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RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study examines how Americans view the homeless, and how their perceptions are influenced by the race and gender of homeless individuals. It seeks to replicate and extend the research of Phelan, Link, Moore, and Stueve, and uses their findings as a point of departure. Phelan et al. established twenty years ago that the homeless label imposes a stigma, which induces the public to distance themselves from those to whom it is applied....

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this project is to explore the services needed by elders who first became homeless in later life. The U.S. Census Bureau projects the elderly homeless population will increase by 33 percent by 2020. Compared with younger counterparts, older homeless people are more isolated and refuse to use traditional services. Findings from surveys, observations and interviews suggest mobile outreach is an efficient strategy to reach out to...

JOURNAL NAME: Addictive Behaviors Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, ...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable,...

JOURNAL NAME: Humanomics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper aims to study the specific factors causing suburban-dwelling elderly American women to patronize different soup kitchens in Pennsylvania and investigate how non-profit and government agencies could better meet the needs of this food-insecure population, to fill a significant gap in the growing literature on food insecurity in high-income countries.

JOURNAL NAME: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Health solutions for the poor
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study was conducted in Atlanta, GA, during an ongoing outbreak of drug-resistant TB among PEH that began in 2008.7 Atlanta has a population of about 5.7 million, with a homeless population estimated at 4317 in 2015.9,10 The metropolitan area is primarily located in Fulton County, where there was an average of 55 cases of TB per year from 2008 to 2015, and 36% of TB cases occurred among PEH.7 The county’s public health response to the...

JOURNAL NAME: Research on Social Work Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Objective: To test the effectiveness of Houvast: a strengths-based intervention for homeless young adults. Method: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted with 10 Dutch shelter facilities randomly allocated to an intervention and a control group. Homeless young adults were interviewed when entering the facility and when care ended. Repeated-measures analyses and logistic regression analyses were conducted by the principle of...
JOURNAL NAME: Contraception
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

 In this cross-sectional study, 54 homeless women in Chicago who were at risk of unintended pregnancy were surveyed via structured in-person interviews regarding their pregnancy intentions, contraceptive preferences and barriers to obtaining effective contraception.

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Cognitive impairments are common in homeless youth and negatively impact academic and vocational outcomes. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive interventions provided to 18- to 22-year-old homeless youth living in urban supportive housing. Ninety-one homeless youth were randomized to receive either targeted cognitive training (cognitive remediation) or general cognitive activation (computer skills training). Cognitive and...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This chapter explores and synthesises what welfare agencies perceive to be the main consequences of austerity on their day-to-day operations. Issues that concern financial barriers (unemployment benefits and uninsured persons), organisational deficiencies (strict shelter admission regulations and/or lack of expertise), or cultural constraints (stigmatisation and discrimination in public health services) are placed within a broader perspective...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Estimates and maps of different forms of homelessness and poverty in Athens are produced by using FEANTSA’sETHOS typology and Hopper’s classification of visible and invisible homelessness. Findings suggest a significant increase of (visible) homelessness mostly concerning people in various shelters and recently arrived immigrants, while roofless street persons are less numerous than expected. Existing provisions cannot address the dramatic...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This chapter maps the multiple effects of the crisis in metropolitan areas of Southern Europe: rising urban poverty, unemployment, household over-indebtedness, the increase of children in poverty risk, deterioration of the living conditions of immigrants, and marginalisation of asylum seekers, which cumulatively exacerbate historically established patterns of poverty in Southern Europe. These effects reflect historical divisions between North...

JOURNAL NAME: Contested Landscapes of Poverty and Homelessness In Southern Europe
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Research in metropolitan cities of the Global North, such as New York, Los Angeles, London, Berlin, or Paris, has depicted the messy character of neoliberal reforms addressing only street homelessness and the visible poor. We set out a conceptual framework for the comparative study of poverty taking into account both its visible and invisible aspects in Southern European cities. Contested landscapes of poverty assistance are being reshaped by...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Criminal Justice and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Utilizing 400 youths living on the street, the article examines the social schematic theory of crime developed by Simons and Burt. It explores the role homelessness, physical abuse, emotional neglect, violent victimization, and peers play in the development of criminogenic knowledge structures (CKSs). It then examines the associations between adverse experiences, the CKS, and crime. Results show that deviant peers mediate the relationships...

JOURNAL NAME: PPP Poverty & Public Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Invisible Nation, written by Richard Schweid, draws attention to homelessness in America. Schweid was born in Nashville, Tennessee, and since then has lived in Boston, Massachusetts; Fairfax, Virginia; Portland, Oregon; and Trenton, New Jersey. While living in each city, Schweid interviewed homeless families and agencies that helped those in need. He made it his mission to connect with individuals on a personal level. Each year, families are...

ORGANIZATION: The Government of Canada
RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The National Housing Strategy, announced on November 22, 2017, is a 10-year, $40-billion plan that will give more Canadians a place to call home.

The Strategy is a national initiative, built through extensive consultations over approximately 2 years with Canadians from all walks of life: experts, stakeholders, think tanks, and people with lived experiences to provide a diversity of housing perspectives.

ORGANIZATION: City of Yellowknife
RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

A CALL TO ACTION

Everyone is Home: Yellowknife’s 10 Year Plan to End Homelessness

The people of the North have taken on and overcome seemingly insurmountable challenges. Yellowknifers carve their lives from an environment others see as harsh and unforgiving as much as it is breathtaking. As in many Northwest Territories communities, the city is forging a future made up of increasing diversity, grounded in ways of life...

ORGANIZATION: Calgary Homeless Foundation
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the last decade, governments across Canada have increasingly mandated that policies and programmes to address homelessness follow a Housing First approach. Such an approach suggests that someone who is experiencing homelessness should be housed immediately, and any individual-level factors that contributed to their homelessness, such as mental health issues and addictions, will be addressed afterwards. The uptake of Housing First has...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2001

Child poverty and the well-being of children is an important policy issue throughout the industrialised world. Some 47 million children in 'rich' countries live in families so poor that their health and well-being are at risk. The main themes addressed are: · the extent and trend of child poverty in industrialised nations; · outcomes for children - for example, the relationship between childhood experiences and children's health; · country...

ORGANIZATION: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Missed Opportunities: National Estimates summarizes the results of the Voices of Youth Count national survey that estimates the percentage of United States youth, ages 13 to 25, who have experienced unaccompanied homelessness at least once during a recent 12-month period. Results show that approximately one in 10 American young adults ages 18 to 25, and at least one in 30 adolescent minors ages 13 to 17, endures some form of homelessness....

ORGANIZATION: The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness, Eva’s Initiatives For Homeless Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

BACKGROUND 

In general, youth service providers have a strong interest in learning how effective they are in improving the quality of life for youth experiencing homelessness. But it has proven difficult to identify a coherent framework in which to measure outcomes, and young people's voices have not traditionally been brought into the evaluation process as the people most impacted by these services. 

With...

ORGANIZATION: Laurentian University, University of Sudbury
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract: This special issue describes a multi-year community-university research alliance that explores issues related to poverty, homelessness, housing and migration in a vast region within northern Ontario, Canada. This introductory article explains the approach to the methodology used in the project and provides and an integrative perspective to the studies undertaken. The six articles presented in this special issue are...

ORGANIZATION: University of Alberta
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract: In this article, Lefebvre’s theory of space is utilized to understand the competing patterns in the use of public space by two different groups: the general public and homeless people as a sub-group. The general public perceives public space as distinctly separate from private space while the pri-vate space of homeless people is public space. This creates a dichotomy in their respective relationships to public space and...

ORGANIZATION: University of Sudbury
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract: When a federal government report recom-mended that the community of Kashechewan First Nation be relocated to Timmins Ontario, the commu-nity leadership decided to conduct its own community consultations. Direct and meaningful input from the community was the focus of this community-based initiative involving all age groups. This participatory research project was headed and conducted by Cree people who worked as a team to ensure...

ORGANIZATION: Laurentian University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract:  This study fills a gap in the literature by expanding knowledge about migratory/transient homelessness in a northern Ontario context. Con-ducted in Sudbury (Ontario) Canada, this multi-methods study included an analysis of existing quan-titative and qualitative data (from 2000-2007), a sur-vey of homeless persons (2009) and focus groups with service users and providers (2009). Key findings indicate that migrants constitute about a...

ORGANIZATION: Laurentian University
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract: This article describes a study on home-lessness within a First Nation community (NEO FN), including the characteristics and reasons for home-lessness, the size of the at risk population, service utilization, the impact of homelessness and models of collaboration between agencies. An objective was to gather information for the development of a com-munity-based strategy for addressing homelessness, including the need and possibility...

ORGANIZATION: City of Kingston
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2015

Introduction

“One of the primary roles of the housing and social services department of the...

ORGANIZATION: United Way
RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Voice of Youth

Right from the start, the plan has been developed with the voice of youth. Youth have informed the plan at every stage. They identified the causes of youth homelessness in Kingston and area and they recommended solutions to address the issue.

In August 2015 a Youth Council was created. The mandate is to ensure voice and perspective of youth is at the forefront of the issue of youth homelessness, youth...

ORGANIZATION: City of Kingston
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Four Strategies:

1. Provide Mentoring: Youth can benefit from experiences, connections and advice on how best to pursue employment opportunities. The practical preparation needed by youth is broad, ranging from understanding work culture and expectations, to connecting with others to discover and pursue opportunities, and how to skillfully manage their careers (personal finances, dress, job interviews etc.).

2. Make Employers...

ORGANIZATION: EENet Ontario Housing First Regional Network Community of Interest
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The policy brief, A Portable Housing Benefit as an Indispensable Component of Ending Homelessness in Canada, describes why PHB is a critical part of services delivered by Housing First programs to assist people who have experienced chronic or episodic homelessness to become stably housed. The policy brief also presents the research that has demonstrated its effectiveness, along with a set of recommendations. 

Current challenges in...

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