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ORGANIZATION: The Government of Alberta
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This set of guidelines aims improve the inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning and two-spirited (LGBTQ2S) youth across the housing and homelessness system. Included in this document is a glossary of terms, a sample gender-inclusive intake form, and an exercise for assessing personal bias.

Making housing and shelter spaces safer for LGBTQ2S youth is a priority. Government and community partners in the youth...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Drug Issues
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The current study assessed the relative influence of both injunctive and descriptive norms in the context of different referent groups (i.e., family, street peers, home-based peers, and staff members) on past 30-day methamphetamine, heroin, and injection drug use behaviors of homeless youth. Cross-sectional data (N = 911) were collected from three drop-in centers in Los Angeles, California. The study consisted of two parts: a social network...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This policy paper posits that poor mental health and poverty are synonymous; in order to combat deepening inequality within our society, it is necessary for the government to execute more inclusive welfare programmes, which will require a more precise definition of mental illness. The paper lays out the state of Malaysia’s current mental health and its correlation to poverty, thus highlighting the importance of measures to improve mental...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Climate change has led to an increase in extreme heat events (EHE) in Canada and globally, which are directly associated with morbidity and mortality. Homeless populations are particularly vulnerable to the health effects of EHE due to a combination of broad risk factors.

To examine the current state of knowledge on ways to mitigate the risks of EHE in academic literature, twenty-three studies from five databases were reviewed. Studies...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Photovoice is a participatory action research method that empowers participants to photograph their everyday lives as a means of documenting and advocating for their needs; it has rarely been utilized with young people experiencing homelessness. The current study examined the feasibility, accessibility, and preliminary outcomes associated with participation in Asking for Change, a manualized Photovoice intervention, among youth (ages 18–21)...

JOURNAL NAME: Contemporary School Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this study, we explored the life stories of unaccompanied homeless youth (UHY) who continued to attend high school despite no longer being in the custody of a parent or guardian. A qualitative approach allowed participants to share their life stories in their own words. Nine students (five males, four females) ranging in age from 17 to 20 were recruited from a community-based organization serving homeless youth to participate in individual...

JOURNAL NAME: Maastricht Student Journal of Psychology and Neuroscience
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is an increasingly severe problem in many countries around the world. The homeless are often stigmatized by the rest of society. This essay explores how several contextual factors can moderate the expression of prejudice towards the homeless in two countries with different backgrounds, Hungary and the USA. Ambivalent opinions of the homeless exist in both societies, and prejudice is present to some extent in both, but especially...

JOURNAL NAME: Creative Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individuals experiencing homelessness face significant challenges on a daily basis. The ongoing need to find shelter, safety, and food becomes a priority and often supersedes the need for health care. People who are homeless have significantly higher morbidity and mortality rates than those who are sheltered, at least in part because care is sought when health care issues become acute and more difficult to manage from a medical standpoint....

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Among people experiencing homelessness, difficulty securing housing is often compounded by concurrent challenges including unemployment, chronic illness, criminal justice involvement, and victimization. The Moving Ahead Program (MAP) is a vocational rehabilitation program that seeks to help adults facing these challenges secure competitive employment. We prospectively studied how MAP graduates (N = 97) changed from the beginning of MAP to...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper reports results of mixed methods, population survey of housing instability, and homelessness. Child welfare personnel conducted the Quick Risks and Assets for Family Triage (QRAFT), a three-question screening tool intended to identify housing instability and homelessness. The QRAFT requires users to assess family housing history, current housing arrangement, and current housing condition, on a four-point scale from “asset/not a...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Youth homelessness is a problem characterized by high levels of vulnerability. The extent to which couch surfing — moving from one temporary housing arrangement to another — is part of youth homelessness is not well understood. Chapin Hall's Voices of Youth Count, a national research initiative, involves a multicomponent approach to studying youth homelessness. This study reports emerging findings regarding couch surfing and homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Inadequate housing and homelessness represent significant barriers to family stability and child development. An accumulating body of evidence documents the relatively high risk of family separation among families experiencing housing instability and homelessness, the extent of housing problems experienced by families involved in the child welfare system, and the disproportionately high rates of homelessness among youth aging out of foster...

JOURNAL NAME: Southern Economic Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Federal spending on homelessness has increased significantly in recent years. I estimate the relationship between federal homelessness funding and homeless counts in 2011, 2013, and 2015 cross sections. I instrument for funding using a community's pre-1940 housing share, a key variable in an originally unrelated funding formula borrowed for homelessness grants. Funding increases sheltered homelessness; meanwhile, funding is unrelated to...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The chapter takes a two-pronged approach to discuss property in land as a human right. (1) An approach informed by legal positivism helps collect human rights clearly pertaining to property relations. In this sense, human rights are UN-sponsored human rights. The golden rule of property as a human right comprises several essential elements: the right not to be owned (abolition of slavery; prohibition of forced marriages), the right to own...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Patients who frequently use Emergency Department (ED) services are particularly vulnerable to poor health outcomes and have high healthcare costs. Homeless high users have particularly complex healthcare needs and increased difficulty in using and accessing healthcare. To determine modifiable targets for intervention, understanding patient perspectives on their healthcare service use must first occur; however, patient perspectives...

ORGANIZATION: Women's Shelters Canada
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While there is a general recognition of the link between violence against women (VAW), housing, and homelessness, the VAW shelter sector has had limited involvement with the housing and homelessness sectors. The purpose of this discussion paper is to outline and review the social and affordable housing options and supports available to domestic violence (DV) survivors and to illuminate the complex and sometimes contradictory systems that...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2016, the Without a Home study was conducted nationally to study young people who experience homelessness. With 1,103 respondents from 47 different communities across 10 provinces and territories, this study’s sample size enabled them to conduct a detailed analysis and to draw important conclusions.

Also in 2016, the University of Manitoba and the University College of the North...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal for Equity in Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

It is increasingly acknowledged that homelessness is a more complex social and public health phenomenon than the absence of a place to live. This view signifies a paradigm shift, from the definition of homelessness in terms of the absence of permanent accommodation, with its focus on pathways out of homelessness through the acquisition and maintenance of permanent housing, to understanding the social context of homelessness and social...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless students are at risk for poor academic performance. The purpose of this descriptive research study was to investigate supportive academic services available to students in homeless facilities in Tennessee in order to better understand homeless facilities’ contributions to successful academic performance. Supportive academic services include the provision of basic needs, school supplies and work area, tutoring, supervised care,...

JOURNAL NAME: Disability and Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Though disability and housing instability are discussed separately in public health literature, few studies address families at their intersection. As a result, little is known about families who experience both homelessness and disability, how many receive disability benefits like SSI and SSDI, or the influence of those benefits on health-promoting outcomes like housing stability and self-sufficiency. Moreover, no previous...

JOURNAL NAME: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Introduction

Homelessness is associated with death at a young age, frequently related to physical and mental health problems complicated by drug or alcohol dependence (Stringfellow et al., 2015). Homeless people experience high symptom burden at the end-of-life (Tobey et al., 2016), yet access to palliative care services is limited (Shulman et al., In press). Conversations around future wishes and preferences with...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

People experiencing homelessness consistently fail to access palliative care services (Care Quality Commission 2016) and while there is much in the literature surrounding the barriers to appropriate health care (Hudson et al 2016), their specific needs and wishes remain poorly understood by health care professionals (Care Quality Commission 2016). This study aims to bridge the gap in knowledge.

The research question

The...

JOURNAL NAME: British Journal of Healthcare Management
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Pathway is the leading homeless healthcare charity in the UK. Established in 2009 after an audit of homeless patient admissions data, a model for holistic management was developed with the aim of improving both health and social outcomes for this vulnerable group. There are now 10 teams in hospitals across the country, where in-hospital GPs and nurses hold multidisciplinary meetings to address the housing, financial, social and health issues...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In the United States, approximately 150,000 families with 330,000 children stay in a homeless shelter each year (Solari et al. 2016). Millions more are housing insecure and at risk of homelessness. The family homelessness problem in the United States is large but solvable,1 and solutions are known to have broader benefits for children’s well-being, quality of life, and long-term life outcomes. Solutions to family homelessness may even yield...

JOURNAL NAME: Australian Journal of Teacher Education
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Young people entering homelessness often do so while still at school. This study explores Australian teachers’ and other student support staff perspectives of the experiences of students who are running away from home, the barriers to student help-seeking, and how local youth services can best support secondary schools to provide necessary services to keep students at school and at home or in some other form of safe and secure accommodation...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this exciting, thought-provoking new book, author Eric Weissman draws on personal experience, firsthand empirical research, and social theory to probe the causes and consequences of homelessness.

Hundreds of thousands of North Americans are homeless according to government statistics; hundreds of thousands, even millions more are only precariously housed, one paycheck away from life on the streets. Homelessness is one of the most...

JOURNAL NAME: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

This project had two aims: to gain an understanding of the profile and expressed needs of people seen by the Homeless Emergency Department Liaison Officer in the emergency department in comparison to general hospital presentations, and to explore the potential role for occupational therapy to respond to this population.

Method

The Emergency Department Information Systems database and Homeless Emergency Department Liaison...

JOURNAL NAME: City & Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Care for homeless people in general and homeless substance abusers in particular has been well explored as a research topic (Fisher and Collins ; Seal ; Desjarlais ; Pleace and Quilgars ; Bevan ; Briggs ). Historically, academics have been interested in care in settings as diverse as families, hospitals, asylums, poorhouses, the criminal justice system and more recently what has been called the ‘community’. In this paper, I want to look at...

JOURNAL NAME: National Youth-At-Risk Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In this article, we focus on interrelated mechanisms and practices that support students living below the poverty line. Addressing the needs of students living below the poverty line requires that educators consider both the inside- and outside-of-school realities of students and their families. Before discussing the recommendations, we define poverty and describe the complex ways it may shape student realities. We then discuss why we believe...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Occupational Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This piece assesses the home safety of formerly homeless adults ages 40–65 yr residing in supportive housing. Nineteen of 20 participants fell at or above the 95th percentile of an elderly reference group, indicating greater home safety concerns compared with adults 20 yr older.

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