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JOURNAL NAME: Current Oncology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Cancer is among the leading causes of death for homeless adults. Compared with the general population, homeless people experience alarmingly high rates of mortality from cancer. Significant disparities are recognized to exist in cancer risk factors, screening, diagnosis, and treatment for homeless people. What is less evident—perhaps even slightly invisible to the public eye, and even to the eyes of the health care community—is what happens...

ORGANIZATION: Nelson Committee on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This Report Card focuses on mental health and substance use issues: who is affected, causes, the connections between mental health problems and substance use and their relationship to homelessness, and how the community is working to address these issues and the rising opioid crisis.

It explores the lives of people in our community living with these issues and the stigma they feel and the barriers they face – in their daily lives,  ...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Articles

Reconsidering Gender in Homelessness

Joanne Bretherton

Dynamics of Evictions: Results from a Swedish Database

Cecilia von Otter, Olof Backman, Sten-Ake Stenbery & Carin Qvarfordt Eisenstein

...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A growing body of research lays bare the overrepresentation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth in the juvenile justice system in the United States. As shown in the infographic on the next page, LGBTQ and gender non-conforming youth are overrepresented in juvenile detention and correctional facilities in the juvenile system: the percentage of incarcerated LGBT youth is double that of LGBTQ youth in the general...

JOURNAL NAME: PloS one
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective

No previous experimental trials have investigated Housing First (HF) in both scattered site (SHF) and congregate (CHF) formats. We hypothesized that CHF and SHF would be associated with a greater percentage of time stably housed as well as superior health and psychosocial outcomes over 24 months compared to treatment as usual (TAU).

Methods

Inclusion criteria were homelessness, mental illness, and high need for support....

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Applied Gerontology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

People who become homeless for the first time in late life are a growing but understudied population. This study draws on administrative data from one shelter (N = 1,214 first-time homeless) to assess the extent to which age is related to shelter stay and, to examine psychosocial factors that may be associated with shelter departure. Our bivariate and survival analysis results suggest that older homeless men stay in the shelter 2 weeks longer...

JOURNAL NAME: The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

Housing First (HF) has been shown to improve housing stability, on average, for formerly homeless adults with mental illness. However, little is known about patterns of change and characteristics that predict different outcome trajectories over time. This article reports on latent trajectories of housing stability among 2140 participants (84% followed 24 months) of a multisite randomised controlled trial of HF.

Methods

Data...

JOURNAL NAME: Administration and policy in mental health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individual placement and support (IPS) has not been tested experimentally among people recently housed with a scattered-site Housing First program. Ninety recently housed people were randomized to IPS or usual services. Regression models estimated via GEE were used to compare employment outcomes. Over 8 months of follow-up with good fidelity, fifteen (34 %) people in the IPS group versus nine (22 %) in the control group found competitive...

JOURNAL NAME: PLoS ONE
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Little is known about homeless patients in intensive care units (ICUs).

Objectives

To compare clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of homeless to non-homeless patients admitted to four ICUs in a large inner-city academic hospital.

Methods

63 randomly-selected homeless compared to 63 age-, sex-, and admitting-ICU-matched non-homeless patients.

Results

Compared to matched non-homeless, homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While risky sexual behaviours related to illicit drug use among street youth have been explored, the impacts of alcohol use have received less attention. This longitudinal study examined hazardous alcohol use among a population of street-involved youth, with particular attention to sexual and drug-related risk behaviours. Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. The...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Occupational Science
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Chronic homelessness is a growing problem in many Western nations. Few studies have explored the occupations of chronically homeless persons, and most of this research has sampled from large metropolitan areas.

Purpose

This research sought to explicate the meaning and experience of occupational engagement for homeless persons in a mid-sized urban context.

Method 

Interpretive phenomenology informed qualitative...

JOURNAL NAME: AIDS and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The sharing of previously used syringes is associated with the transmission of Hepatitis C and HIV. This longitudinal study examines syringe borrowing and syringe lending within a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. From September 2005 to May 2014, data were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth age 14-26 at enrollment, and analyzed using generalized estimating equations. Among...

JOURNAL NAME: Justice Quarterly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The paper explores the conditions under which the code of the street is more likely to lead to violence. Utilizing a sample of 400 homeless youths the paper examines how anger, self-centeredness, nerve, parental warmth, physical abuse, homelessness, negative attitudes toward the police, violent peers, and violent victimization moderate the relationship between the street code and violence. Findings suggest that the street code has a stronger...

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013

The Homelessness to Housing Stability 2012 Data Summary Report captures key indicators around homelessness and housing in Waterloo Region, to demonstrate the possible economic and structural barriers to housing stability for people experiencing homelessness or at risk of housing loss in our community. This report compares 2008 (the year the recession began in Canada) and 2012 (the most recent full year of data and a point when the effects of...

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2014

The Homelessness to Housing Stability 2013 Data Summary Report captures key indicators around homelessness and housing in Waterloo Region, in an effort to demonstrate the possible economic and structural barriers to housing stability for people at risk or experiencing homelessness in our community.

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

This Data Summary is provided by Region of Waterloo Housing Services to help inform the community of current trends in housing and homelessness in Waterloo Region. It covers topics such as emergency shelter use, income, rental housing affordability and availability, and supportive housing.

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Founded in 1995, Egale Canada Human Rights Trust (Egale) works to improve the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, intersex, and Two Spirit (LGBTQI2S) people in Canada and to enhance the global response to LGBTQI2S issues by informing public policy, inspiring cultural change, and promoting human rights and inclusion through research, education and community engagement. Egale’s vision is a Canada, and ultimately a world, without...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Children are remarkable in their ability to mitigate stress and respond with resilience, but stress still comes with consequences. Homeless children are particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of stress. Research has shown that stress is cumulative and builds up over time. Thus, a child who experiences daily hassles and small struggles may be more anxious, worried, or troubled than another child who experiences one major trauma (Berger...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this study was to understand the sustainability of the At Home/Chez Soi (AHCS) project with respect to its wider impact on homelessness policy in Canada and internationally. Using a qualitative case study approach with 15 key informant interviews (with project leaders and decision-makers) and archival data, we examined the strategies adopted to achieve sustainability of the Housing First (HF) programs implemented during this...

JOURNAL NAME: Current Oncology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Even in a developed country such as Canada, there are disparities in just access to adequate health care—and, more specifically, palliative care. That inequality is most notable in an underserved group such as the homeless population. Even the word “homeless” has become both a negative descriptor and a stereotype in our society. We posit that the provision of hospice palliative care is structured on several problematic assumptions: an...

JOURNAL NAME: European Psychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The economic downturn worldwide since 2008 has raised many issues, including an increase in homelessness. Individuals who are homeless are visible across the globe. Definitions of homelessness also vary. Living on the streets in all kinds of inclement weather, brings a different set of issues and problems including physical and mental illnesses. Here homelessness is defined as a lack of customary regular access to a conventional dwelling unit...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless students must often deal with the stigma of homelessness when they encounter teachers who lack an understanding of the specific challenges and needs homelessness creates. Many classroom teachers have had no training or experience dealing with the homeless students. Therefore, the problem this study addressed is the lack of teachers’ awareness and preparedness needed to meet the diverse academic needs of students identified as...

JOURNAL NAME: Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Alcohol abuse leads to a lot of mental, somatic and social problems and may also be a cause of homelessness. These problems are often correlated with a decrease in alcohol dependent persons’ quality of life including their capacity to handle everyday issues and the ability to obtain medical care. The purpose of the study was to compare the quality of life of alcohol dependent persons: rehab centre inpatients and homeless subjects...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Descent, affordable housing is foundational to physical and psychological health. Despite the growing interest in understanding the role of housing conditions in child and family well-being, existing studies have generally fallen short of capturing the interplay among multiple housing conditions and instead focused on a single dimension of housing (such as affordability, residential crowding). In addition, research on housing problems have...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

If women are like soldiers to Mary Wollstonecraft, in “The Female Vagrant” William Wordsworth shows us how vagrant women are like parched, shipwrecked sailors. They are Robinson Crusoes of proto-feminism. Though he speaks metaphorically, Wordsworth’s equating the female vagrant with a shipwrecked sailor is an example of an important turn toward realism that writers pursued in the Romantic era when addressing this figure. Consider that...

JOURNAL NAME: Labour History
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper examines the interconnections between the history of homelessness and the history of labour in Australia. Taking a purposeful broad scope, focusing on the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the paper explores the ways in which homelessness is central to the history of work and labour. Drawing on the mythology attached to the swag and swagmen in Australian popular culture as its starting point, this paper demonstrates the...

JOURNAL NAME: Information Technology & People
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose

Addressing the question, how might socio-technical systems help homeless young people to succeed broadly in employment, the purpose of this article is to present a future vision, the U-District Job Co-op, where youth take on “mini-jobs” offered by neighborhood stakeholders. 

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on value sensitive design, design-based, and qualitative research methods, the Job Co-op is explicated by reporting on...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This research aimed to examine how enforcement was being used specifically to address street homelessness. Whilst the research looked at behaviour that was associated with rough sleeping, such as begging and street drinking, this was not the primary focus of the analysis. In doing, so the report has analysed the extent to which enforcement measures impact on homeless people, local authorities, and other statutory and non-statutory services...

ORGANIZATION: Focus Ireland
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Limerick Youth Housing (LYH) initiative is an innovative approach to delivering youth homelessness services, which is available to young people at risk of homelessness in several locations in Ireland. It is a collaboration between Focus Ireland, Tusla and the local authority. Two notable features of Limerick Youth Housing include: 

Young people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness are offered stable and secure housing. Local...
ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This new plan focuses on a housing-first approach, and identifies four main priorities with prevention as the most critical, others include: leadership and engagement, systems, and housing. The Youth Plan utilizes years of research into the causes and challenges unique to the youth population, and develop appropriate responses to support the needs particular to youth, while breaking down barriers youth face due to their age and stage of...

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