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RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Biphobia

Feelings of rage, hate and disapproval toward bisexuality and bisexual people. Biphobia can be manifested in numerous ways, such as verbally, emotionally and through physical attacks.

Cisgender

When a person’s gender identity matches with their body and sex assigned at birth.

Cissexism

The belief that transgender people are inherently inferior...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Creative pieces spoken by queer and trans youth experiencing homelessness, arranged by Jama Shelton and a piece by Alex Abramovich are found in this section.

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

So many LGBTQ2S young people who have experienced homelessness are finding ways to carve out safe and meaningful lives, despite the barriers placed before them. They are survivors, creators and educators. They are thoughtful and strong. In this section are the stories of two such young people. Imagine what would be possible if they, and others like them, were affirmed by the individuals in their lives and supported by the institutions in...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The programs featured in this book, and others in Canada and the United States, save the lives of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness. They often work with insufficient funding, sometimes in hostile local and national political climates, to meet the needs of far too many LGBTQ2S young people who are reliant upon them. They are leaders in addressing homophobia, transphobia, heterosexism, cissexism, colonialism, racism, and poverty. They...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Alberta is a western province in Canada with an estimated population of 4,268,929, as of October 1, 2015. It is Canada’s fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada’s three prairie provinces. Alberta’s two largest municipalities, Edmonton and Calgary, make up just under half the province’s total population, with a combined population of 1,999,447. The Edmonton–Calgary corridor is the most urbanized region in the province,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There are many ways to think about what policy can and should achieve, and what its role should be in furthering public interests at the government, community and institutional levels. If the goals of good public policy include justice, the defence of human rights, and the enhancement of inclusion, respect and well-being for individuals and communities, a question to be asked is how does—or, more importantly, how should—policy address the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Peter Cicchino Youth Project (PCYP) at the Urban Justice Center provides legal services, policy advocacy, and case management services aimed at interrupting the cycles of poverty and criminalization that prevent LGBTQ+ street-involved youth and youth experiencing homelessness from living fulfilling lives free from discrimination, abuse and oppression. 

This case study provides an overview of PCYP’s approach to providing holistic,...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The legal issues facing youth experiencing homelessness are complicated and multi-faceted. When the legal problems of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness are neither identified nor addressed, the consequences that exacerbate or cause homelessness persist. For illustration, if a young person loses their employment due to discrimination based on sexual orientation, they may be unable to pay their rent. Or if a young person is assaulted by a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The New York City LGBT Community Center (The Center) and the Ali Forney Center (AFC), a provider of housing and supportive services for LGBTQ2S youth in New York City, collaborate on creating and executing a comprehensive work-readiness curriculum called LEAP (Learning, Education, Advancement and Placement). LEAP offers wraparound support with measures geared toward life skills, education and employment for LGBTQ2S young people experiencing...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Previous research reveals high unemployment rates among LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness. This chapter provides an overview of the vocational needs of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness and introduces the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment as one evidence-based solution to help this population gain and maintain competitive employment. The author illustrates the chapter with findings from a pilot...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This case study of the Young Black Gay Men’s Leadership Initiative (YBGLI) will demonstrate how leadership development can equip youth of colour, particularly young Black gay men, with key skills to combat homelessness and live successful lives. The development of these skills is facilitated by other young Black gay men, with skills including advocacy training, professional development, networking, leadership and mentorship opportunities....

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Black Queer Youth (BQY) Initiative is a group for Black, African, Caribbean and multiracial youth, aged 29 and under, who also identify as LGBTQ2S. For over 16 years, BQY has been one of the only spaces exclusively for youth who are both Black and queer-identified in Canada, and has grown from a monthly group facilitated by Black queer community volunteers into a fully-fledged project of the Supporting Our Youth Program at the Sherbourne...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

What’s it like for Black queer youth who identify as gay, bisexual and/or transgender to come of age and transition to adulthood in Canadian urban environments like Toronto? Obtaining stable housing is one of the most important transitions facing young adults, and racialized LGBTQ2S young adults are particularly vulnerable to being unable to successfully obtain this marker of adult status. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Ozone House is a community-based nonprofit agency located in Ann Arbor, Michigan that helps young people aged 10 to 21 lead safe, healthy and productive lives through intensive intervention and prevention services. Since 1969, we have actively developed unique, high-quality housing, services and support programs that provide intervention, training and services for youth who have run away, are experiencing homelessness or are at risk of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

YMCA Sprott House - Walmer Road Centre, Toronto's first and Canada's largest housing program for LGBTQ2S youth aged 16 to 24, officially opened its doors on February 1, 2016. Twenty-five LGBTQ2S youth live at Sprott House, supported by a team of Case Managers and Youth Workers, and regularly scheduled skills-building and recreational programming. 

While people had been advocating for LGBTQ2S-specific housing for youth in Toronto for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The GLBT Host Home Program, offered through Avenues for Homeless Youth, provides a unique housing model for queer and trans youth who are experiencing housing instability, most of whom, in our area, are youth of colour. This program, based in Minneapolis-Saint Paul (known as the Twin Cities), Minnesota, is one of the longest-running LGBTQ2S-specific host home programs in the United States. Many communities across the U.S. and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Despite decades of public support for ending homelessness, there is little evidence that homelessness has decreased in Canada. Instead, Canadian communities continue to respond to rising numbers of people without homes through emergency response measures that do little to prevent or end the problem. In sharp contrast, research has documented that homelessness is not inevitable and can be addressed with relatively insignificant government...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This brief notes that approximately one of four unsheltered adults in Southern California are women living on the streets without children under age 18 according to 2016 point-in-time homeless counts. The 2017 point-in-time homeless counts will soon be available.

Southern California is a region divided into 13 Continuums of Care (CoCs) by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). This brief also outlines several...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This case study describes some of the ethical framework and liberatory practices of RainCity Housing workers, clinicians and queer and trans youth to create a housing project that aims to deliver housing without the professional imperative to either ‘fix’ young sexually– and gender-diverse people or tell them how to live. RainCity is not a queer organization: it is a housing organization, and this case study is presented to assist and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

An estimated 1.3 to 1.7 million youth experience one night of homelessness each year in the United States, with 550,000 youth experiencing homelessness for a week or longer.  An estimated 18% to 43% of these youth identify as LGBTQ2S. Traditionally, shelters and other programs serving people experiencing homelessness have focused on emergency assistance and are often not optimally suited to address the specific upstream causes, challenges and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Central Toronto Youth Services (CTYS), an accredited children’s mental health agency, offers specialized services to support LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness through its Pride & Prejudice and Youth Hostel Outreach Programs. Through these programs, CTYS provides individual and family counselling, therapy and group work to LGBTQ2S youth aged 12 to 24, as well as case management and advocacy work. Working within an anti-oppression...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Racial, sexual and gender minority youth who also experience homelessness must, during critical stages of development, simultaneously manage stressors that accompany racial minority, sexual and gender minority, and homelessness. Evidence suggests that adolescents and young adults who self-identify with one or more of these marginalized statuses report higher rates of symptoms of depression and suicidality. A substantial body of evidence...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Central Toronto Youth Services (CTYS), an accredited children’s mental health agency, offers specialized services to support LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness through its Pride & Prejudice and Youth Hostel Outreach Programs. Through these programs, CTYS provides individual and family counselling, therapy and group work to LGBTQ2S youth aged 12 to 24, as well as case management and advocacy work. Working within an anti-oppression...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over a decade ago, youth homelessness advocates noticed a spike in the number of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness. Multiple causes for the disproportionate rate at which LGBTQ2S youth experience homelessness have been reported, including homophobia, transphobia, classism and racism, often resulting in increased involvement in the foster care and juvenile justice systems, individual and familial poverty and identity-based family...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Though a growing body of research examines LGBTQ2S youth homelessness, gaps in knowledge remain, and large-scale data collection continues to be limited. Research shows that LGBTQ2S youth make up a disproportionate number of youth experiencing homelessness in North America. Estimated to comprise 20–40% of the overall homeless youth population, the percentage of LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness is at least three times greater than the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Street-involved youth and youth experiencing homelessness in Canada are disproportionately likely to be Indigenous: while the Canadian census estimates about 6% of youth in Canada are Indigenous, previous multi-city surveys of street-involved youth and youth experiencing homelessness in Western Canada have found more than half identify as Aboriginal, First Nations, Inuit or Métis.

The authors' overall...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

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