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RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This policy guide provides information about the most important federal programs, policies, and legislation affecting homelessness. Key housing and homelessness topics are covered including HUD's McKinney-Vento homeless assistance programs, Section 8 housing choice vouchers, and housing programs dedicated to people with HIV/AIDS, the elderly, and people with disabilities. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: National Alliance to End Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Fact Sheet
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The Alliance released an updated brief on chronic homelessness, describing its characteristics, causes, and solutions. The brief summarizes the interaction between emergency shelters, health care systems, and criminal justice and chronic homelessness. It also describes the benefits and cost effectiveness of permanent supportive housing and the success that many communities have achieved. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Abstract Data from the Women with Co-occurring Disorders and Histories of Violence Study are used to examine characteristics distinguishing mothers currently providing care for all their minor children (n = 558) from mothers separated from one or more minor children (n = 1396). Mothers are described and compared on background characteristics and experiences, well-being and current functioning, situational context, and services used. Analyses...

JOURNAL NAME: The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Data from the Women with Co-occurring Disorders and Histories of Violence Study are used to examine characteristics distinguishing mothers currently providing care for all their minor children (n = 558) from mothers separated from one or more minor children (n = 1396). Mothers are described and compared on background characteristics and experiences, well-being and current functioning, situational context, and services used. Analyses control...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The Expanded Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations was used to examine the predisposing, enabling, and need factors associated with mental health service use in a homeless adolescent sample. Among all youth, 32% perceived a need for help with mental health problems and 15% met Brief-Symptom Inventory (BSI) criteria for emotional distress. The rate of mental health service use in our sample was 32%. One enabling factor, having a case...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Supportive housing is subsidized housing with on-site or closely linked services for chronically homeless persons. Most literature describing the effects of supportive housing on health service utilization does not describe use across multiple domains of services. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 249 applicants to a supportive housing program; 114 (45.7%) were housed in the program. We describe the pattern of service use across...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of General Internal Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

BACKGROUND: Homelessness is associated with high rates of health and substance use problems. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the age, housing, health status, health service utilization, and drug use of the homeless population over a 14-year period. DESIGN: Serial cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 3,534 literally homeless adults recruited at service providers in San Francisco in 4 waves: 1990–1994, 1996–1998, 1999–2000, and...

JOURNAL NAME: Oregon Department of Education
RESOURCE TYPE: Newspaper
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

On November 15, 2006 the Oregon Department of Education released Oregon's homeless student population for the 2005-06 school year: 13,159. This represents an increase of 1,867 homeless students enrolled in public schools from the previous year. For related Oregon information, see http://www.ode.state.or.us/opportunities/...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Without Housing documents federal funding trends for affordable housing over the past 25 years, particularly funding for housing programs administered by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), as well as Section 515 rural affordable housing administered by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). It describes the correlation of these trends to the emergence of a new and massive episode of homelessness in the early 1980s...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2011

The annual report of Havard's Joint Center "The State of the Nation's Housing," identifies and analyzes demographic, economic and social trends to inform industry leaders and public officials and helps them to prepare for the future. The Center, a collaboration of the University's School of Design and School of Government, generates new information on housing and mortgage markets by analyzing large-scale...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The advantages of employing evidence-based practices are now widely acknowledged across the medical, substance abuse, and mental health fields. This paper discusses evidence-based practices and their use in treating persons with co-occurring disorders, discusses how evidence is used to determine if a given practice should be labeled as evidence based, and gives some brief examples. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Only about half the people with co-occurring disorders (COD) receive any services within substance abuse and mental health (SA/MH) settings. Settings outside the SA/MH system, or settings where service missions do not include a primary focus on COD, are the focus of this overview paper. Primary health, public safety and criminal justce, and social service settings, where persons with COD are likely to be seen, are highlighted. These...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Adolescent Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This study aims to give insight into how urban homeless youth choose whether to trust professionals, and to describe the characteristics of a professional they view as deserving of trust. The authors used a convenience sample of 18-21 year olds recruited from an urban shelter serving homeless youth, most whom have had a history of emotional trauma, exploitation, and abuse. Ethnographic interviews were conducted in 2 phases. Of the 49...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Adolescent Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The study sought to describe service utilization patterns of homeless youth based on their life cycle stage. Ninety-nine percent of participants accessed services. Medical service utilization was highest among youth who were attempting to leave the street. Drug-related service utilization was lowest among youth most entrenched in street life. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This exploratory study examines the influence of context on interaction patterns homeless mothers use with their preschool children during book-reading and game-playing. The study also looks at the impact of mothers' previously determined language functioning on their contextual use of facilitating language utterances. Using a prospective, nonrandomized, comparison group design, mothers read a book and played a game with their preschool...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Case management (CM) coordinates care for persons with complex health care needs. It is not known whether CM is effective at improving biological outcomes among homeless and marginally housed persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Our goal was to determine whether CM is associated with reduced acute medical care use and improved biological outcomes in homeless and marginally housed persons with HIV. We conducted a...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Extension
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The Extension Connection enhances life skills to support workforce development of low-income families by providing education promoting self-sufficiency. This program helps develop life skills that provide structure within the family and community. Project STRIDE supports workforce development in a high-crime, at-risk area with education. Project STRIDE increases stability within the family, helps families be productive in their community, and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This summary accompanies the good practice guide on homelessness prevention, by providing key findings from an evaluation of homelessness prevention across ten local authorities.

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The 2005 ACS Special Product for the Gulf Coast Area focuses on two distinct areas: the 117 FEMA-designated IPA counties, and the remaining counties in each state not identified as FEMA-designated IPA counties ("balance of the state"). The 2005 ACS Special Product for the Gulf Coast Area contains information for these two distinct areas for January through August of 2005 and for September through December of 2005. (Authors...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This letter to the editor by social worker Bejamin Alexander-Eitzman suggests that another article appearing in the Journal (Canton, et al. Risk factors for long-term homelessness: findings from a longitudinal study of first-time homeless single adults) examines the wrong questions. Alexander-Eitzman believes that the public healthification of homelessness (e.g., that social problems such as homelessness are defined by personal-level...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This report contains policy recommendations in the areas of employment, income and asset growth, health, education and healthy family relationships. Providing state leaders with a central set of policy priorities, the report includes a 50-state policy overview.

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This study examines gender differences and how well various forms of trauma and social support predict homeless substance abusers' tenure in the community without rehospitalization. Researchers analyzed sexual and physical abuses at different stages of participants' lives, combat exposure, and recent traumatic along with social support factors via Cox's proportional hazard model of survival in a 2-year follow-up. The survival...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This report is the first comprehensive survey and grading of state adult public mental healthcare systems conducted in more than 15 years. Public systems serve people with serious mental illnesses—such as schizophrenia, bipolar illness, and major depression—who have the lowest incomes. The report confirms in state-by-state detail what President Bush’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health called a fragmented system in shambles. Nationally...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In an effort to address the challenges facing former prisoners and the communities to which they return, Public/Private Ventures (P/PV) developed and launched Ready4Work: An Ex-Prisoner, Community and Faith Initiative. Funded by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Employment and Training Administration (ETA), the U.S. Department of Justice, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Ford Foundation, this three-year pilot program was designed to...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In recent years a number of reports have documented an increase in the number of homeless families in the US. Using a sample of 195 mothers who were veterans of the US armed forces we assessed the association of maternal homelessness and clinical status, with measures of children’s mental health, school enrolment and attendance. Although maternal homelessness had no significant association with children’s reported emotional problems it had a...

JOURNAL NAME: Health Services Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The findings of a study determine whether social supplemental security income (SSI) or Social Security disability income (SSDI) disability payments is associated with increased drug and alcohol use in a sample of 6,199 homeless and mentally ill participants in the Access to Community Care and Effective Social Supports and Services. The authors report on the observational, 12-month, cohort study that was completed over 4 years. Substance...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Homelessness is an increasing problem among subjects with severe mental illnesses and little is known about the characteristics of homeless subjects with psychosis using emergency psychiatric services. The aims of the present study were to assess the frequency of psychotic disorders among subjects attending a psychiatric emergency service and to explore the clinical and demographic characteristics of these subjects and the management proposed...

JOURNAL NAME: Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

ACCESS demonstration sites were followed for an additional two years beyond the scheduled four-year evaluation to assess whether any delayed effects had occurred in system and project integration. For system integration, findings indicate that there was a sharp increase between Wave 3 (1998) and Wave 4 (2000), but experimental and comparison sites had identical trends. For project integration, experimental sites at Wave 4 sustained the high...

JOURNAL NAME: Acta Psychiatrica Scandaniavica
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Objective: To describe the intervention effects of supplying homeless individuals with permanent housing. Method: In a prospective study, 109 male and 20 female homeless individuals were assessed at baseline and at 1- and 3-year follow-up concerning mental illness (SCID-I), psychopathology, global assessment of functioning, emotional lability and alcohol consumption. Results: A high proportion (86%) of the individuals was able to maintain...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This annual report assesses homelessness in New York City. In 2006, there has been record increase in the number of homeless people spending the night in shelters, particularly families and children. The authors include an action plan, with emphasis on improving "Housing Stability Plus," the city's new homeless rent subsidy program.

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