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RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This thesis attempts to answer a research question: Does homelessness contribute to the readmission of acute psychiatric admission with those diagnosed with schizophrenia? A quantitative, retrospective study was conducted using a sample of one hundred and thirty-six patients who were admitted to an acute care hospital in Texas between the dates of January 01, 2015 through December 31, 2016. Data were collected from existing patient records of...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The aim of this paper is to analyse to what extent the previous status of children in poverty affects current child poverty, even when we control for observed and unobserved individual heterogeneity and treat the initial condition problem. On the basis of Wooldridge’s (2005) methodology, we estimate a dynamic random effects probit model considering three levels due to the hierarchical structure of our data: observations for each year (level 1...

JOURNAL NAME: Coastal Engineering Proceedings
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

An agent-based model (ABM) is developed to explore the effects of storms and sea level rise (SLR) on soft-engineered coastal management actions and households’ housing decisions at the coastal town of Nags Head in North Carolina, USA. The ABM links the behavior of household agents (individual homeowners) and town agents (coastal managers) with morphological coastal evolution caused by long-term erosion, sea level rise, and storms. Storm...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Through most of history cities have grown slowly, organically following the contours formed by the intersection of geography and commerce - with occasional guidance from master planners - to create resilient and equitable forms. But the industrial age begat zoning, new forms of taxation, and hastened infrastructure investments, all of which upended centuries of measured and incremental growth. Codified separation of distinct land uses...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Regent Park Redux evaluates one of the biggest experiments in public housing redevelopment from the tenant perspective. Built in the 1940s, Toronto’s Regent Park has experienced common large-scale public housing problems. Instead of simply tearing down old buildings and scattering inhabitants, the city’s housing authority came up with a plan for radical transformation.
In partnership with a private developer, the Toronto Community...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of the project was to fund a medical respite program for homeless adults discharged from hospitals; too stabilized to remain in a hospital, and with recuperative needs too severe to remain on streets, or in a traditional shelter. This program will collaborate with other programs at the Weingart Center Association and local service providers to support homeless individuals. The Weingart Center Association, the hosting agency of...

JOURNAL NAME: Harm Reduction Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

The health of people who use drugs (PWUD) is characterized by multimorbidity and chronicity of health conditions, necessitating an understanding of their health care utilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions among a cohort of PWUD.

Methods

We used a retrospective observational design between 2012 and 2013. The population was a marginalized cohort of PWUD...

JOURNAL NAME: Obstetrics & Gynaecology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

The FDA recently announced actions to provide information about the risks of using the Essure device, requiring a mandatory postmarket study to determine its heightened risks. In this study, we aim to look at our experience with the Essure device and analyze its outcomes and complications, focusing on pelvic pain and the risks associated with re-operation.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 319 patient...

RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This toolkit is designed to help communities plan and implement accurate Point-in-Time Counts in Canada. The content is aligned with the requirements of the 2018 Coordinated Count, as described in the Government of Canada’s Homelessness Partnering Strategy.

The toolkit complements Everyone...

ORGANIZATION: Greater Moncton Homelessness Steering Committee
RESOURCE TYPE: Report Card
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Moncton shelters saw an overall drop in the number of individuals accessing their services in 2016 with 759 different individuals booking in to beds; a drop of 7%. This is good news for the region, however, even though there are less overall users within the shelter system, Moncton shelters are seeing people stay longer when they do come. The average length of stay per admission increased to 6.07 days in 2016 from 5.55 days in 2015. When...

RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment.

Methods

Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence...

JOURNAL NAME: Harm Reduction Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Syringe sharing is a high-risk practice associated with the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV and HCV. While youth who contend with housing instability are known to be more likely to engage in high-risk substance use, the potential relationship between being evicted from housing and syringe sharing has not been examined. This study assessed whether residential eviction was associated with syringe sharing among street...

JOURNAL NAME: Trauma, Violence, & Abuse
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless individuals are at higher risk of criminal justice involvement (CJI) and victimization compared to their housed counterparts. Exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM; e.g., abuse, neglect) is one of the most significant predictors of CJI and victimization among homeless populations. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize current knowledge regarding the relationship between CM and CJI and victimization among homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Family relationships are known to play a significant role in helping persons with mental health issues exit homelessness. This study aims to identify the independent quality of life factors that correlate with quality of family relationships. A cross-sectional design was used involving individuals enrolled in the At Home initiative for homeless persons with mental illness in five cities across Canada (N = 2,255). Linear regression analysis...

PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Media Folder: Media Root

It's not always their fault, but...

The appropriate response is, usually silence.

There's a lot more to the picture, than we tend to actually see.
Like, there's a lot more to the river, behind a high mountain peak.
And there's a lot more to the puzzle, but we...

JOURNAL NAME: Arthroplasty Today
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a homeless patient is generally considered contraindicated. Here, we report our known medical and social (housing and employment) results of homeless veterans who had TJA. Thirty-seven TJAs were performed on 33 homeless patients (31 men) at our hospital between November 2000 and March 2014. This was 1.2% of all TJAs. Average age was 54 years. Average hospital stay was 4.1 days. There were no major inpatient...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness prevention has become the dominant policy paradigm for homelessness services across the developed world. However, services have emerged in a piecemeal and selective manner, often restricted to particular towns and cities, with no requirement on local authorities to intervene. Wales is the first country where the government has sought to fully reorient services towards prevention and to make services universally available. At the...

JOURNAL NAME: International Journal for Equity in Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

A significant proportion of homeless people drink alcohol excessively and this can lead to malnutrition and consequent medical problems. The aim of this review was to assess the evidence on the range of nutritional deficiencies in the homeless problem-drinking populations.

Methods

We conducted a comprehensive search of nine scientific literature databases and 13 grey literature sources. We included studies of any design that...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Individuals and families experiencing homelessness experience a variety of hardships while living in temporary housing, in homeless shelters, and on the street. These can include mental health and substance use challenges and unawareness of lack of access to information regarding eligibility for MediCal, Medicare, and Veteran benefits. The purpose of this project was to develop a street-based program and seek potential funding to serve...

JOURNAL NAME: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Homeless individuals with mental illness are challenging to recruit and retain in longitudinal research studies. The present study uses information from the Vancouver site of a Canadian multi-city longitudinal randomized controlled trial on housing first interventions for homeless individuals. We were able to recruit 500 participants and retain large number of homeless individuals with mental illness; 92% of the participants...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this thesis project was to write a grant proposal to obtain funding for an art therapy program for the homeless population residing at the Weingart Center Association in the Skid Row neighborhood of downtown Los Angeles, California. The Weingart Center is a 562-bed emergency shelter facility which provides a range of social services for homeless adult men and women with the primary goals of rapid re-housing, job training and...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the past 25 years, for people without a fixed abode, shocking mortality outcomes have persisted: in 1992, one study showed mortality was 3 times higher with an average age of death at 47 years; and in 2009, the all cause mortality hazard ratio was 4.4. In 2011, the average age of death had decreased to 40.5 years. Homelessness confers an increased risk of dying from drug misuse, circulatory and respiratory disorders, infections and...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Addictive Behavior and Therapy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Formerly incarcerated individuals with substance use disorders encounter numerous obstacles following incarceration that threaten their sobriety. Obtaining safe and stable housing is a notoriously difficult task resulting in precarious housing that can increase the likelihood of relapse. The current study examined the relationship between substance use and 11 housing settings in a sample of 211 formerly incarcerated individuals...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Urban drug “scenes” have been identified as important risk environments that shape the health of street-entrenched youth. New knowledge is needed to inform policy and programing interventions to help reduce youths’ drug scene involvement and related health risks. The aim of this study was to identify how young people envisioned exiting a local, inner-city drug scene in Vancouver, Canada, as well as the individual, social and...

JOURNAL NAME: International Archives of Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

The Tuberculosis (TB) keeps being a big public health problem in the world, having the poverty, the bad life condition, the bad income distribution, the social iniquity and the disability on the health system as a substrate to its maintenance.

Objective

To identify the scientific knowledge produced under the access to the health service of the homeless person sick by TB.

Method

Integrative literature review...

JOURNAL NAME: Association for Computer Machinery
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

We present a text-message system that increases access to hot meals for homeless populations. Homeless people in the USA face several challenges, a crucial one being food insecurity. Through contextual inquiry, we found that although the homeless community is aware of various sources of free food, most of the information is spread through word of mouth. This leaves knowledge incomplete, inconvenient for those on the move, and difficult to...

JOURNAL NAME: Association for Computer Machinery
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless people lack stable housing conditions and often feel marginalised from broader society. Some charity organisations seek to improve the confidence and self worth of homeless individuals by providing artistic activities, in which impressive artworks are produced. However, much of the artwork remain unseen, due to lack of the resources and technology available to these charity organisations. This is why we designed StreetHeart, a...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homelessness is an increasing epidemic afflicting the United States. Of the millions of homeless in the United States, over two million are children (National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2009; Slesnick, Dashora, Letcher, Erden, & Serocivh, 2009). It is reported that over 1.2 million of homeless students are enrolled in public schools (National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2014). Researchers have...

RESOURCE TYPE: Thesis/Dissertation
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

To address growing housing instability in college students, institutions of higher education in the state of Michigan should develop assistance programs that provide academic support, mentoring services, and housing aid.

When data was last collected in 2013, 58,000 college students identified as homeless on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), an increase of 75 percent over the previous 3 years, and experts estimate...

RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the past 20 years the use of the at-risk-of-poverty threshold has become increasingly widespread. However, as is well known, the indicator builds on a number of assumptions and simplifications that have given rise to several criticisms. In this paper we illustrate how reference budgets can help to ‘contextualise’ the weaknesses of the at-risk-of poverty threshold by generating more insight into the kind of living standard that can be...

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