Fran Klodawsky is an Associate Professor at Carleton University in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies. She also enjoys formal affiliations with the Institute of Women's Studies and the Institute of Political Economy. Between 1991 and 1994, she was the Director of the Institute of Women's Studies and prior to this, between 1986 and 1991, she was Advisor to the President on Status of Women Issues. Her first focus of research was the housing dilemmas of single parent families. More recently, there have been two streams of research interest: first, women's municipal initiatives to promote equality and inclusiveness, especially with regard to safety and municipal services; and second, community, inter-urban, national and international efforts to examine the significance of affordable housing and the dilemmas that arise, including homelessness, when such housing is not available.