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JOURNAL NAME: American Family Physician
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In 2004, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse placed eight guidelines from the National Health Care for the Homeless Council on its Web site. Seven of the guidelines are on specific disease processes and one is on general care. In addition to straightforward clinical decision making, the guidelines contain medical information specific to patients who are homeless. These guidelines have been endorsed by dozens of physicians who spend a large...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

OBJECTIVE: To determine inner city American Indians' perceptions of diabetes; find out how they manage their disease; and identify what health care improvements may be necessary for this population. DESIGN: Eight focus group discussions conducted with diabetic inner city American Indian adults. SETTING: Focus group discussions led by moderator using open-ended questions with prompts. PARTICIPANTS: Eligibility criteria include age...

JOURNAL NAME: Cyberpsychology and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

There has been a growing interest in using the Internet to access a variety of populations for prevention education and health care. It is not clear that this is viable for homeless and other marginalized populations. The purpose of this study was to describe Internet access and use among a sample of homeless and indigent drug users. A brief questionnaire was developed to assess computer ownership, use, email, and Internet access and use....

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Reserach
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The Expanded Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations was used to examine the predisposing, enabling, and need factors associated with mental health service use in a homeless adolescent sample (N?=?688). Among all youth, 32% perceived a need for help with mental health problems and 15% met Brief-Symptom Inventory (BSI) criteria for emotional distress. The rate of mental health service use in our sample was 32%. One enabling factor, having...

JOURNAL NAME: Child Abuse and Neglect
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

PROBLEM: Various demographic and familial risk factors have been linked to runaway behavior. To date, there has not been a systematic investigation of the impact of size of community on runaway behavior. This study will compare runaways from smaller cities and rural areas to their urban counterparts. METHODS: A convenience sample of 602 adolescents was interviewed between 1995 and August of 1996 in Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas,...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Adolescent Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Prevention and treatment programs for runaways have been hindered by an inadequate population profile. Using Add Health data to determine 12-month prevalence and demographic predictors of running away, we found that over 6% of youths reported running away. Running was predicted by biological gender, age, region, urbanicity, and family structure. (Authors)

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In recent years a number of reports have documented an increase in the number of homeless families in the US. Using a sample of 195 mothers who were veterans of the US armed forces we assessed the association of maternal homelessness and clinical status, with measures of children’s mental health, school enrollment and attendance. Although maternal homelessness had no significant association with children’s reported emotional problems it had a...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Clinical Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This study investigated the relationship of homeless status, ethnic identity, respondent ethnicity (African American, Latino, Native American, and Anglo), and Latino, Anglo, and Mexican American orientation on the functional impairment (Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale, BASIS-32; S. V. Eisen, 1996) of 355 homeless men and women who were interviewed in Pomona, California. Multivariate analyses of variance results indicated that...

JOURNAL NAME: Emergency Department in US Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This issue of the Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America focuses on the spectrum of public health issues that significantly impact the practice of emergency medicine and which are faced by practicing emergency physicians on daily basis. Topics include public health research in the emergency department; respiratory threats; emerging infectious diseases; emergency department overcrowding; end-of-life care; racial and ethnic disparities;...

JOURNAL NAME: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the role of the emergency department (ED) in the care of homeless and disadvantaged populations. It suggests that organized emergency medicine can have a significant impact on total community health by maintaining a universal "safety net" for the delivery of integrated health and human services. The epidemiology of social deprivation among ED patients is examined, with a particular focus on...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Health Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Up to 55% of the homeless population report health problems. They often use the emergency department (ED) to obtain care when the health needs are not urgent. Nurse-managed clinics have the potential to reduce nonurgent ED use and improve the health of the homeless. The purpose of this study was to establish baseline health data on homeless persons prior to attending a nurse-managed clinic. This study was a cross-sectional, retrospective...

JOURNAL NAME: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This research examined two premises of supported housing: (a) that consumer choice/control over housing and support and the quality of housing are important contributors to the subjective quality of life and adaptation to community living of people with mental illness, and (b) that apartments provide mental health consumers with more choice/control over housing and support than group living arrangements. To test these two hypotheses, we...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Urban Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Homeless individuals experience high rates of morbidity and mortality, yet many homeless studies include small percentages of female participants. We therefore sought to determine correlates of homelessness separately for men and women in a sample of individuals visiting free food programs. Between August 2003 and April 2004, 324 individuals were recruited from San Francisco free food programs and interviewed regarding housing,...

JOURNAL NAME: Injury Prevention
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Background: Geomatics describes the activities involved in acquiring and managing geographical data and producing geographical information for scientific, administrative and technical endeavors. As an emerging science, geomatics has a great potential to support public health. Geomatics provides a conceptual foundation for the development of geographic information systems (GIS), computerized tools that manage and display geographical data for...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Obesity
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Fast food is routinely blamed for the obesity epidemic and consequentially excluded from professional dietary recommendations. However, several sections of society including senior citizens, low-income adult and children, minority and homeless children, or those pressed for time appear to rely on fast food as an important source of meals. Considering the dependence of these nutritionally vulnerable population groups on fast food, we examined...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of General Internal Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Background: There is little understanding about the experiences and preferences at the end of life (EOL) for people from unique cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds. Homeless individuals are extreme examples of these overlooked populations; they have the greatest risk of death, encounter barriers to health care, and lack the resources and relationships assumed necessary for appropriate EOL care. Exploring their desires and concerns will...

JOURNAL NAME: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This article describes an innovative trauma-informed care management model in which mental health, substance abuse, and support services are integrated for homeless families in primary care. The rationale for service integration in a health care setting is discussed and the conceptual underpinnings of the model are elaborated, drawing from the literature and clinical experience. Service encounter data collected by each staff member over a 1-...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychiatric Services
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the relationship between psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse and dependence, and risk behaviors for contracting HIV. METHODS: A probability sample of 218 homeless men and women were recruited from food programs and shelters assisting homeless individuals in an urban metropolitan community. Mood disorders, schizophrenia, and substance abuse and dependence diagnoses were assessed with the...

JOURNAL NAME: AIDS and Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Studies among normative samples generally demonstrate a positive impact of marriage on health behaviors and other related attitudes. In this study, we examine the impact of marriage on HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and attitudes among impoverished, highly stressed, homeless couples, many with severe substance abuse problems. A multilevel analysis of 368 high-risk sexually intimate married and unmarried heterosexual couples assessed individual and...

JOURNAL NAME: Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Persons with severe mental illness (SMI) comprise a growing proportion of the HIV-infected population, likely fueled by high rates of substance abuse. This article documents the rate of HIV infection among persons dually diagnosed with SMI and substance use disorders (SUDs) and reviews empirical studies examining the association between substance abuse and sexual risk behavior. It then discusses potential mechanisms through which substance...

JOURNAL NAME: Sexual Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Background: The study examined risk factors for having ever contracted sexually transmissible infections (STI) among a high-risk sample in midwestern USA. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 428 homeless youth aged 16–19 years. Assessed correlates included child maltreatment, street exposure, sexual histories, street experiences and substance use. Results: Multivariate analyses revealed that males were 86% less likely to...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

We examined the rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) (using PDE and SCID-II) and substance abuse or dependence (SCID-I) (BPD-SUD) (N = 82) compared with those with BPD-only (N = 102), exploring mediators of this relationship. Participants were interviewed about STD history (gonorrhea, genital herpes, syphilis, trichomonas, human papillomavirus, and HIV), condom use, number of sexual...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

The Health of Homeless Adults in New York City represents an unprecedented collaboration between the health and homeless services agencies to better understand, and ultimately improve, the health of tens of thousands of New Yorkers who experience homelessness each year. While we still have much to learn about the relationship between homelessness and health, the report makes it clear that homeless individuals are susceptible to poor physical...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

I’m Not Alone focuses on the teenager’s experience of living with a parent who has a serious mental illness, with particular attention to depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. In Part One, the reader learns about the causes of mental illness, common symptoms of each disorder, the role of mental health professionals, and treatment options. A variety of educational techniques are used throughout the text including stories, poems,...

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Part One of Finding My Way clearly explains PTSD and other common responses to trauma, reviews co-occurring problems (including addictive behavior), and describes numerous treatment options. Part Two gently encourages readers to address their own strong emotions including anger, fear, confusion, sadness, and shame. Readers are then guided through the process of learning valuable coping tools, identifying their social support network, and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In 2004, the Hilton Foundation awarded the Corporation for Supportive Housing a five-year grant of $8 million to promote changes in city, county, and state systems that would reduce homelessness in Los Angeles County, especially among people with serious mental illness. CSH uses these resources to bring people together, facilitate planning and implementation, provide expert advice, and help span the boundaries of different systems that have...

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This guide is intended to help Level I and II trauma centers implement Screening and Brief Interventions (SBI) as part of routine trauma cases. It reviews the elements that should be considered as part of implementing a successful program and will be a reference for SBI in other settings as well. (SAMHSA)

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Links to state and nation Education Watch Summary Reports for 2003-2006

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Children Now’s 2006-07 California Report Card provides a concise and complete assessment of how children are doing in our state, along with policy recommendations for improving their well-being and, in doing so, improving California for all of us. We hope you find this information insightful and act on it. (Children NOW)

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

The 2006 Children’s ScoreCard provides both an opportunity to highlight Los Angeles County’s progress in improving the well-being of children, and an opportunity to reflect on the rich 15-year history of the Children’s Planning Council. We have learned that our attention to data and collaborative planning—at both the systems and community level—has been integral to changing conditions for children and families. We have worked to develop...

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