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RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Preliminary outcomes for states that participated in the initial round of the SOAR (SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery) Technical Assistance Initiative are presented. (Author)

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2005

This information release from the national partners in homeless education summarizes the main points of federal law as related to the education of students displaced by hurricanes. (Authors)

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (Subtitle B—Education for Homeless Children and Youth), reauthorized in January 2002, ensures educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness. This brief summary introduces the basic concepts in the legislation. (Authors)

RESOURCE TYPE: E-book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2002

This book is a revised and expanded second edition of a widely referenced publication that clinicians use to learn about the practice of motivational interviewing.

Since the initial publication of this breakthrough work, motivational interviewing (MI) has been used by countless clinicians. Theory and methods have evolved apace, reflecting new knowledge on the process of behavior change, a growing body of outcome research, and the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Each year, one percent or more of the nation’s population experiences homelessness. An estimated 842,000 people are homeless in any given week. Of these, 66% are single adults and 34% are members of a homeless family (23% of homeless people are children). Homelessness has many underlying causes, ranging from economic crises that dislocate individuals and families to the debilitating effects of chronic (and, frequently, co-occurring) disorders...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This report examines the housing landscape of prisoner reentry in the District of Columbia through an analysis of neighborhoods that had high rates of returning prisoners and a survey of housing-related providers. This report fills important gaps in information vital to the District's continuing efforts to implement effective strategies for reintegrating and supervising returning parolees. More specifically, this research has been...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

In the months since Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans, shock has given way to deep concern about what to do now, next, and down the road to bring back this unique city to social, cultural and economic health. Many of New Orleans' problems, which—to varying degrees—afflict other U.S. central cities, predated the storm. (Authors)

RESOURCE TYPE: Government Document
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

This final report incorporates the discussion and recommendations from the November 2004 meeting. Overall, it discusses the impact of short-term quality improvement measures in the use of board and care homes. It also calls for a fresh approach to providing housing for people with psychiatric disabilities — a recovery-oriented approach that revolves around the principles of consumer self-direction and community integration. (Author)

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Adolescent Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2006

Purpose: To describe and explain variations in first mental health service utilization before and after running away from home for homeless adolescents.
Methods: Survey interviews were conducted with homeless and runaway youth in several Midwestern locations. The effects of family of origin factors and street experiences on the likelihood of seeing a mental health professional for the first time before running away and after...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

PURPOSE. To explore relationships and group differences in attachment-related constructs (social connectedness and social support) and sexual health behaviors in a sample of homeless youth. DESIGN AND METHODS. An exploratory design, this study analyzed baseline data from an ongoing intervention study. Survey data were collected by audio, computer-assisted self-interview (A-CASI) from a nonprobability sample of homeless youth (n = 176...

JOURNAL NAME: Nursing Education Perspectives
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Nursing students can play a vital role in addressing the health care needs of the homeless. Through professional service learning experiences in community-based settings, students learn how to partner with key community leaders and agencies to meet the needs of underserved populations and provide culturally competent care to diverse populations. This article describes the development of a professional service learning experience with the...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

In Robinson v. California, the Court held that a statute punishing persons for being addicted to the use of narcotics violated the Eighth Amendment. In Powell v. Texas, however, the Justices disagreed over whether the principle underlying Robinson was that crimes must involve an actus reus or that the state may not punish involuntary conduct. Recently, in Jones v. City of Los Angeles, the Ninth Circuit weighed in on the question, holding that...

JOURNAL NAME: Family Relations
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The present qualitative research focuses on homeless fathers living with their children in family shelters. Data were collected through semistructured, face-to-face interviews with homeless fathers ( n= 9) and shelter directors ( n= 3). Findings suggest that how fathers made meaning of their experiences in a homeless shelter was related to contextual factors and constructions of masculinity. Contextual constraints deriving from unemployment,...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Staff and clients from nontraditional programs for homeless individuals with serious mental illness (HMI) face barriers when trying to transfer client care from street-based services to traditional community mental health centers or organizations (CMHCs). Yet little is known about the extent of those barriers, reported causes, and consequences. In all, 255 mental health supervisors or designees from three programs across the United States...

JOURNAL NAME: HIV Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Background: Standard two-step HIV testing is limited by poor return-for-results rates and misses high-risk individuals who do not access conventional testing facilities. Methods: We describe a community-based rapid HIV testing programme in which homeless and marginally housed adults recruited from shelters, free meal programmes and single room occupancy hotels in San Francisco received OraQuick Rapid HIV-1 Antibody testing (OraSure...

JOURNAL NAME: Delete
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This study examines entry into drug treatment among 491 street-recruited injection drug users in Denver, Colorado. The primary outcome was treatment entry within 6 months. Univariate tests were run using chi-square t-test analyses. Significant variables were included in a multiple logistic regression. Results showed that having more outreach contacts, not being homeless, having fewer problems with alcohol but more problems with drugs, and the...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Reliable and valid longitudinal residential histories are needed to assess interventions to reduce homelessness and increase community tenure. This study examined the test-retest reliability, sensitivity to change, and concurrent validity of the Residential Time-Line Follow-Back (TLFB) Inventory, a method used to record residential histories in the Collaborative Program to Prevent Homelessness (n = 1,381). The Residential TLFB Inventory...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

In 1992, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) established the HUD-VA Supported Housing (HUD-VASH) Program to provide integrated clinical and housing services to homeless veterans with psychiatric and/or substance abuse disorders at 19 sites. At four sites, 460 subjects were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: (1) HUD-VASH, with both Section 8 vouchers and intensive...

JOURNAL NAME: Psychology, Health & Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

A cross-national survey was conducted among 358 recently homeless young people in Melbourne and Los Angeles. Drug dependence and mental illness were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. At each time point, participants were classified as no condition, drug dependent, having a mental illness or dual condition. Low levels of drug dependence or mental illness or both were reported at each data point. Most young people were classified as...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the American Medical Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This article describes the unique conditions of a doctor/patient relationship when the patient is homeless. For obvious reason, homeless people have difficulty preparing for death but effective palliative care can still be administered by clinicians. The authors present the case of Dr. E and his patient Mr. K, a homeless man dying from renal failure. Dr. E managed to forge a trusting relationship with Mr. K, who had never followed through on...

JOURNAL NAME: Mental Health Weekly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The article presents information on a study regarding homeless youth. According to Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, studies suggest that comprehensive intervention reduces substance abuse and improve mental health. 180 youth aging between 14 and 22 were studied and reduction in depression scores and drug and alcohol abuse was noticed in the studies. (Harvard Library)

JOURNAL NAME: Early Child Development & Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The purpose of the present study was to compare the understanding of conventional time concepts by urban preschool children reared in poverty with that of their peers not raised in poverty. The questionnaire used in this study was based on the original work of Ames. Thirty-six children ranging in age from three to five years of age participated in the study. Twelve attended a Head Start program for homeless children, 12 lived in low-income...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The article reports on cities' response to the rising demand for emergency food assistance and shelter in the U.S. The U.S. Conference of Mayors' (USCM) Task Force on Hunger and Homelessness is working with members of Congress to increase funding for Community Development Block Grants and the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Emergency Shelter Grants that can be used for housing and other services. (Harvard...

JOURNAL NAME: Mental Health Weekly
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The article reports on the announcement of California officials regarding its plan to provide funds from its Proposition 63 tax to construct 10, 000 new housing units for homeless mentally-ill people in January 2007. The plan depicts the first major initiative to give forth from funds raised by the Proposition 63, which is also known as the Mental Health Services Act. It aims to leverage the funds with other funding sources and to find...

JOURNAL NAME: The Christian Science Monitor
RESOURCE TYPE: Newspaper
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

This article reports on the U.S. National-Point-In-Time Survey, which took place in January 2007, and references the role of this count in the efforts of the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness.

JOURNAL NAME: Social Justice
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

WITH THE RECENT PASSAGE OF WELFARE REFORMS IN 2006 AS A LITTLE-DISCUSSED element of a federal budget bill, welfare policy in the United States has moved ever closer to universal workfare.1 Even before the more sweeping reforms of 1996, Bob Jessop described an emerging "workfare regime" that was replacing the welfare state in the industrialized democracies. The latter's logic of protecting citizens from the fortunes of the market was being...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Studies of intimate partner violence (IPV) and work have been primarily conducted with women in low-wage low-status (LWLS) positions, as much of this research has focused on poverty, welfare, and homelessness. Although women in LWLS positions represent a large percentage of working women in the United States, it is also important to investigate experiences of women in high-wage high-status (HWHS) positions because a growing number of women...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Objectives. Little is known about the health status of those who are newly homeless. We sought to describe the health status and health care use of new clients of homeless shelters and observe changes in these health indicators over the study period. Methods. We conducted a longitudinal study of 445 individuals from their entry into the homeless shelter system through the subsequent 18 months. Results. Disease was prevalent in the newly...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

The Allegheny Initiative for Mental Health Integration for the Homeless (AIM-HIGH) was a 3-year urban initiative in Pennsylvania that sought to enhance integration and coordination of medical and behavioral services for homeless persons through system-, provider-, and client-level interventions. On a system level, AIM-HIGH established partnerships between several key medical and behavioral health agencies. On a provider level, AIM-HIGH...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2007

Presented in this paper are the results of a qualitative analysis of the narratives of 208 homeless youth interviewed on streets and in agencies in New York City and Toronto. The interviews focused on the participants' stories about their struggles to survive and negotiate meaningful and healthy lives in coming to the streets, living on the streets, and finding ways off the streets. Analysis of the narratives revealed shifts in the youths'...

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