This chapter provide an overview of previous research on homelessness and the relationship between homelessness and health (particularly in Canada), to spur discussion on directions for future research. Homeless people suffer from higher levels of disease and the causal pathways linking homelessness and poor health are complex. Efforts to reduce homelessness and improve health include biomedical, educational, environmental and policy strategies. Significant research gaps exist, including the evaluation of initiatives to reduce homelessness and improve the health of homeless persons.
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