severe social determinants of health, homelessness and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), from a large EHR repository.

Materials and Methods

We first constructed lexicons to capture homelessness and...

JOURNAL NAME: Urban Studies
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This critical commentary confronts and explores the – so far under-recognised and under-researched – emergent global crisis of urban housing affordability and affordable housing provision. This crisis results from the fact that housing-related household expenses are rising faster than salary and wage increases in many urban centres around the world; a situation triggered by at least three global post-Global Financial Crisis megatrends of...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

People experiencing mental illness and homelessness face numerous barriers to becoming housed. Service providers who work with this population also encounter challenges to meeting service users’ needs, yet their perspectives have been only minimally studied. Using survey data from a pan-Canadian study, this article explores the barriers and facilitators to fostering lasting change in housing and mental health according to 96 housing providers...

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Sexual Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Familial responses to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) young people’s identities range on a spectrum from rejection to acceptance and these reactions strongly impact family relationships and young adult well-being. Less is known, however, about how family members’ reactions may differ based on young people’s contexts of socioeconomic status. Through a qualitative, life course analysis of in-depth interview data from 46...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

Discrimination and disparity including increased rates of poverty, homelessness, and lack of access to healthcare, are well-documented in the transgender community. Despite high prevalence of low socioeconomic status (SES), limited health research focuses on this subset of the trans patient population. This study seeks to explore barriers and facilitators to care specific to low SES and homeless trans patients.

Methods

Using a...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Greater understanding of how residential stability affects child separation and reunification among homeless families can guide both child welfare and homeless policy and practice. This article draws upon two longitudinal studies examining services and housing for homeless families and their relationship to family and housing stability. Both studies were conducted in the same state at roughly the same time with similar instruments. The first...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is a social and public policy concern. In the United States, homelessness is a problem with multiple and complex causes that include mental illness and the effects of physical, economic, and social conditions such as extreme poverty, exposure to the elements, mental and substance abuse disorders, malnutrition, and victimization. Transitional housing is a temporary option offered as a response to homelessness, recognizing that if...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study explored the role of mental health and substance abuse problems on the suicidal ideation and suicide attempts of 156 homeless adults. The logistic regression results indicated that homeless adults with anxiety were significantly more likely than those without anxiety to have both suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Also, homeless adults with drug abuse were significantly more likely than those without drug abuse to have...

JOURNAL NAME: Studies in health technology and informatics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless women Veterans have a high prevalence of chronic mental and physical conditions that necessitate frequent healthcare visits, but travel burdens to specialty services may be overwhelming to navigate for this population, especially for those in rural settings. Access to specialty care is a key priority in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and understanding the geographic distribution and rural designation of this population in...

JOURNAL NAME: Trials
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There is a critical need for objective data to guide effective health promotion and care for homeless populations. However, many investigators exclude homeless populations from clinical trials due to practical concerns about conducting research with this population. This report is based on our experience and lessons learned while conducting two large NIH-funded randomized controlled trials targeting smoking cessation among persons who are...

JOURNAL NAME: Studies in health technology and informatics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Efforts are underway to understand recent increases in emergency department (ED) use and to offer case management to those patients identified as high utilizers. Homeless Veterans are thought to use EDs for non-emergent conditions. This study identifies the highest users of ED services in the Department of Veterans Affairs and provides descriptive analyses of these Veterans, the diagnoses for which they were seen in the ED, and differences...

JOURNAL NAME: The American Journal on Addictions
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background and Objectives

Homeless women have shown high rates of substance use disorders (SUD), but many studies are more than a decade old, limited in geographic location, or focus only on women living outdoors or in shelters. The purpose of this study was to obtain a more current and representative sample of homeless women and the prevalence and predictors of substance use disorders among women seeking primary care at Health Care for the...

ORGANIZATION: McMaster University – Niagara Campus
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The HEART project demonstrated that there are significant challenges to healthcare for the homeless in the Niagara Region, especially with regard to access and discharge from hospitals, adequate and comprehensive psychiatric and mental health services across service providers, and availability and continuity of care from family doctors. The regional health system, community health leaders, social service agencies, and other stakeholders...

ORGANIZATION: Homeward Trust Edmonton; City of Edmonton
RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Although Edmonton has made strong progress against the targets of the original 10 Year Plan, some areas were not resourced to the level that the Plan required. For example, the original Plan called for 1,000 new units of permanent supportive housing, but only about 200 units have been added.

Today, we have a better understanding than ever before about the scope of homelessness in our community, and what is required to end it. This is a...

JOURNAL NAME: Drug and Alcohol Dependance
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

We evaluated cognitive function and factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults. We hypothesized that substance use and a history of traumatic brain injury would be associated with cognitive impairment.

Methods

We recruited 350 homeless individuals aged ≥50 years using population-based sampling and conducted structured interviews and neuropsychological testing. We evaluated alcohol use...

JOURNAL NAME: Health Services Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

To design and test the validity of a method to identify homelessness among Medicaid enrollees using mailing address data.

Data Sources/Study Setting

Enrollment and claims data on Medicaid expansion enrollees in Hennepin and Ramsey counties who also provided self-reported information on their current housing situation in a psychosocial needs assessment.

Study Design

Construction of address-based indicators and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individuals from all segments of society are affected by homelessness – the old and young, men and women, single individuals and families. The majority of individuals will experience homelessness only on a short-termed basis. However, about 10-20% will experience homelessness for years. Although, the chronically homeless represent only a fraction of the total homeless population, they utilize the majority of resources available. Current...

JOURNAL NAME: European Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

There exists a great number of empirical studies which refer as causes of homelessness not only individual factors such as mental disorders or addictions, but also structural factors such as poverty rates or unemployment.

Objective

To describe the evolution of the prevalence of homelessness in Girona from 2006 to 2015, and compare it with the evolution of unemployment in the same region.

Methods

The absolute...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Sciences
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article offers a provocative look at practices of false compliance that homeless gender-based violence survivors employ to withstand the personal and structural violence they experience. The article explores how the three instrumentations of disorder, evasion, and subterfuge are used by survivors as forms of veiled resistance, as well as locations that exhibit their agency. Featuring stories from a series of in-depth interviews, the...

JOURNAL NAME: European Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Homelessness is a problem which affects all the areas of those who suffer it, affecting their health seriously. These risks increase when the affected person has carried out a migratory process. Another risk factor, apart from immigration, is to be woman.

Objectives

To analyse the gender demographic differences in a total cohort of homeless people in the city of Girona in 2006 and continued until the present day.

...
JOURNAL NAME: Public Health Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development estimates that almost 50,000 veterans are homeless on any given night. Homeless veterans are at greater risk of health disparities than their housed counterparts due to the multifactorial nature of their health and social needs. The Department of Veterans Affairs, in collaboration with more than a dozen other federal agencies, has concentrated efforts to improve the health of this...

JOURNAL NAME: Education and Urban Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This article highlights McKinney-Vento awareness and implementation as experienced and understood by unaccompanied youth facing housing instability and the adults charged with its implementation in schools. A qualitative inquiry was used to capture the perspectives of youth experiencing housing instability as they navigated a large urban school district in the Midwest. Research observations and the perspectives of six unaccompanied unstably...

JOURNAL NAME: Addiction
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background and Aims

Evidence supports the effectiveness of Housing First (HF) programs for people who are experiencing homelessness and mental illness; however, questions remain about its use in people with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD). The aim of this project was to test whether SUD modifies the effectiveness of an HF intervention.

Design

Secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of HF versus treatment-...

JOURNAL NAME: Palliative Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Being homeless or vulnerably housed is associated with death at a young age, frequently related to medical problems complicated by drug or alcohol dependence. Homeless people experience high symptom burden at the end of life, yet palliative care service use is limited.

Aim

To explore the views and experiences of current and formerly homeless people, frontline homelessness staff (from hostels, day centres and outreach teams...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban History
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the 1980s, visible homelessness became one of the most pressing problems in New York City. While most New Yorkers expressed sympathy for the homeless, many of them also resisted efforts to site shelters and service facilities in their neighborhoods. But far from being simply a case of NIMBY (not-in-my-back-yard) sentiment, protests over the placement of these facilities arose in the context of decades-long neighborhood movements against...

JOURNAL NAME: Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While music therapists have worked with families experiencing poverty, little literature exists concerning music therapy with this population. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the experiences and perspectives of board-certified music therapists who work with families experiencing poverty. Five board-certified music therapists who are currently or have previously worked in settings that primarily served families...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Parental neglect is a major reason, in English-speaking countries, for the removal of children from their parents. The connection between child removal, neglect and poverty has historically always been a factor in policies on neglected children. This article is an historical analysis of the association between interventions for neglect and attitudes to poverty in English speaking countries, with reference to specific countries by way of...

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