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JOURNAL NAME: AAP News & Journals
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Hospital readmissions are influenced not only by patients’ health status but also by access to resources such as income, insurance, and social support systems. Optimizing hospital discharge education, planning, and care coordination with outpatient providers are essential strategies to prevent avoidable hospital readmissions.1 Researchers also suggest hospitals should consider social determinants of health (SDH) when assessing readmission...

JOURNAL NAME: Emerging Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2015, we investigated Bartonella quintana and typhus group rickettsiae in body lice from homeless persons in Bogotá, Colombia. We found B. quintana–infected body lice and seroprevalence of this microorganism in 19% of homeless persons and typhus group rickettsiae in 56%. Public health professionals should start preemptive measures and active vector control.

JOURNAL NAME: Emerging Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000–2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking.

JOURNAL NAME: Duke Law Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

ABSTRACT
 In the mid-1990s, Congress fundamentally altered the public safety net when it passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, otherwise known as welfare reform. Under the PRWORA, cash assistance was no longer an entitlement for income-qualifying families; instead, recipients faced work requirements and lifetime limits on receiving benefits. Bipartisan reformers sought to transform...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While the circumstance around individuals seeking shelter are complex and varied, we know that oppressive structures, such as economic injustice, racism, and sexism, play a key role. These systematic forces interact to shape the experiences of women living with intimate partner violence (IPV) and housing issues. The narratives in this newsletter come from the courageous women who shared their stories with advocates and researchers that work...

ORGANIZATION: Homes for Families
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Structural issues are at the core of the experience of homelessness for Massachusetts families. As a group, homeless families experience deep poverty and work in low-wage jobs in a market that lacks affordable housing. Other factors that either contribute to, or are a consequence of, homelessness include intimate partner violence (IPV),7 unaddressed issues of traumatic stress and depression,8, 9, 10, 11 and challenges to parenting.12 For...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

ABSTRACT 

Background: Children in families experiencing homelessness are at elevated risk for cognitive, motor, speech, and other developmental delays. Given the prevalence of family homelessness in Georgia and across the U.S., investigating the feasibility of implementing developmental screeners while families are in shelters is warranted.  Methods: Three pilot shelters were selected for the development and implementation of Quality...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Background. We assessed whether and how health care organizations serving homeless pediatric patients meet recommendations issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

 Methods. We conducted a web-based survey of Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) Program grantees serving children. 

Results. Of 169 grantees, 77 (46%) responded. All organizations reported connecting patients to specialty services. Nearly all...

RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Safe at Home is a whole community response to the urgent issue of homelessness in Whitehorse. This Plan is an attempt to highlight what needs to happen to end and prevent homelessness, and to support better community coordination to provide better care for vulnerable people. This plan is about the whole community, all of us, working together and saying, ‘these are the necessary actions to end homelessness in Whitehorse’, it advocates for more...

JOURNAL NAME: WALDEN DISSERTATIONS AND DOCTORAL STUDIES
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Since the 1990s, homelessness has increased in Canada. The existing strategies of the government and public health service providers to manage the situation have had limited success. Researchers have noted the lack of including those experiencing homelessness to better understand and find a solution to homelessness. The purpose of this phenomenological study, driven by the social cognitive theory, was to understand homelessness from the...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study analyses the pathways between housing and homelessness of young income support recipients in Helsinki. The data used is unique in the Scandinavian and European context. The data covers all young (19-27 years at the end of 2008) single people in Helsinki, who received income support for at least one month during 2008-2010. Subgroups of the homeless young adults, based on the duration of homelessness and the stability of the homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Health Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Objective: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults. Methods: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11.9) self-reported sleep adequacy, sleep duration, unintentional sleep during the daytime, distress tolerance, urban stress, and days of poor mental health and days of poor physical health over the last month. The indirect effects...

JOURNAL NAME: Evaluation and Program Planning
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study investigated the association between program cultural competence and homeless individuals’ drug use after treatment in Los Angeles County, California. Los Angeles County has the largest and most diverse population of homeless individuals in the nation. We randomly selected for analysis 52 drug-treatment programs and 2158 participants who identified as homeless in the Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System in 2011. We...

JOURNAL NAME: Professional School Counseling
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This qualitative study explored the experiences of 23 school counselors in addressing the needs of students experiencing homelessness. Phenomenological analysis revealed two overarching themes: (a) school counselors as the first line of support and (b) the desire to help while feeling helpless. Findings suggest that participants feel underprepared to support the needs of students experiencing homelessness. They face challenges identifying...

JOURNAL NAME: Cureus
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Learners in the emergency department (ED) frequently encounter individuals who are homeless. We sought to evaluate the effect of an inner city emergency medicine rotation at the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH) on the attitudes of medical students and residents towards this population.

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Both loneliness and a lack of social integration are associated with serious physical and psychological health issues. One population highly susceptible to social isolation and loneliness are individuals who are homeless, who also experience high rates of mental disorder and relationship breakdown. Despite this, little research has explored how social networks, isolation and loneliness are experienced for those with a history of homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Health Education & Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The homeless represent an extremely disadvantaged population that fare worse than minority groups in access to preventive services and health, and minority groups fare worse than Whites. Early detection screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) saves lives, but empirical data about CRC screening practices among homeless Blacks and Whites are limited. Psychosocial risk factors may serve as a barrier to CRC screening completion among homeless Black...

JOURNAL NAME: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Since the homeless are at greater risk of encountering health problems than the general population, the reasons for and incidence of their presentations to emergency departments also vary. The purpose of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish homeless patients who brought to the emergency department by ...

JOURNAL NAME: MMU Psychology Journal (Dissertations)
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Previous research into youth homelessness has primarily focused on specific aspects within one’s homeless experience. This study offers exclusive access to four young adults who experienced homelessness as adolescents. Exploration of their retrospective experiences has the potential to inform professionals of the key influences involved in helping one exit homelessness successfully. Participants were recruited through opportunity sampling,...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Purpose: To assess whether the current food security measurement tool used in Canada, the Canadian Community Health Survey, is appropriate for use with homeless adults.

Methods: The Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM), a validated measurement tool utilized for determining the food security status of Canadian households, was used with a group of homeless men (n = 40). In-depth interviews were also conducted with...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this study was to develop and pretest a human trafficking screening tool (HTST) to capture the victimization experiences of young people involved in the child welfare (CW) and runaway and homeless youth (RHY) systems, as practitioners in these systems lacked such a consensus screening tool. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) contracted with the Urban Institute to develop this tool in response to the 2014...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Christian Nursing
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Caring for vulnerable and marginalized populations is a central tenet of professional nursing, and of Christian service. Due to the scope and complexities of problems associated with homelessness, nurses may feel overwhelmed and ill-equipped to serve homeless individuals. Strategies for ending homelessness largely include resource-intensive, publically supported housing and comprehensive physical and mental health services. The role of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Every March, the Ontario Association of Food Banks (OAFB) network of members and agencies participates in Food Banks Canada’s National Hunger Count Survey.  The Ontario Association of Food Banks uses this data, which is provided by the food bank network, to analyze yearly trends related to food insecurity and the food bank use. The annual Hunger Report is released each December, and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Does the posture of people experiencing homelessness affect our judgments about them? Is our perception of their capability or approachability affected by whether they are standing or sitting? To investigate this question experimentally, photographs featuring 5 men and 5 women in 5 different posture positions (standing, leaning, squatting, sitting, and laying) were presented to 50 participants in an online survey. Participants rated the...

JOURNAL NAME: Social Sciences
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In response to growing concerns about the rising number of runaway and homeless youth (RHY) in the U.S., researchers have sought to improve the scientific understanding of health and mental health needs, as well as the social resources available to these youths. In this paper, we examine the relationship between personal support network resources and the mental health status of a sample of RHY (N = 693) surveyed in metro-Atlanta, Georgia. The...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Could an AI decision aid improve housing systems that assist homeless youth? There are nearly 2 million homeless youth in the United States each year. Coordinated entry systems are being used to provide homeless youth with housing assistance across the nation. Despite these efforts, the number of homeless youth still living on the street remains very high. Motivated by this fact, we initiate a first study to create AI decision aids for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

On any one night, there are 105,000 people experiencing homelessness in Australia with many more living in insecure housing, one step away from being homeless. As part of the 2017 election campaign promise to reduce inefficiencies in the public sector, the Western Australian Labor Party announced the amalgamation of the new Department of Community Services. The ergonomics of this timely reassessment of the machinery of government provides a...

JOURNAL NAME: Gender Panic, Gender Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The following ethnographic study was conducted to better understand the site-specific, qualitative impact of organizational, taken-for-granted assumptions and practices regarding gender and family life in the reproduction of on-the-ground gender inequality. More specifically, this case study considers the consequences of organizational assumptions consistent with Bem’s (1993) three “lenses of gender” – androcentrism, essentialism, and...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Field Methods
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Conducting intervention studies with homeless populations can be difficult, particularly in terms of retaining participants across multiple sessions and locating them for subsequent follow-up assessments. Homeless youth are even more challenging to engage due to substance use, mental health problems, wariness of authority figures, and frequent relocations. This article describes methods used to successfully recruit a sample of 200 homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To assess chronic healthcare conditions among homeless veterans identifies as having a catastrophic disability (>50% impairment).

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