First Nations need to protect all information concerning themselves, their traditional knowledge and culture, including information resulting from research. The principles of Ownership, Control, Access and Possession (OCAP) enable self-determination over all research concerning First Nations.
It offers a way for First Nations to make decisions regarding what research will be done, for what purpose information or data will be used, where the information will be physically stored and who will have access. This piece of work was sanctioned by the First Nations Information Governance Committee (FNIGC) and the First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey (RHS).
This guide explains the principles of OCAP and all that they encompass – from regulating the collection of data, to analyzing, managing and storing the data. It also provides some useful models in the form of policies, protocols, or strategies that reflect OCAP and have been adopted by First Nations to regulate all research activities that affect their people and communities. It also outlines key issues and concepts of OCAP, as well as existing barriers and challenges towards its implementation.