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JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Poverty and Social Justice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2012 the UK government introduced the harshest regime of conditionality and sanctions in the history of the benefits system. The government insists sanctions are not punitive, but critics call this into question. In particular, the regime has been charged with disproportionately affecting vulnerable people. Based on a survey and qualitative interviews with homeless people, this paper shows that homeless people are disproportionately...

JOURNAL NAME: Yale Journal of Law & Feminism
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Surveys of transgender people reveal high levels of discrimination in housing. Surveys are helpful; however, in the housing context discriminatory actions are often subtle and occur without a person’s knowledge. Very little empirical evidence, in the form of statistic measures of discrimination exists regarding the actual level of gender identity-based discrimination that is occurring in the rental housing market. This article presents...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Relatively little is known about immigrants’ settlement experiences in small- and mid-sized Canadian cities, including their access to local services and their housing experiences and outcomes—both of which are key factors in successful integration. This study considered immigrants’ settlement experiences, including their access to local services and their housing experiences and outcomes, in the cities of Kelowna and Kamloops, with a focus...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Youth Studies
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The term ‘Generation Rent’ denotes young people who are increasingly living in the private rented sector for longer periods of their lives because they are unable to access homeownership or social housing. Drawing on qualitative data from two studies with young people and key-actors, this paper considers the phenomenon of ‘Generation Rent’ from the perspective of youth transitions and the concept of ‘home’. These frameworks posit that young...

JOURNAL NAME: Housing Policy Debate
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The United States is experiencing a housing crisis unlike anything we have seen for decades. Since the 2008 recession, the national homeownership rate has plummeted to a 50-year low, largely because of the spike in foreclosures, short sales and deeds in lieu of foreclosures, as well as tight mortgage credit and delayed household formation. On the rental front, vacancy rates have fallen over the past 5 years, leading to sharp increases in...

JOURNAL NAME: Poverty & Public Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Financial fragility and inadequate emergency savings are commonly associated with lower educational attainment, lower household income, younger age, minority status, and lower rates of financial knowledge and financial literacy. Using the 2012 National Financial Capability Study (N = 25,509), the purpose of this research was to determine if renters, compared to homeowners, were more likely to report financial fragility or inadequate emergency...

ORGANIZATION: Government of Alberta
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Having a stable home contributes to better health, financial, education and social outcomes, and reduces pressures on the health-care, social-support and justice systems.

The Alberta government developed a Provincial Affordable Housing Strategy that goes beyond bricks and mortar, focusing on making life better for tenants by giving them the tools to become more successful in life.

The Provincial Affordable Housing Strategy...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The aim of this review is to synthesise issues and models of practice around the nexus between mental health, housing and homelessness. The context for this review is to better understand how issues of mental health, housing and homelessness might be more sustainably overcome throughout the Brisbane Local Government Area (LGA) from a review of practices employed here and elsewhere.

This review brings together evidence based and best...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Analyses of repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have tended to focus on coverage. This study, which gauges the potential effects of repealing certain ACA provisions, looks at the question of primary health care access itself, with a focus on medically underserved communities. A survey developed and fielded in early 2017 asked community health centers to estimate the impact of ending the Health Centers Fund established under the ACA as...

JOURNAL NAME: Parity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

There is little doubt that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer or questioning (LGBTIQ) people are over-represented among homeless people. The Australian 2014 General Social Survey indicated that 33.7 per cent of respondents who identified as lesbian/gay, and 20.8 per cent of bisexuals, reported that they had ever experienced homelessness, compared with 13.4 per cent of heterosexuals.

JOURNAL NAME: Parity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

It remains an unfortunate fact that young people represent a significant proportion of the homeless and at risk population in Australia. In New South Wales (NSW), currently around one in four clients (26 per cent) of governmentfunded homelessness services are young people aged 15 to 24 years old (18,419 out of a total 69,715 clients in 2015-16). Although the proportion of 15 to 24 year old clients is lower than in previous years due to an...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A small but growing body of research is finding that untold numbers of students are experiencing food and housing insecurity as they pursue their college education (Crutchfield, 2016). Homelessness or “housing insecurity” as referred to in this study is based on the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 2001, which cast a wide net when defining “homeless,” to include experiences of couch surfing and doubling-up in spaces not meant for two...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Public Management & Social Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Great Recession has resulted in various changes in homeless populations in municipalities throughout the world. From “unsheltered homeless” in NYC to "rough sleepers" in London and to "sans-abris" in Paris, or "poblacion callejera" in Mexico City, the economic crisis of 2008 impacted economies in ways that put severe pressures on housing, particularly at the lower-income-level brackets. After all, the Great...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Permanent supportive housing (PSH) has been recognized as an effective intervention and the national policy for addressing chronic homelessness in the United States. Due to an aging cohort of homeless adults and prioritizing those who are most vulnerable for housing, the health status of those entering PSH is likely worse than those previously reported in the literature.

Methods

This report examined the self-reported health...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Homelessness affects an estimated 1.6 million US youth annually. Compared with housed youth, homeless youth are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors, including inconsistent condom use, multiple sex partners, survival sex, and alcohol/drug use, putting them at increased sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk. However, there is no national estimate of STD prevalence among this population.

Methods

We identified 10...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While there has been work done on homeless populations, and policies regarding homeless shelters, there has been minimal sociological research into the case workers and shelters that work with the homeless to aid them in getting into housing. I studied a day shelter for the homeless in East Tennessee that utilizes a “housing first” method. There I interviewed eleven employees, volunteers, and board members of my chosen shelter, East Tennessee...

JOURNAL NAME: Diversity and Equality in Health and Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of health care providers in an acute care setting delivering care to pregnant women who are experiencing homelessness. In recent years, the number of women experiencing homelessness has significantly increased. In North America, the emerging homeless profile is that of a younger person and more often women. Living in precarious housing situations increases one’s risk for...

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Chronically homeless individuals often have extensive health, mental health and psychosocial needs that pose barriers to obtaining and maintain supportive housing. This study aims to qualitatively explore supportive housing providers’ experiences and challenges with housing chronically homeless individuals and examine opportunities to improve supportive housing systems of care. In 2014, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 65...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Health care for the homeless is a major problem in American communities. Understanding the gaps, barriers and limitations in this system is imperative to providing homeless populations appropriate care. This research aims to understand the gaps in the homeless system of Worcester, Massachusetts through interviews with hospital staff and employees of agencies working with the homeless population. Analysis revealed an extremely divided system...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless college students face many obstacles in higher education. These students are the invisible population on campuses that are sometimes forgotten. Despite facing many challenges and barriers, these students continue to pursue a degree of higher education. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences and obstacles homeless college students face while they word toward a degree. Understanding how successful homeless college...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper presents HEALER, a software agent that recommends sequential intervention plans for use by homeless shelters, who organize these interventions to raise awareness about HIV among
homeless youth. HEALER’s sequential plans (built using knowledge of social networks of homeless youth) choose intervention participants strategically to maximize influence spread, while reasoning about uncertainties in the network. While previous work...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Housing Economics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

This study evaluates the community impact of the first four years of Homebase, a homelessness prevention program in New York City. Family shelter entries decreased on average in the neighbourhoods in which Homebase was operating. Homebase effects appear to be heterogeneous, and so different kinds of averages imply different-sized effects. The (geometric) average decrease in shelter entries was about 5% when census tracts are weighted equally...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychological Services
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is committed to preventing and ending homelessness among U.S. veterans, but there have been few estimates of the incidence of veteran homelessness and prospective studies to identify predictors of homelessness. This study examines the 1-year incidence of homelessness among veterans seen in VA specialty mental health clinics and identified sociodemographic and clinical predictors of homelessness. Using a...

ORGANIZATION: District of Nipissing Social services Administration Board (DNSSAB)
RESOURCE TYPE: Homeless Count
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

North Bay PiT Count results presentation delivered on June 21, 2016 to the District of Nipissing Social services Administration Board (with speaking notes).

ORGANIZATION: District of Nipissing Social services Administration Board (DNSSAB)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Homeless Individuals and Families Information System (HIFIS), is a data management tool used by service providers to assist in their daily operations. It also provides information to the community about individuals and families who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and the supports and services they access. In 2015, two service providers used HIFIS Crisis Centre North Bay Four Elms Residence and Low Income People Involvement (LIPI). ...

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Organized by the Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness (CAEH) the 20,000 Homes Campaign is a "national movement of communities working together to permanently house 20,000 of Canada's most vulnerable people experiencing homelessness by July 1, 2018."

In 2014, Waterloo Region was the first community in Canada to join the campaign and pilot a Registry Week. The Waterloo Region Campaign Progress Report (2014-March 2017) identifies...

ORGANIZATION: Region of Waterloo
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Region of Waterloo Housing Services has produced the 2016/17 Housing Stability Data Summary to inform the community of current trends in housing and homelessness in Waterloo Region. The Data Summary includes information for the last three years on emergency shelter use, income, rental housing affordability and...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Policy and Society
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The youth foyer model was designed to provide a package of support, including accommodation to homeless or at-risk young people, based on participation in education, training and/or employment as a supported transition to independent living and a sustainable livelihood. Commencing in the early 1990s, the UK has developed a large number of foyers while Australia is a relative newcomer to this kind of supportive youth housing. Unlike in the UK...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
JOURNAL NAME: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Excessive alcohol use among the homeless may contribute to their high rates of emergency department use. Survey-based studies have provided some information on the relation between alcohol and emergency department use among the homeless.

Methods

This study used an intensive schedule of random breath collections and self-report assessments to examine the relation between emergency department utilization and alcohol use in...

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